Exercise-Cognition Interaction - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128007785, 9780128011485

Exercise-Cognition Interaction

1st Edition

Neuroscience Perspectives

Editors: Terry McMorris
eBook ISBN: 9780128011485
Hardcover ISBN: 9780128007785
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 15th December 2015
Page Count: 504
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Description

Exercise-Cognition Interaction: Neuroscience Perspectives is the only book on the market that examines the neuroscientific correlation between exercise and cognitive functioning. The upsurge in research in recent years has confirmed that cognitive-psychology theory cannot account for the effects of exercise on cognition, and both acute and chronic exercise effect neurochemical and psychophysiological changes in the brain that, in turn, affect cognitive functioning.

This book provides an overview of the research into these effects, from theoretical research through current studies that emphasize neuroscientific theories and rationales. It addition, users will find a thorough examination of the effects of exercise interventions on cognitive functioning in special populations, including the elderly, children, and those suffering from a variety of diseases, including  schizophrenia, diabetes, and an array of neurological disorders.

With contributions from leading researchers in the field, this book will be the go-to resource for neuroscientists, psychologists, medical professionals, and other researchers who need an understanding of the role exercise plays in cognitive functioning.

Key Features

  • Provides a comprehensive account of how exercise affects brain functioning, which in turn affects cognition
  • Covers both theory and empirical research
  • Presents a thorough examination of the effects of exercise interventions on cognitive functioning in special populations, including the elderly, children, and those suffering from a variety of diseases
  • Examines neurochemical, psychophysiological, and genetic factors
  • Covers acute and chronic exercise

Readership

Researchers and graduate students in neuroscience, cognitive neuroscience, general psychology, occupational psychology, medicine, developmental neuroscience, and gerontology

