Experimental Approaches and Applications - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780121969028, 9781483268309

Experimental Approaches and Applications

1st Edition

Editors: Bernd Crasemann
eBook ISBN: 9781483268309
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th January 1975
Page Count: 232
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Description

Atomic Inner-Shell Processes, Volume II: Experimental Approaches and Applications focuses on the physics of atomic inner shells, with emphasis on experimental aspects including the use of radioactive atoms for studies of atomic transition probabilities. Surveys of modern techniques of electron and photon spectrometry are also presented, and selected practical applications of inner-shell processes are outlined.

Comprised of six chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the general principles underlying the experimental techniques that make use of radioactive isotopes for inner-shell transition measurements. The discussion then turns to electron spectrometry, its instrumentation as well as basic and operational principles; X-ray diffraction spectrometry, paying particular attention to types of X-ray spectrometers and general characteristics of crystal spectrometers; spectrometry with solid-state detectors; and proportional-counter spectrometry. The final chapter considers some practical applications of inner-shell ionization phenomena, with particular reference to X-ray fluorescence analysis and astrophysics.

This book should be valuable to physicists and other scientists who plan to engage in research on atomic inner-shell processes.

Table of Contents


List of Contributors

Contents of Volume I

Preface

1 Inner-Shell Transition Measurements with Radioactive Atoms

1.1. Introduction

1.2. Fluorescence, Auger, and Coster-Kronig Yields

1.3. Decay of Double Inner-Shell Vacancy States

1.4. Auger-Electron Intensities

1.5. Relative X-Ray Intensities

1.6. Measurement of Widths

1.7. Directional Correlations

References

2 Electron Spectrometry

2.1. Introduction

2.2. Instrumentation

2.3. Some Basic and Operational Principles

2.4. Photoelectron Spectrometry

2.5. Auger-Electron Spectrometry

2.6. The All-Electron Experiment

2.7. Miscellaneous

References

3 X-Ray Diffraction Spectrometry

3.1. Introduction

3.2. Types of X-Ray Spectrometers

3.3. General Characteristics of Crystal Spectrometers

3.4. Diffraction by a Plane Crystal

3.5. Instrumental Effects in Two-Crystal Spectrometers

3.6. Instrumental Effects in Bent-Crystal Spectrometers

References

4 Spectrometry with Solid-State Detectors

4.1. Introduction

4.2. Basic Characteristics of X-Ray and Electron Spectrometers

4.3. X-Ray Spectrometers

4.4. Electron Spectrometers

4.5. Concluding Remarks

References

5 Proportional-Counter Spectrometry

5.1. Introduction

5.2. Gas Multiplication

5.3. Energy Resolution

5.4. Risetime and Pulse Shape

5.5. Wall Effects

5.6. Spurious Counts and Afterpulses

5.7. Single-Electron Spectrometry

5.8. Spectrometry of Few-Electron Events

5.9. Position-Sensitive Proportional Counters

5.10. Proportional Counters with Special Innovations and Applications

5.11. Conclusion

References

6 Some Practical Applications of Inner-Shell Ionization Phenomena

6.1. Introduction

6.2. X-Ray Fluorescence Analysis

6.3. Astrophysical Applications

References

Author Index

Subject Index


Details

No. of pages:
232
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1975
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483268309

About the Editor

Bernd Crasemann