Essentials of Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy

Essentials of Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy

5th Edition - January 1, 2022

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  • Author: Ellen Hillegass
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323755924
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780323751520
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780323722124

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Description

Improve your understanding of the cardiopulmonary system with Essentials of Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy, 5th Edition. Based on American Physical Therapy Association best practices, this new edition provides comprehensive coverage of anatomy, physiology, and cardiopulmonary assessment, along with new chapters on the growing topics of the management of cardiovascular disease in women and pulmonary vascular disease. Using a practical approach, expert author Ellen Hillegass also discusses pathophysiology, pharmacology, and interventions in the outpatient setting.

Key Features

  • Evidence-based content reflects the latest research in the field and incorporates the use of ICF.
  • Material uses best practices defined by the American Physical Therapy Association.
  • Clinical tips provide real-world hints and suggestions from practicing clinicians.

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Dedication
  • Contributors
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • Section 1. Anatomy and Physiology
  • 1. Anatomy of the cardiovascular and pulmonary systems
  • Thorax
  • The respiratory system
  • The cardiovascular system
  • Cardiac and pulmonary vessels
  • Systemic circulation
  • Summary
  • 2. Physiology of the cardiovascular and pulmonary systems
  • The pulmonary system
  • The cardiovascular system
  • Summary
  • Section 2. Pathophysiology
  • 3. Ischemic cardiovascular conditions and other vascular pathologies
  • Anatomy of the coronary arteries
  • Myocardial perfusion
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Hypertension
  • Cerebrovascular disease
  • Peripheral arterial disease
  • Other vascular disorders
  • Summary
  • 4. Management of cardiovascular disease in women
  • Gender differences in clinical manifestation and pathophysiology of cardiovascular disease
  • Pathophysiology
  • Diagnosing cardiovascular disease in women
  • Cardiovascular disease risk assessment tools
  • Medical management of cardiovascular disease in women
  • Other cardiovascular disease in women
  • Women and outpatient cardiac rehabilitation
  • Pregnancy-related cardiovascular considerations
  • Effect of stress, depression, and other psychosocial issues on heart disease in women
  • Summary
  • 5. Cardiac muscle dysfunction and failure
  • Congestive heart failure descriptions
  • Causes and types of cardiac muscle dysfunction
  • Cardiac muscle
  • Specific pathophysiologic conditions associated with congestive heart failure
  • Pulmonary function
  • Hepatic function
  • Hematologic function
  • Skeletal muscle function
  • Clinical manifestations of congestive heart failure
  • Crackles
  • Radiologic findings in congestive heart failure
  • Medical management
  • Mechanical management
  • Surgical management
  • Prognosis
  • Physical therapy assessment
  • Physical therapy interventions
  • Ventilation
  • Summary
  • Discussion
  • 6. Restrictive lung dysfunction
  • Etiology
  • Pathogenesis
  • Clinical manifestation
  • Infectious causes
  • Interstitial lung disease
  • Specific interstitial lung diseases
  • Connective tissue causes of restrictive lung dysfunction
  • Immunologic causes
  • Environmental/occupational causes
  • Asbestosis
  • Radiologic causes
  • Neoplastic causes
  • Nonsmall cell lung cancer
  • Pleural diseases
  • Cardiovascular causes
  • Neuromuscular causes
  • Musculoskeletal causes
  • Pregnancy as cause
  • Nutritional and metabolic causes
  • Traumatic causes
  • Therapeutic causes
  • Pharmaceutical causes
  • Summary
  • 7. Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases
  • Overall etiology, pathology, and pathophysiology of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Lung function in obstructive lung diseases
  • Symptoms associated with obstructive lung diseases
  • Physical and psychologic impairments associated with obstructive lung diseases
  • Quantification of impairment in obstructive lung diseases
  • Disease-specific obstructive lung conditions
  • Pediatric obstructive lung conditions
  • 8. Pulmonary vascular disease
  • Symptoms of pulmonary hypertension
  • Diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension
  • Classification of pulmonary hypertension
  • Pathophysiology of pulmonary hypertension
  • Medical management
  • From diagnosis and medical management to follow-up
  • Activity/exercise limitations for individuals with pulmonary hypertension
  • Role of exercise in pulmonary hypertension
  • Summary
  • 9. Cardiopulmonary implications of specific diseases
  • Introduction
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Clinical implications for physical therapy
  • Chronic kidney disease and failure
  • Other specific diseases and disorders
  • Cardiopulmonary toxicity of cancer treatment
  • Summary
  • Section 3. Diagnostic Tests and Procedures
  • 10. Cardiovascular diagnostic tests and procedures
  • Diagnostic test interpretation and probability of disease
  • Sensitivity/specificity of testing
  • Clinical laboratory studies
  • Other noninvasive diagnostic tests
  • Other imaging modalities
  • Exercise testing
  • Pharmacologic stress testing
  • Cardiac catheterization: coronary angiography and ventriculography
  • Digital subtraction angiography
  • Endocardial biopsy
  • Vascular diagnostic testing for aortic, peripheral, and carotid disease
