New edition of a popular textbook of dental radiography and radiology for undergraduate and post-graduate dental students and general dental practitioners The volume is now available with an all new online self assessment questions and answers module and an online, regularly updated, summary of the current UK ionising radiation legislation and guidance on good practice for all dental practitioners as well as a summary of the latest UK guidance in relation to the use of Cone Beam CT (CBCT) equipment. The self assessment questions have been specially prepared for each of the 32 Chapters to enable students to assess their own knowledge and understanding as they prepare for examinations. These include a mixture of single best answer and multiple correct answer questions, drag and drop identification of radiological anatomy as well as new examples of various pathological conditions to enable practice of diagnostic skills.

Key Features

  • Provides a comprehensive account of the radiology and radiography topics usually examined at undergraduate and postgraduate level
  • Clear and accessible approach to the subject makes learning especially easy
  • More than 1100 illustrations – many of them updated - present clinical, diagnostic and practical information in an accessible manner
  • Contains recent classifications and advanced imaging modalities including cone beam CT imaging techniques

Table of Contents


1. The radiographic image


2. The production, properties and interaction of X-rays

3. Dental X-ray generating equipment

4. Image receptors

5. Image processing

6. Radiation dose, dosimetry and dose limitation

7. The biological effects associated with X-rays, risk and practical

radiation protection


8. Dental radiography – general patient considerations including control of infection

9. Periapical radiography

10. Bitewing radiography

11. Occlusal radiography

12. Oblique lateral radiography

13. Skull and maxillofacial radiography

14. Cephalometric radiography

15. Tomography and panoramic radiography

16. Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT)

17. The quality of radiographic images and quality assurance

18. Alternative and specialised imaging modalities


19. Introduction to radiological interpretation

20. Dental caries and the assessment of restorations

21. The periapical tissues

22. The periodontal tissues and periodontal disease

23. Implant assessment

24. Developmental abnormalities

25. Radiological differential diagnosis – describing a lesion

26. Differential diagnosis of radiolucent lesions of the jaws

27. Differential diagnosis of lesions of variable radiopacity in the jaws

28. Bone diseases of radiological importance

29. Trauma to the teeth and facial skeleton

30. The temporomandibular joint

31. The maxillary antra

32. The salivary glands

Bibliography and suggested reading


No. of pages:
© 2013
Churchill Livingstone
eBook ISBN:
eBook ISBN:
Print ISBN:

About the author

Nicholas Drage

Nicholas Drage is a Consultant and Honorary Senior Lecturer in Dental and Maxillofacial Radiology at the University Dental Hospital in Cardiff. He qualified from Guy's Dental School in 1989 and, after a year in general dental practice, spent four years in junior hospital posts in various specialities including oral and maxillofacial surgery obtaining his Fellowship in Dental Surgery (FDS) from the Royal College of Surgeons of England in 1994. He worked in the Unit of Dental Radiology at Guy’s Hospital for seven years from 1995-2002, firstly as a specialist registrar and then as a lecturer. He obtained his Diploma in Dental Radiology from the Royal College of Radiologists in 1997. Nicholas is registered on the General Dental Council’s specialist list for Dental and Maxillofacial Radiology, has headed up the Unit of Dental and Maxillofacial Radiology within the University Dental Hospital in Cardiff since 2002 and is currently a member of the Diploma in Dental and Maxillofacial Radiology (DDMFR) Examining Board of the Royal College of Radiologists. He is responsible for teaching the BDS dental imaging course and lectures on a number of additional post-graduate radiological and radiation protection courses across the UK. He is President–elect of the British Society of Dental and Maxillofacial Radiology (BSDMFR).

Affiliations and Expertise

Consultant and Honorary Senior Lecturer in Dental and Maxillofacial Radiology, University Dental Hospital, Cardiff and Vale University Health Board, Cardiff, UK


"The book is detailed and comprehensive covers almost all that a general practitioner, undergraduate and postgraduate could want to know about radiology and radiography... The book is well laid out, with each chapter starting with the basics before moving on to more complex areas. This is helpful as it means the information is accessible to all; you can start from the beginning and work through full chapters, or simply access a particular area you are interested in...There is the additional benefit of an online self-assessment module, available once you purchase the book, which contains multiple choice questions, extended matching questions and 'drag and drop' style questions. This would be very useful for anyone revising for undergraduate or postgraduate examinations... I can see why previous editions of this book have been so popular. It is easy to dip in and out of, so knowledgeon particular topics can be easily refreshed. The clear explanations make a potentially arduous topic to revise interesting read. A must have for undergraduates and GDPs alike!"

British Dental Journal, January 2014

Great informative book giving all the basics of radiation protection, technique and a helpful section on how to improve image quality with selection of poorly positioned radiographs. I recommend this title for the dental room in X-ray departments and/or dental nurses/students.

Amazon Review