Description

Evolutionary Neuroscience is a collection of articles in brain evolution selected from the recent comprehensive reference, Evolution of Nervous Systems (Elsevier, Academic Press, 2007). The selected chapters cover a broad range of topics from historical theory to the most recent deductions from comparative studies of brains. The articles are organized in sections focused on theories and brain scaling, the evolution of brains from early vertebrates to present-day fishes, amphibians, reptiles and birds, the evolution of mammalian brains, and the evolution of primate brains, including human brains. Each chapter is written by a leader or leaders in the field, and has been reviewed by other experts. Specific topics include brain character reconstruction, principles of brain scaling, basic features of vertebrate brains, the evolution of the major sensory systems, and other parts of brains, what we can learn from fossils, the origin of neocortex, and the evolution of specializations of human brains. The collection of articles will be interesting to anyone who is curious about how brains evolved from the simpler nervous systems of the first vertebrates into the many different complex forms now found in present-day vertebrates. This book would be of use to students at the graduate or undergraduate levels, as well as professional neuroscientists, cognitive scientists, and psychologists. Together, the chapters provide a comprehensive list of further reading and references for those who want to inquire further.

Key Features

 The most comprehensive, authoritative and up-to-date single volume collection on brain evolution

Full color throughout, with many illustrations

Written by leading scholars and experts

Readership

Comparative neuroanatomists, biologists and neuroscientists, post graduates.

Table of Contents

Part I: AN INTRODUCTION TO HISTORY, THEORY,METHODS AND CONCEPTS

History of Ideas on Brain Evolution, Georg F.Striedter

Phylogenetic Character Reconstruction, James S. Albert

Basic Nervous System "Types": One or Many?, Heinrich Reichert & Frank Hirth

Origin and Evolution of the First Nervous System, Heinrich Reichert & Robert Lichtneckert

Neuronal Migration, Oscar Marín & Guillermina López-Bendito

The Role of Transient Connections in Brain Evolution, Giorgio M.Innocenti

Neural Wiring Optimization, Christopher Cherniak

Principles of Brain Scaling, Charles F. Stevens

Part II: THE EVOLUTION OF BRAINS IN EARLY VERTEBRATES, FISHES, AMPHIBIANS, REPTILES AND BIRDS    

Structure of Brains of Primitive Vertebrates (tunicates, amphioxus, lampreys) and the Basic Features of the Vertebrate Brain, Bernd Fritzsch and Joel C.Glover

Evolution of the Nervous System in Fishes, Mario Wullimann & Philippe Varnier

Evolution of the Amphibian Nervous System, Gerhard Roth & Ursula Dicke

Evolution of the Nervous System in Reptiles Laura L. Bruce

Do Birds and Reptiles Possess Homologues of Mammalian Visual, Somatosensory and Motor Cortices? Loreta Medina

The Evolution of Vocal Learning Systems in Birds and Humans, Erich Jarvis

The Evolution of the Amygdala in Vertebrates, Fernando Martinez-Garcia, Amparo Novejarque & Enrique Lanuza

The Evolution of Vertebrate Eyes Russell D. Fernald

Vertebrate Olfactory Subsystems and their Evolution, Heather Eisthen & Gianluca Polese

The Evolution of Taste Systems, Thomas Finger

Shared and Convergent Features of the Auditory System of Vertebrates, Daphne Soares & Catherine E. Carr

Part III: EVOLUTION OF MAMMALIAN BRAINS    

How Can Fossils Tell us About the Evolution of the Neocortex?, Harry J. Jerison

The Origin of Neocor

Details

No. of pages:
1038
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2009
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
Print ISBN:
9780123750808
Electronic ISBN: