Expanding Horizon of Cyanobacterial Biology

Expanding Horizon of Cyanobacterial Biology

1st Edition - June 26, 2022

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  • Editors: Prashant Singh, Maria Fillat, Viji Sitther, Ajay Kumar
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323912020
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323984614

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Description

Expanding Horizon of Cyanobacterial Biology discusses the different aspects of cyanobacteria cyanobacterial application, providing a better understanding of cyanobacterial metabolism. Chapters deal with cyanobacteria applications and explore how to exploit cyanobacterial metabolism for industrial applications. Sections cover cyanobacterial applications for the production of nanoparticles, cyanobacterial diversity, and the characterization of different assemblages such as cyanolichens and cyanobacterial endophytes, along with their ecological, morphological and physiological aspects. In addition, bioactive compounds and their applications are explored. Increasing attention has been paid by scientists across the globe to Cyanobacteria as they are ubiquitous microbes and, undoubtedly, an important organism in terms of carbon as well as nitrogen fixation. However, the research on these organisms is limited in terms of their diversity and distribution across the globe.

Key Features

  • Provides background knowledge for researchers concerned with cyanobacterial diversity and characterization of different assemblages
  • Describes the exploitation possibility of cyanobacterial species for human welfare
  • Discusses the different aspects of cyanobacteria, cyanobacterial application and better understanding of cyanobacterial metabolism
  • Deals with the exploitation of cyanobacteria and their mats for bioremediation purposes
  • Includes cyanobacterial nanotechnology and its applications in industry and allied sectors

Readership

Research purposes for the university as well as institutions and students interested in microbiology, life sciences, agricultural sciences, biochemistry, biotechnology, molecular biology, and plant sciences at both graduate and postgraduate levels. Microbiologists, ecologists, physiologists, plant biologists, environmentalists, molecular biologists, agronomists, pharmacologist and related researchers, who want to work in the field of cyanobacterial and plant researchers

