Evolutionary Processes and Theory contains the proceedings of a workshop held in Israel in March 1985. Contributors explore evolutionary processes and theory and highlight advances in knowledge concerning differentiation, metabolic and immunological mechanisms, and the molecular biology of the genome. Issues that are being debated are also considered, including the origin and evolution of sexual systems, the genetics of altruism, and general forms and levels of social evolution.
This volume is organized into six sections encompassing 33 chapters and begins with an overview of the evolutionary problems of molecular biology. Some chapters are devoted to topics such as the role of gene regulation in evolutionary processes; the structural diversity and evolution of intermediate filament proteins; and adaptation and evolution in the immune system. The next section examines the tempo and mode of molecular evolution, including that of hybrid dysgenesis systems, as well as the statistical aspects of the molecular clock. Later chapters focus on DNA and protein sequences; sexual selection and speciation; and the relation between speciation mechanisms and macroevolutionary patterns. The book also methodically explains population genetics, with particular reference to the altruistic behavior in sibling groups with unrelated intruders, the endosperm evolution in higher plants, and the evolutionary aspects of sexual reproduction in predominantly asexual populations. This book will be of interest to geneticists and molecular biologists.
Part I. Evolutionary Problems of Molecular Biology Gene Regulation and Its Role in Evolutionary Processes The Evolution of Transcriptional Control Signals: Coevolution of Ribosomal Gene Promoter Sequences and Transcription Factors Rapid Evolution of Human Influenza Viruses Structural Diversity and Evolution of Intermediate Filament Proteins Evolutionary Origin of Antigen-Binding Pockets Are the Major Histocompatibility Complexes of the Mouse t-Haplotypes Distinctive Gene Pools? Adaptation and Evolution in the Immune System Part II. Tempo and Mode of Molecular Evolution Molecular and Phenotypic Aspects of the Evolution of Hybrid Dysgenesis Systems The Spread and Success of Non-Darwinian Novelties Population Genetics Theory of Multigene Families with Emphasis on Genetic Variation Contained in the Family Statistical Aspects of the Molecular Clock Part III. Comparative Analysis of DNA and Protein Sequences Processes of Chloroplast DNA Evolution Estimation of the Numbers of Synonymous and Nonsynonymous Substitutions between Protein Coding Genes A Hidden Bias in the Estimate of Total Nucleotide Substitutions from Pairwise Differences Comparative Analysis of Structural Relationships in DNA and Protein Sequences Relation of Humans to African Apes: A Statistical Appraisal of Diverse Types of Data Part IV. Models and Evidence of Speciation Sexual Selection and Speciation Allopatric and Non-Allopatric Speciation; Assumptions and Evidence Mechanisms of Adaptive Speciation at the Molecular and Organismal Levels Population Structure and Sexual Selection for Host Fidelity in the Speciation of Hummingbird Flower Mites The Relation between Speciation Mechanisms and Macroevolutionary Patterns Part V. Population Genetics: Observation, Experiment and Theory Phylogenetic Relationships of Mitochondrial DNA under Various Demographic Models of Speciation
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- © Academic Press 1986
- 5th May 1986
- Academic Press
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