Exploring Engineering - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123694058, 9780080547183

Exploring Engineering

1st Edition

An Introduction for Freshmen to Engineering and to the Design Process.

Authors: Philip Kosky Robert Balmer William Keat George Wise
eBook ISBN: 9780080547183
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 11th September 2006
Page Count: 400
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Winner of the Best New Undergraduate Textbook Award from the Professional and Scholarly Publishing Division of the American Association of Publishers! Exploring Engineering was developed to meet the need for a better way to introduce incoming engineering students to the fundamental concepts at the heart of all engineering disciplines. It was also created to show students in a vivid way the great array of opportunities and possibilities of today's engineering fields-from classical mechanical engineering to bioengineering and mechatronics. This is the first text to introduce nearly all of the major engineering areas, and to do so with a strong interdisciplinary case study approach. This approach better prepares and enables students to draw upon knowledge not only from their own particular field of expertise, but also from related or even distantly related engineering and technical and scientific fields, allowing them to become more versatile within their future employment.

Exploring Engineering is flexible enough to offer a variety of approaches to the introduction of modern engineering for new students, while still providing the most important essentials that hold all engineering disciplines together, particularly the mathematical, quantitative basis of engineering as well as the modern computer tools that make today's engineering design so efficient and accurate.

Key Features

  • Introduces the fundamental physical, chemical, and material foundations for all engineering work, including motion, force, conservation of energy and matter
  • Explains the workings of simple electrical circuits, computer logic, control and mechatronics, stress/strain diagrams, bioengineering, stoichiometry
  • Offers applications of engineering ethics—using an extended case study metaphor: the modern automobile
  • Provides simple data spreadsheets and other analytical "tools of the trade" to introduce students to the concepts of theoretical and of empirical engineering
  • Presents the engineering design process using examples and assignments specifically aimed at helping to guide students and instructor through a hands-on design project


• Freshman undergraduate students entering 4-year engineering programs, including those with declared or intended majors in all engineering areas such as mechanical, electrical, chemical, industrial, and civil engineering • Freshman undergraduate students who are taking an “Introduction to Engineering Course” either as a requirement for a technical degree or as an elective for science and technology requirements for other degree programs in liberal arts, business, life sciences, and so forth • Undergraduate and graduate students in other technical disciplines or physical sciences who may take this course as an elective. • Undergraduate Liberal Arts Students who are taking courses to fulfill science requirements or who may want to enter technical fields

