Experimental Methods in Catalytic Research - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780120586509, 9781483191409

Experimental Methods in Catalytic Research

1st Edition

Physical Chemistry: A Series of Monographs

Editors: Robert B. Anderson
eBook ISBN: 9781483191409
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1968
Page Count: 512
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Description

Experimental Methods in Catalytic Research, Volume I provides a useful account of procedures in various areas of catalytic research. This book describes the method and its fundamental principles, the apparatus used, the data obtained and their interpretation, and the account of the special problems related to catalytic research. Organized into 11 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the kinetic phenomena such as quantitative studies of reaction rate and factors influencing rate. This text then examines the general properties that are of major importance to catalysis since catalytic rates depend mainly on available active surface. Other chapters consider the detailed mechanism of any catalytic reaction, which include the electronic structure of the chemisorption bond. This book discusses as well several experimental methods developed to study surface reactions under highly idealized conditions. The final chapter deals with the phenomenon associated with the spin of an electron. This book is a valuable resource for chemical engineers.

Table of Contents


List of Contributors

Preface

1. Kinetics of Catalytic Reactions

I. Introduction

II. Definition of Reaction Rate and Selectivity

III. Types of Small Experimental Reactors

IV. Some Details of Small Reactor Systems

V. Notes on Catalytic Kinetics Experiments

References

2. Determination of Surface Area and Pore Structure of Catalysts

I. Introduction

II. Physical Adsorption Methods

III. Mercury Intrusion Methods

IV. Chemisorption Methods

V. X-Ray Methods

VI. Microscopic Methods

VII. Radioactive Isotope Methods

VIII. Flow Rate and Diffusion Methods

IX. Miscellaneous Methods

X. Comparison of Methods

XI. Molecular Size Pore Materials

List of Symbols

References

3. Surface Potentials

I. General Principles

II. Principles of Measurement of Work Functions and the Surface Potential .

III. Experimental Methods

IV. Applications to Catalytic Problems

References

4. Field Electron and Field Ion Emission Microscopy

I. Introduction

II. Field Emission Microscopy

III. Field Ion Microscopy

IV. Summary

V. Appendix

References

5. Chemisorption in Ultrahigh Vacuum Systems

I. Introduction

II. Flash Desorption Spectrometry

III. Evaporated Films

IV. Concluding Remarks

References

6. Low Energy Electron Diffraction

I. Introduction

II. Apparatus

III. The Clean Surface

IV. Applications to the Study of Surface Reactions

References

7. Measurements of Semiconductivity, Photoconductivity, and Associated Properties of Catalysts

I. Electrical Conductivity

II. Photocatalytic Phenomena and Measurements of Photoconductivity

III. Thermal Glow Curves

IV. Hall Coefficient Measurements

V. Photoelectromagnetic Effect

VI. Thermoelectric Phenomena: Seebeck Effect

VII. Summary

References

8. Spectra of Adsorbed Species

I. Introduction

II. Vibrational Spectra

III. Electronic Spectra

References

9. Measurement of Acidity of Surfaces

I. Introduction

II. Aqueous Methods

III. Nonaqueous Liquid Phase Methods

IV. Adsorption from the Gas Phase

V. Hydrogen-Deuterium Exchange Reactions

VI. Indicator Reactions

VII. Optical Spectroscopy

VIII. Newer, Less Commonly Applied Methods

IX. Summary

References

10. Conventional Magnetic Methods in Catalysis

I. Forms of Magnetism

II. Force Produced by Magnetism

III. Techniques

IV. Applications

V. Conclusions

List of Symbols

References

11. Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy

I. Introduction

II. Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy

III. Resonance in Solids

IV. Anisotropic Effects

V. Applications to Catalysis

VI. Summary

References

Author Index

Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
512
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1968
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483191409

About the Editor

Robert B. Anderson

Affiliations and Expertise

Chief, Foot and Ankle Service, Vice-chair, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Carolinas Medical Center, OrthoCarolina Foot and Ankle Institute, Charlotte, North Carolina; Past-president, American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society

Ratings and Reviews