Exploring Engineering

Exploring Engineering

An Introduction to Engineering and Design

2nd Edition - September 5, 2009

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  • Authors: Philip Kosky, Robert Balmer, William Keat, George Wise
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080884462

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Exploring Engineering: An Introduction to Engineering and Design, Second Edition, provides an introduction to the engineering profession. It covers both classical engineering and emerging fields, such as bioengineering, nanotechnology, and mechatronics. The book is organized into two parts. Part 1 provides an overview of the engineering discipline. It begins with a discussion of what engineers do and then covers topics such as the key elements of engineering analysis; problems solving and spreadsheet analyses; and the kinds, conversion, and conservation of energy. The book also discusses key concepts drawn from the fields of chemical engineering; mechanical engineering; electrical engineering; electrochemical engineering; materials engineering; civil engineering; engineering kinematics; bioengineering; manufacturing engineering; and engineering economics. Part 2 focuses on the steps in the engineering design process. It provides content for a Design Studio, where students can design and build increasingly complex engineering system. It also presents examples of design competitions and concludes with brief remarks about the importance of design projects.

Key Features

  • Organized in two parts to cover both the concepts and practice of engineering: Part I, Minds On, introduces the  fundamental physical, chemical and material bases for all engineering work while Part II, Hands On, provides opportunity to do design projects
  • An Engineering Ethics Decision Matrix is introduced in Chapter 1 and used throughout the book to pose ethical challenges and explore ethical decision-making in an engineering context
  • Lists of "Top Engineering Achievements" and "Top Engineering Challenges" help put the material in context and show engineering as a vibrant discipline involved in solving societal problems
    New to this edition:
  • Additional discussions on what engineers do, and the distinctions between engineers, technicians, and managers (Chapter 1)
  •  New coverage of Renewable Energy and Environmental Engineering helps emphasize the emerging interest in Sustainable Engineering
  • New discussions of Six Sigma in the Design section, and expanded material on writing technical reports
  • Re-organized and updated chapters in Part I to more closely align with specific engineering disciplines

new end of chapter excercises throughout the book


* Freshman undergraduate students entering 4-year engineering programs, including those with declared or intended majors in all engineering areas such as mechanical, electrical, chemical, industrial, and civil engineering
* Freshman undergraduate students who are taking an Introduction to Engineering Course either as a requirement for a technical degree or as an elective for science and technology requirements for other degree programs in liberal arts, business, life sciences, and so forth

Table of Contents

  • Foreword


    Part 1: Minds-On

    Chapter 1: What Engineers do

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 What Do Engineers Do?

