Europe's Nuclear Power Experiment

Europe's Nuclear Power Experiment

History of the OECD Dragon Project

1st Edition - January 1, 1983

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  • Author: E. N. Shaw
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483279183

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Europe's Nuclear Power Experiment: History of the OECD Dragon Project discusses the achievements of the Project, which is regarded as one of Europe's most successful collaborations in applied science and certainly the most important multinational technical collaboration in the field of nuclear energy. The Project is centered on the construction of a nuclear reactor that is to demonstrate the essential properties of a new system, designed to produce higher temperatures than could be achieved with the first generation of reactors. After a brief introduction to the political collaboration and technical development of the Project, this 28-chapter goes on dealing with the competitive forms of cooperation in nuclear energy and the function of the European Nuclear Energy Agency. The succeeding chapters survey various aspects of nuclear reactor and the Dragon Project Agreement, its long-term role, research and development, industrialization, and supervision by the signatories. Other chapters consider other details and contributions of various member countries in the Project. The concluding chapters discuss the Project's extension program and its achievements. This book is of value to nuclear power scientists and researchers.

Table of Contents

  • Introduction

    Political Collaboration

    Technical Development


    1 Early Efforts Towards Collaboration in Europe

    2 Nuclear Energy

    OEEC Attacks the Energy Problem

    Parallel Initiatives in Nuclear Collaboration

    Basic Elements of a Power Reactor

    3 Competitive Forms of Co-operation in Nuclear Energy

    ECSC Countries

    Non-ECSC Countries

    United Kingdom

    North America

    4 European Nuclear Energy Agency

    Euratom's Expectations

    Special Committee Formed

    Opportunities for Collaboration on Reactor Development

    Creating the Agency

    The Agency People

    5 Reactor Studies

    Exit the Electricity Undertakings

    The Research Approach

    Britain Offers a Site

    Backlash from the Euratom Treaty

    First Reactor Project Founders

    6 Origins of the High Temperature Reactor

    HTR becomes an Authority Project


    7 Birth of Dragon

    Origins of "Dragon"

    8 Competition

    The Pebble-bed Reactor

    HTR Projects in the USA

    9 The Dragon Agreement

    Continental Hesitations

    Financial Provisions

    Proportional Contributions

    Independent Activity in the UK

    Alternative Funding


    10 The Project Takes Form

    First Chief Executive


    The Dragon Reactor Experiment

    Dedication Ceremony

    End of the Nuclear Euphoria

    11 Dragon's Long-Term Role

    Fuel Policies

    The Authority in Conflict with Other Signatories

    Programme Re-defined

    12 Exploitation

    Assessment Studies

    The Direct Cycle

    Agreement for Limited Extension

    Loosening of Ties with Agency

    Power Station Design

    Britain's Own Assessment

    13 Dragon's Future in Jeopardy

    OECD Intervention

    UK Assumes Responsibility for Euratom's share

    Changes in Euratom

    14 Transition

    Shepherd Appointed as Successor

    Britain Increases Contribution to Assure Continuation

    15 Industrialisation v. Research and Development

    Operational Record of DRE

    Problems of Fuel Development

    Programme for Dragon

    Programme Implementation

    Prismatic HTR Power Projects in Europe Lose Support Except in France

    16 Dragon's Relevance in Question

    Dragon's Future Role

    Agency Concern over Forward Programme

    Programme Agreed

    Financing Conflicts

    17 Supervision by the Signatories

    Board of Management

    General Purposes Committee

    Programme Sub-Committee

    Financial Rules and Regulations


    18 Staffing and Staff


    Overseas Participation

    The Spirit

    The People

    19 The Signatories

    20 Austria and Dragon

    21 Scandinavia and Dragon




    22 Switzerland and Dragon

    23 The Original Six Euratom Countries and Dragon


    The Netherlands



    Nuclear Programme Changes Course

    Industrial Experience

    France Turns to Gulf General Atomic



    AVR and THTR

    Collaboration Agreements with Dragon

    HTR Fuel Policy

    First Prismatic HTR Activities in Germany

    Restructuring of the Industry

    Advanced Applications

    Industry's Contribution to Dragon

    Evolving Attitudes

    24 Britain and Dragon

    Dragon and Winfrith

    Authority's HTR Programme

    Personal Interactions

    UK View of the HTR

    Contributions and Contracts

    25 Dragon and The Non-signatories


    Second Phase

    Third Phase

    Fourth Phase

    The USA

    Dragon - AEC Collaboration Agreement

    Extensions to the Collaboration


    US Industrial Record

    The Impact

    26 In Search of a Programme

    DRE Performance

    VHTR Proposai

    Fuel Disposal and Decommissioning

    Revised Board of Management

    HTR Projects Falter

    Preliminary Enquiries on an Extension Programme

    Working Party's Report

    27 The Long Road to Closure

    Delays in UK Decision

    Alternative Extension Proposals

    UK Requires Reduction in Contribution

    No Intervention from NEA

    Negotiations in Brussels

    Some Retrieval but no Reprieve

    28 In Conclusion

    Information Transfer

    Open Publication

    Juste Retour


    Fixed-Term Extensions

    Commercial Application


    Dragon's Successes

    Cost Effectiveness

    Future of the Prismatic HTR


    1. Contributions of Signatories and Euratom Countries

    2. Chronological Summary

    3. Abbreviations and Glossary

    4. References

    Name Index

    Subject Index

    Company Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 350
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1983
  • Published: January 1, 1983
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483279183

About the Author

E. N. Shaw

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