Experiments for Living Chemistry

Experiments for Living Chemistry

1st Edition - January 1, 1977

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  • Author: David Ucko
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323160209

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Description

Experiments for Living Chemistry provides practical, ""hands-on"" experiments illustrating the concepts, substances, and techniques that are important to students in the health-related sciences. Many of these experiments are based on physiological substances to show students how chemical principles apply to the functioning of their own bodies, while other experiments use cut-outs to help students visualize such complex concepts as bonding and protein synthesis. This book is organized into 23 chapters that correspond on a chapter by chapter basis with the Living Chemistry textbook. The first five chapters include discussions on matter, measurement, chemical bonding, compounds, chemical change, gases, and respiration. The subsequent chapters deal with water, solutions, acids, bases, salts, hydrocarbons, and nuclear and organic chemistry. Other chapters explore the oxygen and other derivatives of the hydrocarbons, carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, enzymes, and digestion. Considerable chapters are devoted to the metabolism of carbohydrate, energy, lipid, and proteins. The remaining chapters examine the heredity and protein synthesis, vitamins, hormones, body fluids, drugs, and poisons. At the end of each chapter, there are sets of questions designed to help the student relate the laboratory experiments to the textbook and to the lecture portion of the course. Each experiment in the chapter has a corresponding question set that should be answered only after the experiment has been completed. This book is an invaluable study guide to chemistry teachers and undergraduate students.

Table of Contents


  • Safety Rules

    Common Laboratory Equipment

    1 Matter and measurement

    To measure lengths in the metric system

    To measure volumes in the metric system using a graduated cylinder

    To measure the mass of objects using a balance

    To calculate the densities of solids and liquids

    To operate a Bunsen burner

    To measure temperatures in the Celsius system

    Questions

    2 The composition of matter

    To demonstrate an understanding of atomic structure by completing a worksheet

    To identify examples of elements

    To demonstrate an understanding of the periodic table

    Questions

    3 Chemical bonding

    To demonstrate the formation of covalent and ionic bonds

    To test for the presence of certain ions

    Questions

    4 Compounds and chemical change

    To compare the properties of a mixture and a compound

    To carry out chemical reactions

    To demonstrate the law of conservation of mass

    Questions

    5 Gases and respiration

    To observe properties of gases

    To prepare oxygen

    To prepare carbon dioxide and observe its properties

    Questions

    6 Water

    To observe the properties of water

    To purify water using different methods

    To convert hard water to soft water using an ion-exchange resin

    Questions

    7 Solutions

    To determine the relative solubilities of solids and liquids

    To prepare solutions of known concentration

    To prepare examples of colloids

    To observe the effects of osmosis and dialysis

    Questions

    8 Acids, bases, and salts

    To observe the effects of pH on the colors of indicators

    To observe the properties of acids

    To perform a titration of gastric juice

    To observe the effect of a buffer solution

    Questions

    9 Nuclear chemistry and radiation

    To measure radioactivity using a Geiger counter

    To print a photograph

    Questions

    10 Organic Chemistry-hydrocarbons

    To build ball-and-stick models of hydrocarbon molecules

    To observe reactions of hydrocarbons

    Questions

    11 Oxygen derivatives of the hydrocarbons

    To observe the properties of and perform chemical reactions involving alcohols

    To observe properties of and perform reactions involving carboxylic acids

    To prepare esters by reacting alcohols with carboxylic acids

    Questions

    12 Other organic derivatives and polymers

    To observe the chemical properties of amides

    To prepare a polymer-nylon

    Questions

    13 Carbohydrates

    To perform tests for carbohydrates

    To test urine for the presence of carbohydrates

    To carry out the hydrolysis of carbohydrates

    Questions

    14 Lipids

    To observe the properties of lipids

    To prepare soap by saponification

    To perform tests for cholesterol

    Questions

    15 Proteins

    To perform tests for proteins

    To isolate a protein, casein, from milk

    To separate amino acids by paper chromatography

    To denature a protein

    Questions

    16 Enzymes and digestion

    To digest starch with an enzyme from saliva

    To determine amylase activity

    Questions

    17 Energy and carbohydrate metabolism

    To perform a test for lactic acid

    To perform a quantitative test for glucose using a spectrophotometer

    Questions

    18 Metabolism of lipids

    To perform tests for ketone bodies

    To determine the fat content of a food sample

    To record the caloric intake of one day's diet

    Questions

    19 Metabolism of proteins

    To prepare urea

    To test for proteins in urine

    To test for uric acid

    Questions

    20 Heredity and protein synthesis

    To isolate ribonucleic acid and test for its components

    To test for phenylpyruvic acid

    To determine the arrangement of a tetrapeptide based on a DNA sequence

    Questions

    21 Vitamins and hormones

    To analyze a daily diet for vitamin content

    To test the vitamin C content of foods

    Questions

    22 Chemistry of the body fluids

    To test urine for several components

    To determine the percent of mineral in milk

    Questions

    23 Drugs and poisons

    To test for the presence of drugs

    To isolate caffeine from a cola drink

    To test food for an additive

    Questions

    Appendix A Equipment

    Appendix B Chemicals

    Appendix C Periodic Table

    Appendix D International table of atomic weights




Product details

  • No. of pages: 207
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1977
  • Published: January 1, 1977
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323160209

About the Author

David Ucko

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