Extreme Environments - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123378507, 9781483271637

Extreme Environments

1st Edition

Mechanisms of Microbial Adaptation

Editors: Milton R. Heinrich
eBook ISBN: 9781483271637
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1976
Page Count: 380
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Description

Extreme Environments: Mechanisms of Microbial Adaptation is a collection of papers presented at the symposium on Extreme Environments: Mechanisms of Microbial Adaptation, held at Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California in June 1974. The meeting emphasizes research work leading to an understanding of the molecular mechanisms that allow the organism to survive extreme environments. The book presents lectures and papers on the general aspects of microbial adaptation; effects of temperature and high salt concentration on the various steps in information transfer; and on microbial enzymes. Effects of temperature, salt, and pressure on membrane structure and function are analyzed as well. The book will be of interest to biologists, microbiologists, biochemists, zoologists, and students of life sciences.

Table of Contents


Contents

List of Contributors

Preface

Dedication: Dr. Wolf v. Vishniac

Theme Lecture

Natural Selection and the Ecology of Microbial Adaptation in a Biosphere

Antarctic Studies

Electron Microscopy of Antarctic Soil Bacteria

Antarctic Microbiology - Preparation for Mars Life Detection, Quarantine, and Back Contamination

Information Transfer

Information Transfer in Thermophilic Bacteria

Temperature Effects on Transfer RNA

Information Transfer: Salt Effects

Salt-mediated Kill and Inhibition of Thermally Injured (Ribosome Deficient) Staphylococcus Aureus

Proteins

Proteins from Thermophilic Microorganisms

A Comparison of the Amino Acid Compositions of Proteins from Thermophilic and Nonthermophilic Origins

Kinetic Behavior of a Thermophilic Enzyme in Response to Temperature Perturbations

Properties of a Partially Purified NADH Dehydrogenase from an Extremely Halophilic Bacterium, Strain AR-1

Membranes

Effect of Temperature on Membrane Proteins

The Biological Significance of Alterations in the Fatty Acid Composition of Microbial Membrane Lipids in Response to Changes in Environmental Temperature

Growth Temperature and the Structure of the Lipid Phase in Biological Membranes

Membrane Structure and Salt Dependence in Extremely Halophilic Bacteria

Magnetic Resonance Study of Ion Interaction with Bacterial Surfaces

The Influence of Dipole Potentials on the Magnitude and the Kinetics of Ion Transport in Lipid Bilayer Membranes

The Effect of High Pressure on Phospholipid Bilayer Membranes

Symposium Lectures—1970

Symposium Lectures-1972

Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
380
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1976
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483271637

About the Editor

Milton R. Heinrich