    1.3 What Makes a “Good” Engineer?

    1.4 What This Book Covers

    1.5 Personal and Professional Ethics

    1.6 What Are Professional Ethics?

    1.7 Engineering Ethics Decision Matrix

    1.8 What You Should Expect from This Book



    Chapter 2: Key Elements of Engineering Analysis

    2.1 Engineering Analysis

    2.2 The SI Unit System

    2.3 Force, Weight, and Mass

    2.4 Significant Figures



    Chapter 3: Solving Problems and Spreadsheet Analyses

    3.1 The Need–Know–How–Solve Method

    3.2 Spreadsheet Analysis

    3.3 Graphing in Spreadsheets



    Chapter 4: Energy: Kinds, Conversion, and Conservation

    4.1 Using Energy

    4.2 Energy Is the Capability to Do Work

    4.3 Kinds of Energy

    4.4 Energy Conversion

    4.5 Conservation of Energy



    Chapter 5: Chemical Energy and Chemical Engineering

    5.1 Chemical Energy Conversion

    5.2 Atoms, Molecules, and Chemical Reactions

    5.3 The mol and the kmol

    5.4 Stoichiometry

    5.5 The Heating Value of Hydrocarbon Fuels

    5.6 How Do You Make Chemical Fuels?



    Chapter 6: Mechanical Engineering

    6.1 The Otto Cycle

    6.2 Modeling the Power Output of the Otto Cycle

    6.3 The Diesel Cycle

    6.4 The Brayton Cycle

    6.5 Motion

    6.6 Improving the Otto, Diesel, and Brayton Cycles

    6.7 Another Vision of the Future



    Chapter 7: Electrical Engineering

    7.1 Electrical Circuits

    7.2 Resistance, Ohm’s Law, and the “Power Law”

    7.3 Series and Parallel Circuits

    7.4 Kirchhoff’s Laws

    7.5 Switches



    Chapter 8: Electrochemical Engineering and Alternate Energy Sources

    8.1 Electrochemistry

    8.2 Principles of Electrochemical Engineering

    8.3 Lead-Acid Batteries

    8.4 The Ragone Chart

    8.5 Electrochemical Series

    8.6 Advanced Batteries

    8.7 Fuel Cells

    8.8 Ultracapacitors



    Chapter 9: Logic and Computers

    9.1 Moore’s Law

    9.2 Analog Computers

    9.3 From Analog to Digital Computing

    9.4 Binary Logic

    9.5 Truth Tables

    9.6 Decimal and Binary Numbers

    9.7 Binary Arithmetic

    9.8 Binary Codes

    9.9 How Does a Computer Work?



    Chapter 10: Control System Design and Mechatronics

    10.1 What Is Mechatronics?

    10.2 Modeling the Control System as a Block Diagram

    10.3 Selecting a Control Strategy

    10.4 Transient Control Theory

    10.5 Global Warming and Positive Feedback

    10.6 Drive-by-Wire

    10.7 Implementing the Chosen Strategy in Hardware



    Chapter 11: Materials Engineering

    11.1 Choosing the Right Material

    11.2 Strength

    11.3 Defining Materials Requirements

    11.4 Materials Selection

    11.5 Properties of Modern Materials



    Chapter 12: Civil Engineering: the Art and Engineering of Bridge Design

    12.1 The Beauty of Bridges

    12.2 Free-Body Diagrams and Static Equilibrium

    12.3 Structural Elements

    12.4 Efficient Structures

    12.5 The Method of Joints

    12.6 Solution of Large Problems

    12.7 Designing with Factors of Safety



    Chapter 13: Engineering Kinematics

    13.1 What Is Kinematics?

    13.2 Distance, Speed, Time, and Acceleration

    13.3 The Speed Versus Time Diagram

    13.4 Applying Kinematics to the Highway On-Ramp Problem

    13.5 General Equations of Kinematics

    13.6 The Highway Capacity Diagram

    13.7 The Rotational Kinematics of Gears



    Chapter 14: Bioengineering

    14.1 What Do Bioengineers Do?

    14.2 Biological Implications of Injuries to the Head

    14.3 Why Collisions Can Kill

    14.4 The Fracture Criterion

    14.5 The Stress–Speed–Stopping Distance–Area Criterion

    14.6 Criteria for Predicting Effects of Potential Accidents



    Chapter 15: Manufacturing Engineering

    15.1 What Is Manufacturing?

    15.2 Early Manufacturing

    15.3 Industrial Revolution

    15.4 Manufacturing Processes

    15.5 Modern Manufacturing

    15.6 Variability, Deming, and Six Sigma



    Chapter 16: Engineering Economics

    16.1 Why Is Economics Important?

    16.2 The Cost of Money

    16.3 When Is an Investment Worth It?



    Part 2: Hands-On

    Chapter 17: Introduction to Engineering Design

    17.1 The Nature of Engineering Design

    17.2 Design Problems Versus Homework Problems

    17.3 Benefits of a Hands-On Design Project

    17.4 Qualities of a Good Designer

    17.5 How to Manage a Design Project

    17.6 Two Ground Rules for Design

    17.7 The Need for a Systematic Approach

    17.8 Steps in the Engineering Design Process

    17.9 Hands-On Design Exercise: The Tower

    Chapter 18: Design Step 1: Defining the Problem

    18.1 Problem Definition

    18.2 List of Specifications

    18.3 Design Milestone: Clarification of the Task