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Contributors
  • About the Editors
  • Chapter 1: Recent trends of polyphasic approach in taxonomy and cyanobacterial diversity
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1.1: Introduction
  • 1.2: The modern polyphasic approach for cyanobacteria identification
  • 1.3: New/changes in taxonomy adapted to the modern polyphasic approaches
  • 1.4: Metagenomic studies integrated with the polyphasic approach (the whole genome as a genetic marker)
  • 1.5: Utility of polyphasic approaches on biodiversity studies based on amplicon metagenomics
  • 1.6: Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 2: Interactions amoeba-cyanobacteria: From grazing to organelle endosymbiosis
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 2.1: Introduction
  • 2.2: The amoeba-cyanobacterium predator-prey system
  • 2.3: Use of amoeba to reduce toxic cyanobacterial blooms
  • 2.4: Amoeba-resistant cyanobacteria
  • 2.5: The case of Paulinella chromatophora
  • References
  • Chapter 3: Bioactive compounds and pigments from cyanobacteria: Applications in the pharmaceutical industry
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 3.1: Introduction
  • 3.2: Cyanotoxins for anticancer applications
  • 3.3: Cyanobacterial metabolites and their applications
  • 3.4: Anticancer pharmaceutical applications of cyanobacteria
  • 3.5: Cyanotoxins in clinical trials
  • 3.6: Cyanobacterial pigments for anticancer applications
  • 3.7: Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 4: Cyanobacterial biofilms: Formation, distribution, and applications
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 4.1: Formation of cyanobacterial biofilms
  • 4.2: Distribution and ecological roles of cyanobacterial biofilms
  • 4.3: Biotechnological applications of cyanobacterial biofilms
  • 4.4: New avenues of research: Mars colonization
  • 4.5: Current limitations and future perspectives
  • References
  • Chapter 5: Adaptation of cyanobacterial photosynthesis to metal constraints
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 5.1: Introduction
  • 5.2: Limitations and adaptations of the photosynthetic apparatus of cyanobacteria to iron restrictions
  • 5.3: Analysis of the photosynthetic function in vivo
  • 5.4: Alternative soluble carriers of the photosynthetic chain
  • 5.5: Concluding remarks
  • References
  • Chapter 6: Exploring genetic tools for cyanobacteria and their application for biofuels production
  • Abstract
  • 6.1: Introduction
  • 6.2: Cyanobacterial strains for genetic engineering: Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002
  • 6.3: CyanoGate
  • 6.4: SyneBrick vectors for Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942
  • 6.5: CRISPR/Cpf1 genome editing in cyanobacteria
  • 6.6: Regulatory tools controlling gene expression in cyanobacteria
  • 6.7: Light-inducible gene expression in cyanobacteria
  • 6.8: Cyanobacteria and genetic instability
  • 6.9: Cyanobacteria for feedstock production
  • 6.10: Cultivation of cyanobacteria for biofuel production
  • 6.11: Production of acetyl-CoA-derived fuels and chemicals in cyanobacteria
  • 6.12: Isoprene synthesis by cyanobacteria
  • 6.13: Cyanobacteria and plant bioengineering
  • 6.14: Heterologous production of cyanobacterial products
  • 6.15: Challenges of genetic modifications of cyanobacteria
  • References
  • Chapter 7: Oxidative stress in cyanobacteria: Sources, mitigation, and defense
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 7.1: Introduction
  • 7.2: ROS causes oxidative stress
  • 7.3: Sources of oxidative stress in cyanobacteria
  • 7.4: Conditions that lead to ROS production
  • 7.5: Targets of ROS in cyanobacteria
  • 7.6: ROS induced damage to cyanobacterial physiology
  • 7.7: Mitigation against oxidative stress
  • 7.8: Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 8: Cyanobacteria as agents of phycoremediation in integrated multitrophic aquaculture (IMTA)
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 8.1: Bioremediation and phycoremediation
  • 8.2: Cyanobacteria as agents of phycoremediation
  • 8.3: Sustainable aquaculture and applications of cyanobacteria as phycoremediation agents in integrated multitrophic aquaculture (IMTA)
  • 8.4: Biorefinery with seaweeds and cyanobacteria
  • 8.5: Culturing cyanobacteria for IMTA systems—A case study of a cyanobacterium, Arthrospira maxima (cyanobacterium)
  • 8.6: Concluding remarks
  • References
  • Chapter 9: Cyanobacteria-derived bioactive compounds: A beneficial aspects
  • Abstract
  • 9.1: Introduction
  • 9.2: Biologically active compounds from Cyanobacteria and its applications in pharmaceuticals
  • 9.3: Applications of Cyanobacteria-derived bioactive compounds in cosmetics and cosmeceuticals
  • 9.4: Bioactive compounds from Cyanobacteria and its applications in agriculture
  • 9.5: Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 10: Cyanolichens: An evolutionary perspective
  • Abstract
  • 10.1: Introduction
  • 10.2: Cyanolichens and symbionts diversity
  • 10.3: Threatened cyanolichen species
  • 10.4: Endophytic fungal associations with lichens
  • 10.5: Conclusion
  • References
  • Further reading
  • Chapter 11: Modern strategy of cyanobacterial biohydrogen production and current approaches toward its enhancement
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 11.1: Introduction
  • 11.2: Background about the researches
  • 11.3: Hydrogen production by cyanobacterial cells
  • 11.4: Cyanobacterial hydrogen synthesizing enzymes
  • 11.5: Modern strategies to enhance hydrogen production by cyanobacterial cells
  • 11.6: New trends and possibilities for the improvement of cyanobacterial biohydrogen
  • 11.7: Economic evaluation of cyanobacterial hydrogen production
  • 11.8: The advantages and disadvantages of cyanobacterial hydrogen production
  • 11.9: Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 12: Dynamics of cyanobacteria in two thermal water bodies of the Western Ghats
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 12.1: Introduction
  • 12.2: Sampling and analysis
  • 12.3: Discussion
  • 12.4: Epilogue
  • References
  • Chapter 13: Microalgae-mediated wastewater treatment and enrichment of wastewater-cultivated biomass for biofuel production
  • Abstract
  • Declaration of competing interest
  • Credit author statement
  • Acknowledgments
  • 13.1: Introduction
  • 13.2: Nutrient profile of different types of wastewater
  • 13.3: Biochemical mechanism mediated wastewater treatment
  • 13.4: Advantages of microalgae-mediated wastewater treatment
  • 13.5: Microalgae cultivation methods
  • 13.6: Harvesting methods
  • 13.7: Microalgal biomass consumption for the production of different forms of biofuel
  • 13.8: Major challenges associated with wastewater remediation
  • 13.9: Microalgal biofuel production through biotechnological intervention
  • 13.10: Future perspectives and conclusion
  • References
  • Further reading
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 298
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2022
  • Published: June 26, 2022
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323912020
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323984614

