Experiments in Environmental Chemistry - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080240091, 9781483137483

Experiments in Environmental Chemistry

1st Edition

A Laboratory Manual

Authors: P D Vowles D W Connell
eBook ISBN: 9781483137483
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1980
Page Count: 110
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Experiments in Environmental Chemistry presents experimental activities that provide practical, first hand experience in the observation of chemical processes occurring in the environment. A variety of techniques with applications in governmental laboratories, industry, and research are described. The experiments are divided into five parts: biochemical processes in aquatic systems; toxic substances in the environment; food additives and contaminants; chemical ecology; and field surveys. This book is divided into five sections and begins with a discussion on the transformations of carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, and energy in aquatic systems. Various aspects of environmental chemistry including photosynthesis, respiration, biogeochemical cycling, primary production, plant nutrients, water quality, eutrophication, and wastewater treatment are considered. The next section focuses on a wide assortment of environmental contaminants in terms of their behavior and occurrence in various sectors of the environment. In this section, the reader is introduced to gas chromatography, atomic absorption spectroscopy, thin layer chromotography, column chromatography, and techniques for the measurement of atmospheric contaminants. Food and the occurrence of foreign substances that result from deliberate additions or other processes are also analyzed, along with chemical compounds such as allelochemicals, pheromones, and chemical defense substances. This monograph will be a valuable resource for environmental chemists.

Table of Contents

Preface Introduction Part 1 Biochemical Processes in Aquatic Systems 1.1 Photosynthesis, Respiration and Biochemical Oxygen Demand 1.2 Eutrophication 1.3 Sewage Treatment - A Field Trip Part 2 Toxic Substances in the Environment 2.1 Insecticides in Cigarette Smoke 2.2 Gas Chromatography of Volatile Hydrocarbons 2.3 Toxicity of Copper Ions toward Aquatic Biota 2.4 Lead in Household Paint 2.5 Atmospheric Pollutants Part 3 Food Additives and Contaminants 3.1 Aflatoxins in Peanuts 3.2 Food Additives 3.3 Erucic Acid Content of Bread 3.4 DDT in Human Milk Part 4 Chemical Ecology 4.1 Chemical Defense of the Monarch Butterfly Part 5 Field Survey 5.1 Stream Pollution Subject Index


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About the Author

P D Vowles

D W Connell

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