Ethics for Graduate Researchers

Ethics for Graduate Researchers

A Cross-disciplinary Approach

1st Edition - September 25, 2012

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  • Editors: Cathriona Russell, Linda Hogan, Maureen Junker-Kenny
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123914842
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780124160491

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Description

This edited collection is intended as a primer for core concepts and principles in research ethics and as an in-depth exploration of the contextualization of these principles in practice across key disciplines. The material is nested so that readers can engage with it at different levels and depths. It is unique in that it combines an analysis of complex ethical debates about the nature of research and its governance with the best of case-based and discipline-specific approaches. It deals with the following topics in depth: in the natural sciences, it explores the scientific integrity of the researcher and the research process, human cloning as a test case for the limits to research, and the emerging ethical issues in nanotechnology; in the health sciences, it takes up the question of consent, assent and proxies, research with vulnerable groups and the ethics of clinical trials; in the social sciences, it explores the issues that arise in qualitative research, interviews and ethnography; and in the humanities, it examines contested archaeologies and research in divided societies.

Key Features

  • Overview of Research Ethics Principles
  • Full text papers from experienced researchers across many disciplines
  • Dialogue with ethicists

Readership

Recent graduates as well as more experienced researchers

Table of Contents

  • About the authors

    List of Contributors

    Introduction

    Introduction to Section 1. Developing Ethics as a Core Competency: Integrity in Scientific Research

    1. Recognising Traditions of Argumentation in Philosophical Ethics

    Agency and Ethics in a Technological Culture

    Traditions of Ethical Argumentation

    Cultural Memory and Political Institutions as Decisive Contexts for Research Parameters and for Public Debate

    Bibliography

    2. Navigating the Minefields: Ethics and Misconduct in Scientific Research

    Introduction

    What Is Meant by Research Ethics?

    Why Might Scientists Misbehave?

    The Nature of Scientific Misconduct

    Ethics and Authorship

    Ethics and Peer Review

    Plagiarism in Scientific Writing: A Plague on All Our Houses

    Ethics and the Treatment of Colleagues (and Rivals)

    Dealing with Error

    Conclusions

    Acknowledgement

    Bibliography

    3. Ethics and the Researcher

    Introduction

    The Researcher

    The Research Supervisor

    When Things Go Wrong

    Conclusion

    Acknowledgement

    Bibliography

    Introduction to Section 2. Research Ethics Governance in the EU; the Role of Civic Debate, the Question of Limits in Research

    Questions by Ethicists to their Role in the Public Realm

    Recognition of the Precautionary Principle

    Transparency of Research

    4. Bioethics and Biolaw in the European Union: Bridging or Fudging Different Traditions of Moral and Legal Argumentation?

    Two Traditions of Thinking: Self-Determination and Dignity

    Controversies Between Different Traditions of Interpretation of Moral and Legal Concepts

    The Demand for Transparency in Research

    Bibliography

    5. Ethics as Consensus Management in Expert Cultures – or Through Civic Debate in the Public Sphere?

    Dilemmas Between Science and Society

    Shifts in the Concept of Life

    Controversies in Expert Cultures and in Civil Society About Patenting Embryonic Stem Cells

    Conclusion: A Final Remark on Pluralism and Tolerance as Leading Values

    Bibliography

    6. Nanomedicine and European Ethics – Part One

    Ethics in Nanosciences: The ELSA Approach

    Ethics, Policy and Society: The Role of the EGE

    Bibliography

    7. International Agreements on the Prohibition of Human Cloning as a Test Case for Limits in Research

    The Birth of Dolly and the Cloning Debate

    Efforts for an International Ban on Cloning

    Understanding the Arguments Made in Public Debate

    Conclusions

    Bibliography

    Section 3. Contextualising Ethical Principles in Research Practice in Different Disciplines

    8. Consent, Assent and Dissent in Dementia Care and Research

    If You Design for the Old…

    Why Do We Need Ethics?

    Ethics and Law

    Virtuous Clinician/Researcher or Toolkit for Ethical Analysis?

    Capacity for Research

    Informed Consent in Research and Practice: A Subtle Concept

    Vulnerability: From the General to the Particular

    The Ongoing Evolution of the Research Ethics Committee

    Supporting Decision-Making Capacity

    Towards a Better Understanding of Life with Dementia

    From Literature to Real Life

    Third Party ‘Consent’ or ‘Assent’?

    Summary

    References

    9. Research Without One’s Own Consent? Consequences of the New United Nations Disability Rights Convention for Research

    The Controversial Prohibition of Research in the Interest of Third Parties with Persons ‘Unable to Consent’

    Trends Towards Liberalisation and the Invention of ‘Benefit to a Group’

    A Change of Presuppositions Through the UN Convention on Persons with Disabilities

    Assistance Instead of Representation

    Bibliography

    10. Contested Archaeologies: Archaeology in Politics and Identity Formation

    Israel and the Republic of Cyprus as Case Studies

    Nationalism and Archaeology

    Archaeology in Israel: Jerusalem Archaeological Park and Caesarea

    Lessons to Be Learned from Case Studies

    Contested Archaeologies and Ethics

    Bibliography

    11. Research Ethics in Divided and Violent Societies: Seizing the Ethical Opportunity

    Introduction

    ‘Making a Difference?’ – Seizing the Ethical Opportunity

    A Plan for Protection – Personal Safety

    A Plan for Protection – Participants’ Safety

    A Plan for Communication and Dissemination

    Conclusion

    Bibliography

    12. Ethics of Oral Interviews with Children

    Changing Conceptions of Children and Childhood

    Methods in Research with Children

    Qualitative Interviews as a Window into Children’s Lives

    Ethical Considerations for Conducting Interviews with Children

    Consent and Choice

    Power Dynamics in the Interview Setting

    Protection from Harm

    Conclusion

    References

    Section 4. Emerging Debates and Future Prospects

    Section 4. Emerging Debates and Future Prospects

    Ethical Reflection and the Social Context of Research

    Research Ethics in a Deliberative Democracy

    13. Environmental Perspectives in Research Ethics

    Sustainability and Productionism

    Sustainability as a Concept of Convergence

    No-Till Agriculture: A Case Study in Environmental Hermeneutics

    Implications for Research Ethics

    Acknowledgements

    Bibliography

    14. Synthetic Biology – An Emerging Debate in European Ethics – Part Two

    A Social–Ethical Approach to Ethics of New Technologies

    The EGE Opinion on Synthetic Biology

    A Framework of Ethical Reasoning

    Bibliography

    15. Lessons from Teaching Research Ethics Across the Disciplines

    Introduction

    Conclusion

    16. Conclusion

Product details

  • No. of pages: 266
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2012
  • Published: September 25, 2012
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123914842
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780124160491

About the Editors

Cathriona Russell

Affiliations and Expertise

Cathriona Russell is Adjunct Assistant Professor in the School of Religions and Theology at Trinity College Dublin and Director of the Masters in Ecology and Religion at All Hallows College, Dublin City University.

Linda Hogan

Affiliations and Expertise

Linda Hogan is Vice-Provost and Chief Academic Officer at Trinity College Dublin, where she also holds the Chair in Ecumenics.

Maureen Junker-Kenny

Maureen Junker-Kenny

Affiliations and Expertise

Maureen Junker-Kenny is Associate Professor of Theology in the Department of Religions and Theology, Trinity College Dublin.

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