Exercise to Prevent and Manage Chronic Disease Across the Lifespan

Exercise to Prevent and Manage Chronic Disease Across the Lifespan

1st Edition - April 30, 2022

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  • Authors: Jack Feehan, Nicholas Tripodi, Vasso Apostolopoulos
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323898430
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323885768

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Description

Exercise to Prevent and Manage Chronic Disease Across the Lifespan provides evidence-based insights into the clinical utility of exercise in the management of disease across a broad range of specialties and diseases. The book offers research informed strategies for the integration of exercise into standard practice in fields such as neurology, endocrinology, psychiatry and oncology, as well as decision-making pathways and clinical scenarios to advance patient care. The book is divided by specialty and includes clinical scenarios to allow for the integration of information within practice. The book's synthesized research evidence allows practitioners to safely and effectively begin to capitalize on the benefits of exercise in their patients.

Key Features

• Provides broad insights into the evidence-based underpinnings of the use of exercise in a range of common diseases
• Coverage includes the immune system, musculoskeletal disease, oncology, endocrinology, cardiology, respiratory diseases, and more
• Includes a glossary, bibliography and summary figures for quick reference of information

Readership

Exercise Scientists, Exercise Physiologists, Post-graduate level students in exercise science, kinesiology, and exercise physiology. Health Professionals, such as: doctors, nurses, nutritionists and physiotherapists, as well as personal trainers

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Contributors
  • Acknowledgments
  • Part I: Introduction
  • Chapter 1: Introduction
  • Part II: General exercise
  • Chapter 2: Exercise and immunity
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Effects of exercise on inflammatory markers
  • Effects of exercise on immune cells
  • Effects of exercise on cytokines and chemokines
  • The good, the bad, and the ugly
  • Clinical trial summaries and exercise recommendations for boosting the immune system
  • Conclusion and Future Prospects
  • References
  • Chapter 3: Physical activity interventions for culturally and linguistically diverse populations: A critical review
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Methods
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Limitations
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 4: Physical activity adherence: Worldwide trends, barriers and facilitators and tools to improve it
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Physical activity recommendations
  • Global physical inactivity trends
  • Determinants of physical activity
  • Barriers and facilitators
  • Methods to improve physical activity levels
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Part III: Children and early teens
  • Chapter 5: The effects of physical exercise on the brain and neurocognitive functioning during childhood
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • The impact of physical exercise on brain structure and neurophysiological functioning
  • Effects of physical exercise on neurocognitive functioning
  • Effects of physical exercise on academic achievement
  • Practical implications
  • Future research directions
  • Summary—Physical activity recommendations
  • References
  • Chapter 6: Physical activity for young people with mental illness
  • Abstract
  • Adolescents and mental illness
  • Young people and physical activity
  • Physical activity or exercise as a treatment for anxiety in young people
  • Physical activity or exercise as a treatment for psychosis in young people
  • Practice recommendations for clinicians in youth mental health services
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 7: Type 1 diabetes
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Methods of insulin delivery in type 1 diabetes
  • Effects of physical activity and exercise training
  • Impact of sedentary behavior
  • Insulin kinetics and risk of hypoglycemia with exercise
  • Insulin management for aerobic exercise
  • Insulin management for anaerobic exercise
  • Other exercise-related insulin management considerations
  • Hypoglycemia prevention and treatment
  • Additional considerations related to prandial state
  • Exercise recommendations for individuals with T1D of all ages
  • Exercise safety considerations and precautions for all individuals with T1D
  • Setting individualized goals for physical activity
  • Barriers to exercise participation and overcoming obstacles
  • Use of diabetes technology with exercise
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 8: Exercise across the lifespan: Exercise and obesity
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • The effects of exercise on obesity
  • Clinical practice recommendations for exercise prescribers
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 9: Exercise effects in adults with asthma
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Exercise in disease
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 10: Exercise training for people living with HIV
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Exercise in HIV
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Part IV: Middle age
  • Chapter 11: Type 2 diabetes, prediabetes, and gestational diabetes mellitus
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Lifestyle management to treat type 2 diabetes and prediabetes
  • Being physically active with type 2 diabetes or prediabetes
  • Exercise safety considerations and precautions for T2D and PD
  • Treatment of and exercising with gestational diabetes mellitus
  • Exercise recommendations and precautions for GDM
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 12: Exercise in the management of multiple sclerosis
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Beneficial effects of physical activity in individuals with MS
  • How to involve exercise programs in practice for patients with MS
  • Exercise therapy for patients with MS
  • Exercise prescription
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 13: Exercise and menopause
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Exercise for overall health and well-being
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 14: Exercise for chronic pain
  • Abstract
  • The neurobiology of pain
  • The impact of chronic pain
  • Defining pain
  • Pathophysiology
  • Clinical application of exercise as a therapeutic intervention for chronic pain
  • Prescribing exercise for chronic pain
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 15: Exercise in the management of neuropathic pain
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Pathophysiology
  • Diagnosis and classification
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 16: Tendinopathy
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Exercise in disease
  • Rotator cuff tendinopathy
  • Lateral elbow epicondylalgia
  • Gluteal tendinopathy
  • Patella tendinopathy
  • Achilles tendinopathy
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 17: Exercise and depression
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Background
  • Epidemiology/impact
  • Pathophysiology
  • Clinical outcomes
  • Known/potential mechanisms underlying effects
  • Cautions/safety
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 18: Yoga and mental health
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 19: Exercise for chronic heart failure
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Pathophysiology
  • Exercise prescription for CHF
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 20: Exercise interventions in women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Exercise in PCOS
  • Recommendations for exercise prescription
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Part V: Older age
  • Chapter 21: Exercise for the management of osteoarthritis
  • Abstract
  • Epidemiology, societal, and global impact
  • Pathophysiology
  • Exercise for osteoarthritis: A primer
  • The benefits of exercise for osteoarthritis
  • Exercise interventions to manage osteoarthritis
  • Aerobic exercise and osteoarthritis
  • Resistance exercise and osteoarthritis
  • Aquatic exercise and osteoarthritis
  • Aerobic, resistance, or aquatic exercise?
  • Cautions and safety concerns regarding exercise
  • Challenges with exercise prescription in patient management
  • References
  • Chapter 22: Exercise before and after orthopedic surgery
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Improving fitness before orthopedic surgery
  • Exercise after orthopedic surgery
  • Shoulder conditions
  • Rotator cuff disease
  • Shoulder replacement
  • Hip
  • Knee arthroscopy
  • ACL reconstruction
  • Hip and knee replacement
  • References
  • Chapter 23: Exercise in stroke
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Exercise in stroke
  • Safety while exercising following stroke
  • What types of exercise and how much exercise should people do after stroke?
  • Task-specific training
  • Strength exercises
  • Balance exercises
  • Flexibility exercises
  • Aerobic exercises
  • Challenges to exercise following stroke
  • Evaluation
  • Clinical practice recommendations for exercise prescribers
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 24: Chronic respiratory diseases and physical exercise
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Exercise in CRD
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 25: Exercise in cancer
  • Abstract
  • Introduction to cancer
  • General cancer exercise guidelines—Clinical practice recommendations for exercise prescribers
  • Lung cancer
  • Treatment-related side effects
  • Lung cancer and exercise—Clinical practice recommendations for exercise prescribers
  • Pulmonary function
  • Exercise recommendations
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 26: Exercise in the management of motor neuron disease
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Epidemiology
  • Pathophysiology
  • MND phenotypes
  • Clinical presentation and diagnosis
  • Current medical treatments
  • Prognosis
  • Exercise and MND
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 27: Tai Chi exercise to improve balance and prevent falls among older people with dementia
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Tai chi exercise to prevent falls in dementia
  • Exercise interventions
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 28: Osteosarcopenia and exercise
  • Abstract
  • Background
  • Epidemiology
  • Pathophysiology
  • Risk factors
  • Clinical outcomes
  • Definition and clinical assessment
  • Management of osteosarcopenia: A focus on exercise and nutrition
  • Overview of exercise in musculoskeletal syndromes and disease
  • Mechanism of effect—Progressive resistance training (PRT)
  • Mechanism of effect—Balance training
  • Safety, precautions and adverse effects
  • Potential adverse effects of exercise
  • Potential adverse effects of exercise in older persons with osteosarcopenia
  • Clinical practice recommendations for exercise prescribers
  • Future considerations and conclusion
  • Glossary of exercise terminology
  • References
  • Chapter 29: Exercise and older adults receiving home care services
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Exercise and physical activity for older adults receiving home care services
  • Cautions/safety
  • Advice for health professionals
  • References
  • Chapter 30: Exercise in Parkinson’s disease
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • Introduction
  • Exercise in disease
  • Conclusion
  • Glossary
  • References
  • Chapter 31: Exercise and Alzheimer’s disease
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Pathophysiology
  • Clinical manifestations
  • Exercise
  • Exercise and cognitive function
  • Vascular function
  • Physical functioning
  • Behavioral and psychological symptoms
  • Exercise and quality of life
  • Safety and exercise
  • Summary of the benefits of exercise
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 32: Exercise and the elderly: Gait and balance
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • The epidemiology of aging-related falls
  • Changes to gait with aging
  • Aging effects on balance and tripping
  • Exercise interventions for falls prevention
  • Technology-based exercise interventions
  • Summary and recommendations
  • References
  • Chapter 33: Exercise and cognition in aging
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • Introduction
  • Benefits of exercise for cognition in aging
  • Clinical practice recommendations for exercise prescribers
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 480
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2022
  • Published: April 30, 2022
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323898430
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323885768