    Chapter 19: Design Step 2: Generation of Alternative Concepts

    19.1 Brainstorming

    19.2 Concept Sketching

    19.3 Hands-on Design Exercise: The Tube

    19.4 Research-Based Strategies for Promoting Creativity

    19.5 Functional Decomposition for Complex Systems

    19.6 Design Milestone: Generation of Alternatives

    Chapter 20: Design Step 3: Evaluation of Alternatives and Selection of a Concept

    20.1 Minimize the Information Content of the Design

    20.2 Maintain the Independence of Functional Requirements

    20.3 Design for Ease of Manufacture

    20.4 Design for Robustness

    20.5 Design for Adjustability

    20.6 Hands-on Design Exercise: Waste Ball

    20.7 The Decision Matrix

    20.8 Design Milestone: Evaluation of Alternatives

    Chapter 21: Design Step 4: Detailed Design

    21.1 Analysis

    21.2 Experiments

    21.3 Models

    21.4 Detailed Drawings

    21.5 Design Milestone: Detailed Design

    Chapter 22: Design Step 5: Design Defense

    22.1 Design Milestone: Oral Design Defense

    Chapter 23: Design Step 6: Manufacturing and Testing

    23.1 Manufacturing and Testing Strategies

    23.2 Materials

    23.3 Joining Methods

    23.4 Useful Hand Tools

    23.5 Design Milestone: Design for Manufacture Assessment I

    23.6 Design Milestone: Design for Manufacture Assessment II

    Chapter 24: Design Step 7: Performance Evaluation

    24.1 Individual Performance Testing

    24.2 The Final Competition

    24.3 Design Milestone: Individual Performance Testing

    Chapter 25: Design Step 8: Design Report

    25.1 Organization of the Report

    25.2 Writing Guidelines

    25.3 Design Milestone: Design Report

    Chapter 26: Examples of Design Competitions

    26.1 Design Competition Example 1: A Bridge Too Far

    26.2 Design Milestone Solutions for A Bridge Too Far

    26.3 Official Rules for the A Bridge Too Far Design Competition

    26.4 Design Competition Example 2: The Mars Meteorite Retriever Challenge

    26.5 Some Design Milestones for the Mars Meteorite Retriever Challenge

    26.6 Official Rules for the Mars Meteorite Retriever Challenge Design Competition

    Chapter 27: Closing Remarks on the Important Role of Design Projects



Product details

  • No. of pages: 464
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2009
  • Published: September 5, 2009
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080884462

About the Authors

Philip Kosky

Dr. Kosky spent two years at the Atomic Energy Research Establishment in the UK before joining the GE Research Center Schenectady, NY where he was a career scientist and engineer until retiring in 2001. From 2001 to 2007 he was a Distinguished Research Professor of Engineering at Union College. He has written nearly 200 publications and other reports including about 25 patents.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Mechanical Engineering (Retired), Union College, Schenectady, N.Y., USA; formerly Staff Scientist, GE Research Laboratory, Niskayuna, NY, USA

Robert Balmer

Dr. Balmer has worked as an engineer at the Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory and at various DuPont facilities. He has over 40 years of engineering teaching experience and has authored 70 technical publications and the Elsevier undergraduate engineering textbook Modern Engineering Thermodynamics.

Affiliations and Expertise

Mechanical Engineering Professor Emeritus,University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee; Dean Emeritus, Engineering and Computer Science, Union College, Schenectady NY, USA

William Keat

Dr. Keat has been teaching design for 20 years, in courses ranging from freshman engineering to a graduate course in design methodology. Has been awarded two Pi Tau Sigma Outstanding Teacher Awards and two first place finishes at the Mini-Baja East Competition while serving as an advisor.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Union College, Schenectady, NY, USA

George Wise

Dr. Wise is a former communications specialist and historian at General Electric's Global Research Center in Niskayuna, NY. After retiring from GE he served as Deputy Director of the Dudley Observatory, Schenectady, NY and Adjunct Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Union College. He has authored two books and numerous papers on the history of science and technology, winning the Usher Prize of the Society for History of Technology for one of them.

Affiliations and Expertise

Formerly Adjunct Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Union College, Schenectady, N.Y., USA; also Technical Staff and Communication Specialist, GE Research Laboratory, Niskayuma, NY, USA

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