Table of Contents

  • Chapter 1. History of Research into the Acute Exercise–Cognition Interaction: A Cognitive Psychology Approach
    • Introduction
    • Empirical Research
    • Discussion
    • Conclusion
  • Chapter 2. The History of Research on Chronic Physical Activity and Cognitive Performance
    • Introduction
    • Research with Older Adults
    • Research with Children
    • Research with Young Adults
    • Theoretical Approaches
    • Mechanisms and Mediators
    • Moderators
    • Conclusions
  • Chapter 3. Animal Models of Exercise–Brain Interactions
    • Introduction
    • Rodent Exercise Models
    • Neurological Effects of Exercise
    • Exercise and the Hippocampus
    • Functional Significance of Exercise-Induced Adult Neurogenesis
    • Conclusions
  • Chapter 4. Beyond the Catecholamines Hypothesis for an Acute Exercise–Cognition Interaction: A Neurochemical Perspective
    • Introduction
    • Catecholamines and the Acute Exercise–Cognition Interaction
    • HPA Axis Hormones and the Exercise–Cognition Interaction
    • Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor
    • Conclusion
  • Chapter 5. Acute Exercise and Event-Related Potential: Current Status and Future Prospects
    • Introduction
    • Event-Related Potentials
    • ERPs Following Exercise: Immediate Effects
    • ERPs Following Exercise: Delayed Effects
    • Future Considerations of Acute Exercise and ERPs
    • Conclusions
  • Chapter 6. Acute Exercise and Cognition: Effects of Cerebral Oxygenation and Blood Flow
    • Introduction
    • Cerebral Oxygenation and Cerebral Blood Flow during Exercise
    • Cognitive Function: The Effects of Cerebral Oxygenation and Cerebral Blood Flow
    • Cognitive Function under Hypoxia
    • Summary
  • Chapter 7. The Reticular-Activating Hypofrontality (RAH) Model of Acute Exercise: Current Data and Future Perspectives
    • Introduction
    • Two Complementary Mechanisms Induced by Exercise
    • Main Predictions of the RAH Model
    • Arguments for a Facilitating Effect of In-Task Exercise on Tasks Tapping Implicit Processes
    • Arguments for a Deactivation of Prefrontal Areas during Vigorous Exercise
    • Arguments for a Detrimental Effect of In-Task Exercise on Tasks Tapping Executive and Explicit Processes
    • Limitations and Future Perspectives of the RAH Model
  • Chapter 8. Chronic Exercise and Cognition in Humans: A Review of the Evidence for a Neurochemical Basis
    • Introduction
    • BDNF and the Chronic Exercise–Cognition Interaction
    • Catecholamines and the Chronic Exercise–Cognition Interaction
    • HPA Axis Hormones and the Chronic Exercise–Cognition Interaction
    • Discussion
    • Future Research
    • Conclusion
  • Chapter 9. The Chronic Exercise–Cognition Interaction: fMRI Research
    • Physical Activity Promotes Better Mental Health but How Remains an Open Question
    • A Brief Review of Theoretical Models on the Mechanistic Relationship between Physical Activity and Mental Health
    • Introduction to fMRI as a Tool in Human Neuroscience
    • The Use of fMRI to Test Theories that Link Physical Activity and Mental Health
    • Summary and Outstanding Questions
  • Chapter 10. Physical Activity, Fitness, and Cognition: Insights from Neuroelectric Studies
    • Introduction
    • P3
    • Contingent negative variation (CNV)
    • Error-related negativity (ERN)
    • Other ERP Components and EEG Techniques
    • Conclusions
  • Chapter 11. Effects of Athletic Fitness on the Exercise–Cognition Interaction
    • Introduction
    • Defining Fitness
    • Standardizing Exercise Stress
    • Neurochemical and Morphological Responses to Training
    • Summary
    • Exercise Effects on Cognition in Athletes
    • Conclusions
  • Chapter 12. “Cogito ergo sum” or “ambulo ergo sum”? New Perspectives in Developmental Exercise and Cognition Research
    • Introduction
    • The Chronic Exercise–Cognition Interaction in Children and Adolescents
    • The Acute Exercise–Cognition Interaction in Children and Adolescents
    • The Chicken-and-Egg Problem in Motor and Cognitive Developmental Trajectories
    • Toward an Integrated View on Cognition and “E-motion” in Physical Activity
    • Bridging Theory and Practice: From Neuroscience to Translational Research
  • Chapter 13. Acute Exercise and Cognition in Children and Adolescents: The Roles of Testosterone and Cortisol
    • Introduction
    • The HPA and HPG Axes in Response to Stress
    • Effects of Acute Bouts of Exercise on Cognition
    • Conclusion
  • Chapter 14. The Chronic Exercise–Cognition Interaction in Older Adults
    • Introduction to Exercise and Cognition in Older Adults
    • Normal Aging of Cognitive Functions and the Brain
    • Methodological Approaches to Investigate the Exercise–Cognition Relationship
    • The Physical Activity–Brain and Cognition–Relationship
    • Cellular and Molecular Correlates of Exercise–Cognition Interaction in Older Adults
    • Dose–Response Relations
    • Limitations in Studies Investigating the Exercise–Cognition Relationship in Older Adults
  • Chapter 15. The Chronic Exercise–Cognition Interaction and Parkinson Disease
    • Causes and Symptoms of Parkinson Disease
    • The Effects of PD on Cognition
    • The Effects of Exercise on Cognition
    • The Effects of Exercise on Cognition in PD
    • Future Research and Practical Application
  • Chapter 16. The Chronic Exercise–Cognition Interaction and Dementia and Alzheimer’s Disease
    • Introduction
    • The Chronic Physical Exercise–Cognition Interaction in Dementia
    • The Chronic Physical Exercise–Cognition Interaction in Alzheimer’s Disease
    • Neurobiological Mechanisms of Physical Exercise Related to Cognition and Mental Health
    • Final Considerations
  • Chapter 17. The Chronic Exercise–Cognition Interaction and Diabetes
    • Introduction
    • Diabetes Mellitus and Metabolic Deterioration
    • The Diabetic Brain
    • Can Physical Activity Affect the Diabetic Brain?
    • Conclusion
  • Chapter 18. The Exercise–Cognition Interaction and ADHD
    • What is Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder?
    • Etiology of ADHD
    • Determinants of ADHD Trajectories
    • Current Evidence-Based Treatments for ADHD
    • Why Might Exercise Benefit Individuals with ADHD?
    • The Impact of Exercise on ADHD
    • Where to from Here?
    • Summary and Conclusions
  • Chapter 19. Cognitive Impairment in Breast Cancer Survivors: The Protective Role of Physical Activity, Cardiorespiratory Fitness, and Exercise Training
    • Introduction
    • Prevalence of Cognitive Impairment in Breast Cancer Survivors
    • Breast Cancer Treatment and Brain Health
    • Measuring Cognitive Function in Breast Cancer Survivors
    • Physical Activity and Cognitive Function in Breast Cancer Survivors
    • Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Cognitive Function
    • Exercise Training Effects on Cognitive Function and Brain Health
    • Future Directions
    • Clinical Recommendations
  • Chapter 20. Physical Activity and Cognition in Older Adults with Heart Failure
    • Introduction
    • Reduced Physical Activity as a Modifiable Risk Factor for Cognitive Dysfunction in HF
    • Benefits of Physical Activity on Neurocognitive Outcomes in Non-HF Populations
    • Benefits of Physical Activity on Brain Health
    • Benefits of Physical Activity on Cognitive Outcomes in HF Populations
    • Summary and Future Directions
  • Chapter 21. The Effect of Regular Exercise on Cognition in Special Populations of Children: Overweight and Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
    • Introduction
    • Exercise Training and Cognition in Overweight and Obese Children
    • Exercise Training and Cognition in Children with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
    • Conclusions and Future Directions
  • Chapter 22. Exercise–Cognition Interaction: State of the Art and Future Research
    • Introduction
    • Acute Exercise
    • Chronic Exercise
    • Translational Issues
    • Conclusion
  • Index

Details

No. of pages:
504
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2016
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780128011485
Hardcover ISBN:
9780128007785

About the Editor

Terry McMorris

Terry McMorris is Emeritus Professor of the Cognitive Neuroscience of Exercise and Sport at the University of Chichester and Visiting Professor at the University of Portsmouth. He initially trained as a schoolteacher and taught for 17 years before undertaking a Master of Physical Education degree at the University of New Brunswick, Canada. He obtained a PhD from the University of Southampton in 1997. His main interest is in the effect of physiological stress, especially exercise, on cognition. As well as exercise, Terry has examined the effects on cognition of sleep deprivation, heat and dehydration, and vibration during sea travel. He has also published in the area of skill acquisition and performance and published two test books on the subject.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor Emeritus, Department of Sport, Exercise, and Health Sciences, University of Chichester, UK