Extreme Environments

Extreme Environments

Mechanisms of Microbial Adaptation

1st Edition - January 1, 1976

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  • Editor: Milton R. Heinrich
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483271637

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Description

Extreme Environments: Mechanisms of Microbial Adaptation is a collection of papers presented at the symposium on Extreme Environments: Mechanisms of Microbial Adaptation, held at Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California in June 1974. The meeting emphasizes research work leading to an understanding of the molecular mechanisms that allow the organism to survive extreme environments. The book presents lectures and papers on the general aspects of microbial adaptation; effects of temperature and high salt concentration on the various steps in information transfer; and on microbial enzymes. Effects of temperature, salt, and pressure on membrane structure and function are analyzed as well. The book will be of interest to biologists, microbiologists, biochemists, zoologists, and students of life sciences.

Table of Contents


  • Contents

    List of Contributors

    Preface

    Dedication: Dr. Wolf v. Vishniac

    Theme Lecture

    Natural Selection and the Ecology of Microbial Adaptation in a Biosphere

    Antarctic Studies

    Electron Microscopy of Antarctic Soil Bacteria

    Antarctic Microbiology - Preparation for Mars Life Detection, Quarantine, and Back Contamination

    Information Transfer

    Information Transfer in Thermophilic Bacteria

    Temperature Effects on Transfer RNA

    Information Transfer: Salt Effects

    Salt-mediated Kill and Inhibition of Thermally Injured (Ribosome Deficient) Staphylococcus Aureus

    Proteins

    Proteins from Thermophilic Microorganisms

    A Comparison of the Amino Acid Compositions of Proteins from Thermophilic and Nonthermophilic Origins

    Kinetic Behavior of a Thermophilic Enzyme in Response to Temperature Perturbations

    Properties of a Partially Purified NADH Dehydrogenase from an Extremely Halophilic Bacterium, Strain AR-1

    Membranes

    Effect of Temperature on Membrane Proteins

    The Biological Significance of Alterations in the Fatty Acid Composition of Microbial Membrane Lipids in Response to Changes in Environmental Temperature

    Growth Temperature and the Structure of the Lipid Phase in Biological Membranes

    Membrane Structure and Salt Dependence in Extremely Halophilic Bacteria

    Magnetic Resonance Study of Ion Interaction with Bacterial Surfaces

    The Influence of Dipole Potentials on the Magnitude and the Kinetics of Ion Transport in Lipid Bilayer Membranes

    The Effect of High Pressure on Phospholipid Bilayer Membranes

    Symposium Lectures—1970

    Symposium Lectures-1972

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 380
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1976
  • Published: January 1, 1976
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483271637

About the Editor

Milton R. Heinrich

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