  • Peripheral arterial disease and dysfunction and diagnosis
  • Carotid artery disease and diagnosis
  • Summary
  • 11. Electrocardiography
  • Basic electrophysiologic principles
  • Heart rhythm: assessment of single-lead electrocardiogram
  • Heart blocks
  • Ventricular arrhythmias
  • Other findings on a 12-lead electrocardiogram
  • Summary
  • 12. Pulmonary diagnostic tests and procedures
  • Introduction
  • Chest imaging
  • Pulmonary function testing
  • Blood gas analysis
  • Oximetry
  • Cytologic and hematologic tests
  • Discussion
  • Summary
  • Section 4. Surgical Interventions, Monitoring, and Support
  • 13. Cardiovascular and thoracic interventions
  • Introduction
  • Cardiothoracic surgical procedures
  • Chest tube placement
  • Cardiac surgical options: off-pump, minimally invasive, robotic-assisted
  • Pacemaker implantation
  • Implantable cardioverter defibrillator
  • Additional cardiovascular interventions
  • Peripheral vascular interventions
  • Myocardial and angiogenic gene therapy
  • Summary
  • 14. Thoracic organ transplantation heart and lung
  • Introduction
  • History
  • Evaluation
  • Preoperative rehabilitation
  • Alternative therapies to transplantation
  • Donor selection and matching criteria
  • Surgical techniques
  • Medications
  • Postoperative treatment
  • Lung transplantation
  • Future trends in transplantation care160
  • Summary
  • 15. Monitoring, life support devices, and respiratory care in intensive care unit
  • Monitoring equipment in the intensive care unit
  • Capnography
  • Invasive monitoring
  • Temperature monitoring
  • Intracranial pressure monitoring
  • Life support equipment
  • Summary
  • Section 5. Pharmacology
  • 16. Cardiovascular medications
  • Pharmacokinetics
  • Pharmacodynamics
  • General considerations of pharmacologic management
  • Cardiac drugs used in critical care
  • Cardiac pharmacology in the geriatric population
  • Cardiac pharmacology in the neonate and pediatric populations
  • Pharmacologic management of diabetes
  • Heart transplantation
  • Vascular pharmacology
  • Summary
  • 17. Pulmonary medications
  • Introduction
  • Physiology
  • Bronchomotor tone
  • Rationale for bronchodilators
  • Bronchodilators
  • New drug development
  • New antifibrotic medications (for the treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis)
  • Pulmonary arterial hypertension medications
  • New medications for cystic fibrosis
  • Ancillary pulmonary medications
  • Reserve antimicrobials
  • Summary
  • Section 6. Cardiopulmonary Assessment and Intervention
  • 18. Examination and assessment procedures
  • Introduction
  • Elements of patient management
  • Patient history
  • Medical chart review
  • Interview with the patient and the family
  • Systems review
  • Physical examination
  • Evaluation
  • Summary
  • 19. Interventions for acute cardiopulmonary conditions
  • Airway clearance techniques
  • Breathing strategies, positioning, and facilitation
  • Breathing exercises
  • Special considerations for mechanically ventilated patients
  • Exercise
  • Exercise considerations for specific cardiovascular patient populations
  • Special considerations for mobilizing patients on mechanical circulatory support
  • Injury prevention and equipment provision
  • Patient education
  • Discharge planning
  • Summary
  • 20. Interventions and prevention measures for individuals with cardiovascular disease, or risk of disease
  • Introduction
  • Primary prevention
  • Rehabilitation of patients with documented cardiovascular disease
  • Management and evaluation of patients during the acute phase
  • Postacute phase rehabilitation
  • Candidacy
  • Home-based cardiac rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation/secondary prevention in the outpatient setting
  • Secondary prevention: management of risk factors
  • Administrative considerations
  • Summary
  • 21. Pulmonary rehabilitation
  • Choosing goals and outcomes in pulmonary rehabilitation
  • Structure of the pulmonary rehabilitation program
  • Physical therapy management
  • Patient evaluation procedures
  • Treatment intervention
  • Physical conditioning
  • Summary
  • 22. Pediatric cardiopulmonary physical therapy
  • Respiratory system development
  • Cardiac development
  • Congenital heart defects
  • Cardiac medical management
  • Pediatric respiratory conditions
  • Pulmonary medical management with extracorporeal membranous oxygenation
  • Pediatric conditions with secondary cardiopulmonary issues
  • Pediatric conditions with decreased activity levels and/or altered posture
  • Physical therapy examination
  • Physical therapy evaluation, diagnosis, and prognosis
  • Physical therapy intervention
  • Summary
  • 23. Outcome measures: A guide for the evidence-based practice of cardiopulmonary physical therapy
  • Introduction
  • Outcomes defined
  • Importance of measuring outcomes
  • Selection of data to measure
  • Functional performance measures
  • Quality-of-life measures
  • Summary
  • 24. The lymphatic system
  • Introduction
  • Anatomy and physiology
  • Pathophysiology
  • The role of the lymphatic system in the cardiovascular system and in cardiovascular disease
  • Medical management
  • Lipedema
  • Summary
  • Glossary
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 832
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: January 1, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323755924
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780323751520
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780323722124

About the Author

Ellen Hillegass

Affiliations and Expertise

Adjunct Faculty, Department of Physical Therapy, Emory University, Atlanta, GA; Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Consultant

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