Table of Contents

Foreword <BR id=""CRLF"">Part 1: Minds-on <BR id=""CRLF"">Chapter 1: What Engineers Do<BR id=""CRLF"">Scope of this text<BR id=""CRLF"">Context of covered material<BR id=""CRLF"">Learning Sections<BR id=""CRLF"">What are personal ethics? (… and what have they to do with engineering?)<BR id=""CRLF"">The Five Cornerstones of Ethical Behavior<BR id=""CRLF"">Top Ten Questions You Should Ask Yourself When Making an Ethical Decision<BR id=""CRLF"">What are Professional ethics? <BR id=""CRLF"">National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE) Code of Ethics for Engineers<BR id=""CRLF"">Fundamental Canons<BR id=""CRLF"">What You Should Expect to Achieve in this Course<BR id=""CRLF"">Summary<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Chapter 2: Key Elements of Engineering Analysis with an Introduction to the Concept of Force<BR id=""CRLF"">Variables<BR id=""CRLF"">Units<BR id=""CRLF"">The SI Unit System<BR id=""CRLF"">Force, Weight and Mass<BR id=""CRLF"">Significant Figures<BR id=""CRLF"">Summary<BR id=""CRLF"">Exercises<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Chapter 3: How to solve problems and spreadsheet analyses<BR id=""CRLF"">Need-to-know-how-to-solve method of solving problems<BR id=""CRLF"">Spreadsheet analysis<BR id=""CRLF"">Cell addressing modes<BR id=""CRLF"">Types of data that can be in a cell<BR id=""CRLF"">Input to a spreadsheet<BR id=""CRLF"">Graphing in Spreadsheets<BR id=""CRLF"">Summary<BR id=""CRLF"">Exercises<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Chapter 4: Energy: Kinds, Conversion, and Conservation<BR id=""CRLF"">Energy is the Capability to do Work<BR id=""CRLF"">Kinds of Energy<BR id=""CRLF"">Conversion<BR id=""CRLF"">Conservation of Energy<BR id=""CRLF"">Summary<BR id=""CRLF"">Exercises<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Chapter 5: Chemical Energy of Fuels<BR id=""CRLF"">Atoms, Molecules, and Chemical Reactions<BR id=""CRLF"">The mol and the kmol<BR id=""CRLF"">Stoichiometry<BR id=""CRLF"">The Air-to-Fuel Ratio<BR id=""CRLF"">The Heating Value of Hydrocarbon Fuels<BR id=""CRLF"">The Heating Value of Fuels: The General Case<BR id=""CRLF"">Summary<BR id=""CRLF"">Exercises<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Chapter 6: The Automotive Drive Train<BR id=""CRLF"">Modeling the Power Output of the Otto Cycle<BR id=""CRLF"">Derivation of Otto cycle power output equation from first principles<BR id=""CRLF"">Motion<BR id=""CRLF"">Gearing and Gear Ratios<BR id=""CRLF"">Improving on the Otto Cycle<BR id=""CRLF"">Summary<BR id=""CRLF"">Exercises<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Chapter 7: Electrical Circuits<BR id=""CRLF"">Electrical Circuits<BR id=""CRLF"">Resistance, Ohm's Law and the “Power Law” <BR id=""CRLF"">Series and Parallel Circuits<BR id=""CRLF"">Switches<BR id=""CRLF"">Summary<BR id=""CRLF"">Exercises<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Chapter 8: Logic and Computers<BR id=""CRLF"">Analog Computers<BR id=""CRLF"">From Analog to Digital Computing<BR id=""CRLF"">Binary Logic<BR id=""CRLF"">Truth Tables<BR id=""CRLF"">Binary Arithmetic<BR id=""CRLF"">Binary Codes<BR id=""CRLF"">How does a computer work? <BR id=""CRLF"">Summary<BR id=""CRLF"">Exercises<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Chapter 9: Control Systems Design and Mechatronics<BR id=""CRLF"">Modeling the control system as a block diagram<BR id=""CRLF"">Translating the block diagram into a mathematical model<BR id=""CRLF"">Selecting a control strategy<BR id=""CRLF"">Implementing the chosen strategy in hardware<BR id=""CRLF"">Drive-by-wire<BR id=""CRLF"">Summary<BR id=""CRLF"">Exercises<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Chapter 10: Kinematics and Traffic Flow<BR id=""CRLF"">Distance, Speed, and Acceleration<BR id=""CRLF"">The Speed versus Time Diagram<BR id=""CRLF"">Applying the tool to the on-ramp problem<BR id=""CRLF"">General Equations of Kinematics<BR id=""CRLF"">The Highway Capacity Diagram<BR id=""CRLF"">Summary<BR id=""CRLF"">Exercises<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Chapter 11: Introduction to Materials Engineering<BR id=""CRLF"">What are the reasons for a particular material’s strength? <BR id=""CRLF"">Defining Materials Requirements<BR id=""CRLF"">Materials Selection<BR id=""CRLF"">Properties of modern materials<BR id=""CRLF"">Summary<BR id=""CRLF"">Exercises<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Chapter 12: Bioengineering<BR id=""CRLF"">Biological implications of injuries to the head<BR id=""CRLF"">The Stress-Speed-Stopping Distance-Area Criterion<BR id=""CRLF"">Criteria for Predicting Effects of Potential Accidents<BR id=""CRLF"">Summary<BR id=""CRLF"">Exercises<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Chapter 13: Introduction to Chemical Engineering<BR id=""CRLF"">Oil Refining<BR id=""CRLF"">Oil refineries<BR id=""CRLF"">Process Engineering<BR id=""CRLF"">Distillation<BR id=""CRLF"">How refinery output can be improved<BR id=""CRLF"">Catalytic Conversion<BR id=""CRLF"">Summary<BR id=""CRLF"">Exercises<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Chapter 14: Cars of the Future - What Will They Be Like? <BR id=""CRLF"">The Car Culture<BR id=""CRLF"">Big Changes Ahead: Convergence<BR id=""CRLF"">Automotive Electronics<BR id=""CRLF"">Smart Automobile Safety Systems<BR id=""CRLF"">Smart Tire Systems<BR