About the Editors

Prashant Singh

Dr. Prashant Kumar Singh is currently working as a Visiting Scientist in the Department of Vegetables and Field Crops, Institute of Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization - The Volcani Centre, Israel. He has published papers in reputed international journals such as Aquatic toxicology, Journal of Proteomics, Biochemical and Biophysical Acta, Functional and Integrative Genomics, Frontiers in Plant Sciences, BMC-Plant Biology, Gene, Archives of Microbiology, Journal of Basic Micro Biology, Acta Crystallography and various book chapters in Taylors and Francis Group as well as Elsevier publishing group. He completed his Ph.D. degree on title “Cadmium-induced changes in the proteome of three Anabaena species and molecular characterization Alr2954 for decoding its role in abiotic stress management in E. coli”. He used a variety of techniques beginning with physiology, biochemistry, proteomics, genomics, metabolomics, and bioinformatics to understand the mechanism of differential cadmium survival in three diazotrophic Anabaena species. Dr. Singh also has exposure to various national (Department of Biophysics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi) and International institutes (Henan University, China). Dr. Singh has also been awarded a Young Scientist Award and lifetime members of various scientific societies such as International Plant Proteomics Organisation, American Society of Plant Biologists, Plantae community, Member on Board of the Association of Polar Early Career Scientists (APEC), Member of Society for Experimental Biology, etc.

Affiliations and Expertise

Visiting Scientist, Department of Vegetables and Field Crops, Institute of Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization - The Volcani Centre, Rishon LeZion, Israel

Maria Fillat

María F. Fillat earned the Ph.D. degree in Sciences (University of Zaragoza, Spain) in 1988. She completed her instruction as PhD student at the University of Konstanz (Germany) and Emory University (GA, USA) studying the role of flavoproteins flavodoxin and ferredoxin-NADP+ reductase in photosynthetic electron transport and nitrogen fixation in cyanobacteria. From 1989 to 1991, Dr. Fillat worked as a post-doctoral fellow at the University of Utrecht (The Netherlands) where she studied several aspects of molecular genetics in cyanobacteria. Since 2000, Dr. Fillat´s work is mainly focused in the functional study of FUR (ferric uptake regulation) proteins in cyanobacteria. She was promoted to Associate Professor in 1999 and Professor in 2012.

Affiliations and Expertise

Full Professor of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of Zaragoza, Spain

Viji Sitther

Dr. Viji Sitther serves as a professor of biology at Morgan State University, USA. Her research specializes on the genetic manipulation of cyanobacteria and use of nanotechnological approaches for sustainable energy applications. She holds M.Phil., Ph.D. degrees in the biological sciences, and has more than 20 years of research experience. Her efforts to genetically engineer genes for salt tolerance and lipid production, and the use of plasmon-resonant nanomaterial for improved light capture have led to patents, and a start-up company, “HaloCyTech” reliant on the technology has been formed.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Biology, Morgan State University, USA

Ajay Kumar

Dr. Ajay Kumar is a visiting scientist at the Department of Postharvest Science, Agriculture Research Organization, Volcani Center, Rishon LeZion, Israel. He has published extensively in leading International and National journals or books. He has wide area of research experience, especially in the field of Plant-Microbe Interactions, Microbial biocontrol, and Endophytes related with the medicinal plants, Postharvest management of fruits. Dr. Kumar has published more than 165 research articles including review papers/book chapters/ books in the leading international journals. He is serving as special issue editors in some journals like “Frontiers in Microbiology, Microorganism” etc. In addition also acting as reviewer in some leading journals like Frontiers group, PLOS ONE, Agriculture, Ecosystem and Environment, International Journal of Molecular Sciences, Biological Control, Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 3Biotech etc. Dr, Kumar has edited several books with leading publishers including Elsevier, Springer, and Taylor and Francis.

Affiliations and Expertise

Visiting scientist at the Department of Postharvest Science in Agriculture Research Organization, Volcani Center, Rishon LeZion, Israel

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