Experiments in Textile and Fibre Chemistry - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780408700894, 9781483279909

Experiments in Textile and Fibre Chemistry

1st Edition

Authors: Christopher Earland David J. Raven
eBook ISBN: 9781483279909
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 1st February 1970
Page Count: 208
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Experiments in Textile and Fiber Chemistry focuses on selected experiments in the chemistry of fibrous polymers and ancillary materials designed primarily for undergraduate students in technical colleges, polytechnics, and universities. The book first reviews the determination of 'available' chlorine in sodium hypochlorite solution, hardness of water, and estimation of iron in water. The text also ponders on the determination of the saponification and iodine values of oils, use of the pH meter, and use of pH indicators and acid-base titrations.
The publication examines the determination of the nitrogen content of organic substances by the Kjeldahl method; separation of amino acids by paper chromatography and paper electrophoresis; and thin layer chromatography. Identification of N-terminal amino acids by the 'Dansyl' method; supercontraction of wool; rendering wool resistant to acid dyeing; effect of breaking disulfide cross-links in wool; and the formation of lanthionine linkages in wool are discussed.
The text is a valuable reference for textile and fiber experts interested in the chemistry of fibrous polymers and ancillary materials.

Table of Contents


General Notes

Determination of Dry Weight of Fibrous Polymers

Part 1. Analytical Methods


1. Determination of Available Chlorine in Sodium Hypochlorite Solution

2. Determination of the Hardness of Water

3. Estimation of Iron in Water

4. Determination of the Saponification Value of An Oil

5. Determination of the Iodine Value of An Oil

6. Use of the Ph Meter

7. Use of Ph Indicators in Acid-Base Titrations

8. Determination of the Nitrogen Content of An Organic Substance by the Kjeldahl Method

9. Paper Chromatography—Principles and Techniques

10. Separation of Amino Acids by Paper Chromatography

11. Thin Layer Chromatography

12. Chromatography On Ion-Exchange Paper

13. Separation of Amino Acids by Paper Electrophoresis

14. Identification of N-Terminal Amino Acids by the 'Dansyl' Method

15. The Spekker Photo-Electric Absorptiometer

16. Determination of the Cystine Content of a Protein

17. Determination of the Tyrosine Content of a Protein

Part 2. Experiments On Proteins

18. The Milling of Wool Fabrics

19. Supercontraction of Wool

20. The Acid Combining Value of Untreated and Acetylated Wool

21. Rendering Wool Resistant To Acid Dyeing

22. The Alkali Solubility of Wool

23. Effect of Breaking Disulphide Cross-Links in Wool

24. Cross-Linking Wool With Formaldehyde

25. Formation of Lanthionine Linkages in Wool

26. Isolation of the α-, β- and ɤ-Keratose Fractions From Oxidized Wool

27. Carbonizing of Wool

28. Chlorination of Wool Fabric

29. A Kinetic Study of the Reaction of Wool With Chlorosulphamic Acid

30. Rendering Wool Non-Felting with Chlorosulphamic Acid

31. Shrinkproofing Wool by Interfacial Polymerization of Polyamides

32. Properties and Reactions of Silk

Part 3. Experiments On Carbohydrates

33. Preparation of α- and β-Glucose Penta-Acetates

34. Preparation of Cellobiose Octa-Acetate From Cellulose

35. Preparation of Cellobiose From Cellobiose Octa-Acetate

36. Determination of α-, β- and ɤ-Cellulose

37. Absorption of Methylene Blue by Cellulose

38. Fluidity of Cellulose in Cuprammonium Hydroxide Solution

39. Determination of the Copper Number of Cellulose

40. Mercerizing of Cotton

41. Preparation of Cellulose Triacetate and Its Hydrolysis to Secondary Acetates

42. Preparation and Analysis of Cellulose Acetate-Stearate

43. End-Group Analysis of Starch by Periodate Oxidation

Part 4. Experiments On Synthetic Polymers

44. Preparation of a Urea-Formaldehyde Resin

45. Preparation of Polystyrene

46. Polymerisation of Acrylonitrile

47. Preparation of Nylon 66 and Nylon 610

48. Identification of the Hydrolysis Products of Nylon 66

49. Identification of the Hydrolysis Product of Nylon 6

50. Chromatographic Identification of Nylons

51. Properties of Polyester Fibres


Table of Atomic Weights

Four Figure Logarithmic Tables


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© Butterworth-Heinemann 1971
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About the Author

Christopher Earland

David J. Raven

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