About the Authors

Jack Feehan

Dr. Jack Feehan completed his Bachelor of Clinical Sciences and Master of Health Science (Osteopathy) at Victoria University. Afterwards he was lucky enough to gain a prestigious research scholarship at Melbourne University where he is investigating potential new treatments for osteoporosis and other degenerative musculoskeletal diseases. Jack enjoys treating patients from all walks of life – from expectant mothers, to athletes, to the elderly and believes Osteopathy can play a key role in maintenance of an active, healthy life. Jack has done additional training in Dry Needling, and both sports and kinesiotape, all of which he uses extensively in practice. Jack has a keen interest in the management of chronic complaints, as well as a long history of working with athletes and dancers and enjoys the challenge and reward of working to tailor individual approaches to ensure the best outcomes for his patients.

Affiliations and Expertise

Sessional Lecturer, Victoria University, Osteopath, Camberwell Osteopathic Clinic, Melbourne, Australia

Nicholas Tripodi

Nicholas Tripodi graduated from Victoria University with a Bachelor of Science and a Masters of Health Science (Osteopathy) and is a fully qualified and registered Osteopath with the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA) and Osteopathy Australia. He is also a qualified strength and conditioning coach. A keen triathlete himself, Nicholas has a strong interest in treating and rehabilitating all forms of sporting injuries, which he has gained through working with many athletes, both amateur and professional. He also has an interest in the effects of nutrition on musculoskeletal injures and physical health in general. He is also proficient in screening and analysis of cycling, swimming and strength training-related injuries. Nicholas very committed to continuing and improving his professional education; he is employed as a lecturer at Victoria University and regularly attends sports medicine conferences and courses.

Affiliations and Expertise

Osteopath, Competitive Sports Clinic, Melbourne, Australia

Vasso Apostolopoulos

Over 25 years experience in research and research training in the area of vaccine formulations development for chronic diseases with translational focus. In addition, extensive clinical research background, translating research from in vitro to animal models to human clinical trials to commercialization, and expertise with consulting and being on the board of pharmaceutical companies. Research has been multidisciplinary in the areas of, immunology, medicinal chemistry, biochemistry, crystallography, antigen delivery systems, vaccine design, neurology, clinical research, drug development and commercialization. Over 450 publications in immunology and/or vaccines, 18 patents and over 80 sub-patents and is an editor or on the editorial board of a number of journals. A selection of 20 articles are shown below published in the last 1 year.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor and Vice Chancellor, Research Partnerships; Program Leader – Mechanisms and Interventions in Health and Disease, Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia

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