Ethics and consent in midwifery. Legal and ethical issues in midwifery practice. Failure to deliver: ethical issues relating to epidural analgesia in uncomplicated labour. Routine antenatal HIV testing and its implications for informed consent. Risk and normality in the maternity services. Midwives and sexuality: earth mother or coy maiden. Ethical issues in neonatal intensive care. Screening and the prefect baby. Ethics of fetal tissue transplantation and research on embryos. Reproductive technologies and midwives. Midwifery and homeopathy. Midwifery autonomy and the code of professional conduct: an unethical combination? Retention and autonomy in midwifery practice. Midwifery Research: some ethical considerations. Researching sensitive issues: a personal view.