Estuarine Ecohydrology

Estuarine Ecohydrology

1st Edition - August 1, 2007

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  • Authors: Eric Wolanski, Eric Wolanski
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080550350

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Description

Estuarine Ecohydrology focuses on the principal components of an estuary. The book demonstrates how one can quantify an estuarine ecosystem's ability to cope with human stresses. The theories, models, and real-world solutions covered will serve as a toolkit for designing a management plan for the ecologically sustainable development of an estuary. This book is organized into seven chapters dealing with topics such as estuarine water circulation; estuarine sediment dynamics; tidal wetlands; estuarine food webs; and ecohydrology models and solutions. Although each chapter contains rigorous specialist knowledge, it is presented in an accessible way that encourages multi-disciplinary collaboration between such fields as hydrology, ecology and mathematical modeling. Estuarine Ecohydrology is appropriate for use as a textbook and as a reference for researchers; advanced undergraduate and graduate students in marine biology, oceanography, coastal management, and coastal engineering; coastal developers; resources managers, shipping operators; and those involved in estuarine fisheries and sustainable development communities.

Key Features

* Appropriate for use as a textbook and as a reference
* Focuses on the principal components of an estuary
* Presents theories, models, and real-world solutions to serve as a toolkit for designing a management plan for the ecologically sustainable development of an estuary

Readership

Researchers and advanced undergraduate and graduate students in marine biology, oceanography, coastal management, and coastal engineering, as well as estuarine fisheries, coastal developers, resources managers, sustainable development communities, and shipping operators.

Table of Contents



  • 1. Introduction
    1.1. What is an estuary?
    1.2. Humanity and estuaries
    1.2.1. Sedimentation from sediment eroded from cleared land in the hinterland
    1.2.2. Overfishing and trawling
    1.2.3. Destruction of wetlands
    1.2.4. Eutrophication
    1.2.5. Pollution
    1.2.6. Dams.
    1.2.7. Dykes for flood protection.
    1.2.8. Human health risks.
    1.3. The future of estuaries and the quality of life of the human population living on its shores
    1.4. The solution
    1.5. Ecohydrology science: the structure of this book.
    2. Estuarine water circulation
    2.1. The average residence time
    2.2. The age of water
    2.3. Exposure time vs. residence time
    2.4. Vertical mixing and stratification
    2.5. Lateral stratification, trapping, and shear
    2.6. The importance of the bathymetry on flushing
    2.7. The importance of flows near the river mouth on flushing
    2.8 The special case of lagoons
    3. Estuarine sediment dynamics
    3.1. Geomorphological time scales
    3.2. Sediment dynamics
    3.2.1. The distinction between mud, silt and sand
    3.2.2. Sand dynamics
    3.2.3. Mud dynamics
    3.2.4. Engineering implications
    3.2.5. Biological implications
    3.3. Net sediment budgets
    3.3.1. The age of estuaries
    3.3.2. Net erosion or progradation
    3.3.3. Formation of mud flats
    3.3.4. Formation of tidal wetlands by the vegetation colonizing bare intertidal areas
    3.4. The size of the mouth
    4. Tidal wetlands
    4.1. Description
    4.2. Hydrodynamics
    4.3. Wave attenuation by wetland vegetation
    4.4. Ecological processes within a tidal wetland
    4.4.1. Mangroves
    4.4.2. Saltmarshes
    4.4.3. Supratidal mud flats
    4.5. Enhancement of estuarine fisheries productivity by ouwelling from tidal wetlands
    4.6. Groundwater
    4.6.1. Mangroves
    4.6.2. Saltmarshes
    4.7. Physics-biology links
    5. Estuarine food webs
    5.1. Simple food webs in clear waters
    5.1.1. Definitions
    5.1.2. Clear waters
    5.2. The key role of detritus
    5.3. The role of groundwater
    5.4. Link to pelagic food web (fisheries)
    5.5. Estuarine ecology
    5.6. Over-stressed ecosystems
    5.7. Seagrass and coral reefs
    6. Ecohydrology models
    6.1. Engineering models
    6.2. Ecosystem models
    6.2.1. Predator-prey relationship
    6.2.2. Estuarine ecosystem models
    6.2.3. An estuarine ecohydrology model
    6.3. Coral reef ecohydrology model
    7. Ecohydrology solutions
    7.1. Freshwater
    7.2. Estuaries
    7.3. Coastal waters
    7.4. Managing human health threats
    7.5. Habitat creation
    7.5.1. Saltmarshes
    7.5.2. Mangroves
    7.5.3. Seagrass
    7.5.4. Coral reefs
    7.5.5. Sediment capping
    7.6. Protection against natural hazards
    7.7. A future for estuaries and coastal waters?
    8. References
    9. Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 168
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier Science 2007
  • Published: August 1, 2007
  • Imprint: Elsevier Science
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080550350

About the Authors

Eric Wolanski

Eric Wolanski
Professor Eric Wolanski is an estuarine oceanographer at James Cook University and the Australian Institute of Marine Science. His research interests range from the oceanography of coral reefs, mangroves, and muddy estuaries, to the interaction between physical and biological processes determining ecosystem health in tropical waters. He has 370 publications and reports. Eric is a fellow of the Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering, the Institution of Engineers Australia (ret.), and l’Acade´mie Royale des Sciences d’Outre-Mer. He was awarded an Australian Centenary medal, a Doctorate Honoris Causa by the Catholic University of Louvain and a Lifetime Achievement Award by the Estuarine & Coastal Sciences Association. Eric is an editor-in-chief of Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, Wetlands Ecology and Management, and the Treatise on Estuarine and Coastal Science.

Eric is a member of the editorial board of Journal of Coastal Research, Journal of Marine Systems, Ecohydrology and Hydrobiology, and Continental Shelf Research. He is a member of the Scientific and Policy Committee of the Japan-based International Center for Environmental Management of Enclosed Coastal Seas, a Visiting Professor at the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and a member of the College of Experts of the Australian Research Council.

Affiliations and Expertise

James Cook University & Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, Queensland, Australia

Eric Wolanski

Eric Wolanski
Professor Eric Wolanski is an estuarine oceanographer at James Cook University and the Australian Institute of Marine Science. His research interests range from the oceanography of coral reefs, mangroves, and muddy estuaries, to the interaction between physical and biological processes determining ecosystem health in tropical waters. He has 370 publications and reports. Eric is a fellow of the Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering, the Institution of Engineers Australia (ret.), and l’Acade´mie Royale des Sciences d’Outre-Mer. He was awarded an Australian Centenary medal, a Doctorate Honoris Causa by the Catholic University of Louvain and a Lifetime Achievement Award by the Estuarine & Coastal Sciences Association. Eric is an editor-in-chief of Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, Wetlands Ecology and Management, and the Treatise on Estuarine and Coastal Science.

Eric is a member of the editorial board of Journal of Coastal Research, Journal of Marine Systems, Ecohydrology and Hydrobiology, and Continental Shelf Research. He is a member of the Scientific and Policy Committee of the Japan-based International Center for Environmental Management of Enclosed Coastal Seas, a Visiting Professor at the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and a member of the College of Experts of the Australian Research Council.

Affiliations and Expertise

James Cook University & Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, Queensland, Australia

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