id=""CRLF"">Smart Exhaust Systems<BR id=""CRLF"">Smart Drive-By-Wire Systems<BR id=""CRLF"">Smart Highway Systems<BR id=""CRLF"">Smart Traffic Systems<BR id=""CRLF"">Smart Advanced Power Systems<BR id=""CRLF"">Variable Displacement and Variable Valve Engines<BR id=""CRLF"">Fuel Cell Systems<BR id=""CRLF"">Enjoying the Ride – Smart Vehicle Entertainment Systems<BR id=""CRLF"">How Do We Get There? <BR id=""CRLF"">Looking Forward<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Part 2: Hands-on<BR id=""CRLF"">Chapter 15: Introduction to Engineering Design<BR id=""CRLF"">The Nature of Engineering Design<BR id=""CRLF"">Hands-on Design Exercise ‘The Tower’<BR id=""CRLF"">Benefits of a Hands-on Design Project<BR id=""CRLF"">Qualities of a Good Designer<BR id=""CRLF"">The Need for a Systematic Approach<BR id=""CRLF"">The Steps in the Engineering Design Process<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Chapter 16: Two Ground Rules for Design<BR id=""CRLF"">Ground Rule No.1: Use a Design Notebook<BR id=""CRLF"">Ground Rule No.2: Team Effectively<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Chapter 17: Clarification of the Task<BR id=""CRLF"">Problem Definition<BR id=""CRLF"">List of Specifications<BR id=""CRLF"">Design Milestone: Clarification of the Task<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Chapter 18: Generation of Alternative Concepts<BR id=""CRLF"">Brainstorming<BR id=""CRLF"">Hands-on Design Exercise ‘The Tube’<BR id=""CRLF"">Research Based Strategies for Promoting Creativity<BR id=""CRLF"">Functional Decomposition for Complex Systems<BR id=""CRLF"">Design Milestone: Generation of Alternatives<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Chapter 19: Evaluation of Alternatives and Selection of a Concept<BR id=""CRLF"">Minimize the Information Content of the Design<BR id=""CRLF"">Maintain the Independence of Functional Requirements<BR id=""CRLF"">Design for Ease of Manufacture<BR id=""CRLF"">Design for Robustness<BR id=""CRLF"">Design for Adjustability<BR id=""CRLF"">Hands-on Design Exercise ‘Waste Ball’<BR id=""CRLF"">The Decision Matrix<BR id=""CRLF"">Design Milestone: Evaluation of Alternatives<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Chapter 20: Detailed Design<BR id=""CRLF"">Analysis<BR id=""CRLF"">Experiments<BR id=""CRLF"">Models<BR id=""CRLF"">Detailed Drawings<BR id=""CRLF"">Design Milestone: Detailed Design<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Chapter 21: Oral Design Defense<BR id=""CRLF"">Design Milestone: Oral Design Defense<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Chapter 22: Manufacturing and Testing<BR id=""CRLF"">Manufacturing and Testing Strategies<BR id=""CRLF"">Materials<BR id=""CRLF"">Joining Methods<BR id=""CRLF"">Useful Hand Tools<BR id=""CRLF"">Design Milestone: DFM Assessment I<BR id=""CRLF"">Design Milestone: DFM Assessment II<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Chapter 23: Performance Evaluation<BR id=""CRLF"">Individual Performance Testing<BR id=""CRLF"">The Final Competition<BR id=""CRLF"">Design Milestone: Individual Performance Testing<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Chapter 24: Design Report<BR id=""CRLF"">Organization of the Report<BR id=""CRLF"">Writing Guidelines<BR id=""CRLF"">Design Milestone: Design Report<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Chapter 25: An Example of a Design Competition: “A Bridge Too Far.” <BR id=""CRLF"">Design Competition Example: “A Bridge Too Far” <BR id=""CRLF"">Design Milestone Solutions for “A Bridge Too Far” <BR id=""CRLF"">DM 1: Clarification of the Task<BR id=""CRLF"">DM 2: Generation of Alternative Concepts<BR id=""CRLF"">DM 3: Evaluation of Alternative Concepts<BR id=""CRLF"">DM 4: Detailed Design<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Appendix: Official Rules for the “A Bridge Too Far” Design Competition<BR id=""CRLF""><BR id=""CRLF"">Chapter 26: Closing Remarks on the Important Role of Design Projects


No. of pages:
© Academic Press 2006
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:

About the Author

Philip Kosky

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Union College, Schenectady, N.Y., USA; formerly Staff Scientist, GE Research Laboratory, Niskayuna, N.Y., USA

Robert Balmer

Affiliations and Expertise

Mechanical Engineering Professor Emeritus,University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee; Dean Emeritus, Engineering and Computer Science, Union College, Schenectady NY

William Keat

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor Mechanical Engineering, Union College, Schenectady, N.Y., USA

George Wise

Affiliations and Expertise

Formerly Adjunct Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Union College, Schenectady, N.Y., USA; also Technical Staff and Communication Specialist, GE Research Laboratory, Niskayuma, N.Y., USA


"Kosky, Wise, Balmer and Keat have developed a wonderful pedagogical text which provides a unique fresh perspective of first-year engineering education. This book enriches the content and facilitates the delivery of freshmen engineering courses. It is a very timely textbook." Ronald A. Perez, Ph.D., P.E. Associate Dean, Academic and Administrative Affairs College of Engineering and Applied Science University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

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