This manual is a user-friendly, comprehensive description of the Center for Autism and Related Disorders (CARD) model of autism treatment—the latest scientific information on what truly works in treating autism in an integrated, organized, consumable format. The book details effective early behavioral intervention, covering topics such as challenging behavior, visual modification, parental involvement, improving language, cognition, and social skills, and ends with a section that explains how all of the treatments can be put together in real-life service provision organizations. The CARD model is highly comprehensive and provides useful clinical information to form cutting-edge treatment programs.

Key Features

  • Describes in detail the world-renowned, state-of-the-art CARD model of treatment for children with autism spectrum disorders
  • Provides practitioners critical guidance in how to combine the best components into comprehensive treatment programs for individuals with autism that are not only backed by research, but also the most effective, and the least intrusive
  • Includes practical information, presented in a user-friendly, professionally-oriented format, with tables, figures, and flowcharts to help guide real-life clinical decision making


Clinicians working with patients with autism.

Table of Contents

  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 1: Introduction
    • Abstract
    • Introduction to Early Intensive Behavioral Intervention
    • Format of This Book
    • History of the CARD Model
    • Tone of this Book
  • Chapter 2: Philosophy and Mores
    • Abstract
    • All Humans Are Capable of Learning
    • Children with Autism are Whole People
    • Fearlessness
    • Innovation
    • Open-Mindedness
    • Insistence on Highest Quality
    • The Right to Evidence-Based, Effective Treatment
    • Global Reach
    • Recovery from ASD is Possible
    • Personal Dignity and Self-Determination
    • Summary
  • Chapter 3: The Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder
    • Abstract
    • Professionals Who Can Diagnose ASD
    • Diagnostic Criteria
    • Changes from DSM-IV
    • Diagnostic Assessments
    • Summary
  • Chapter 4: Principles and Procedures of Acquisition
    • Abstract
    • Background
    • Positive Reinforcement
    • Prompting and Prompt Fading
    • Discrete Trial Training
    • Natural Environment Training
    • Chaining and Shaping
    • Behavioral Skills Training
    • Fluency-Based Instruction
    • Summary
  • Chapter 5: A Functional Approach to Challenging Behavior
    • Abstract
    • The Need for Functional Assessment and Treatment of Challenging Behavior
    • Step 1: Identify, Define, and Prioritize the Target Behavior
    • Step 2: Determine Outcome Goals
    • Step 3: Conduct a Functional Assessment
    • Step 4: Design a Function-Based Behavior Intervention Plan
    • Step 5: Write the Behavior Intervention Plan
    • Step 6: Evaluate the Effectiveness of the Plan
    • Step 7: Troubleshoot and Follow Up
    • Summary
  • Chapter 6: Visual and Other Sensory Modifications
    • Abstract
    • The


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© 2014
Academic Press
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About the editors

Adel Najdowski

Dr. Najdowski has provided services to children with autism for 20 years. In her early career, she served as a behavioral consultant for multiple school districts as well as a Clinical Specialist for the Nevada Center for Severe Behavior Problems and the Assistant Director of the UNR Early Childhood Autism Center-Based Program. Between 2005 and 2010, Dr. Najdowski led a team of researchers and clinicians in the development of Skills®, a comprehensive online assessment and curriculum for children with autism. In 2014, Dr. Najdowski co-authored, Evidence-Based Treatment for Children with Autism: The CARD Model. She serves on the editorial boards of the Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis and Behavior Analysis in Practice and has over 40 publications in peer-reviewed journals, book chapters in scientific texts, and articles in popular media. She has taught multiple undergraduate and graduate level courses in psychology and is currently adjunct faculty for California State University, Los Angeles and Endicott College, Massachusetts. Her areas of expertise and passions include teaching higher-order skills to children and teens with autism, assessment and curriculum design for children with autism, evaluation of procedures used in early intensive behavioral intervention programs, and feeding disorders.

Jonathan Tarbox

Dr. Jonathan Tarbox, PhD, BCBA-D is Director of Research and a Regional Clinic Director at FirstSteps for Kids. Dr. Tarbox has published two books on autism treatment, as well as over 60 peer-reviewed articles and chapters in scientific texts. Dr. Tarbox is an editorial board member of multiple scientific journals and a past President of the Nevada Association for Behavior Analysis.