Essential Rubber Formulary: Formulas for Practitioners

Essential Rubber Formulary: Formulas for Practitioners

1st Edition - March 22, 2007

Write a review

  • Author: Chellappa Chandrasekar
  • eBook ISBN: 9780815517092
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780815515395

Purchase options

Purchase options
DRM-free (PDF, EPub, Mobi)
Sales tax will be calculated at check-out

Institutional Subscription

Free Global Shipping
No minimum order


The author, a seasoned rubber technologist of four decades, provides more than 180 essential rubber formularies, some of which have never been published, that are used by practitioners the world over on a frequent basis. A special feature of the formulations is that they are designed for factory scale applications.The opening chapter of this indispensable book gives practical information on compounding techniques, coloring, ingredients, as well as a whole section on typical rubber testing methods. The book concludes with appendices useful for the technologist that include seven conversion tables and three tables on scorching of rubber, specific gravity and volume cost, equivalent chemical names for trade names.Designing a rubber formula on the factory floor demands knowledge of the whole undertaking, such as the physical nature of ingredients, the interaction of additives and the base rubber during compounding and processing, as well as making sure that the finished product conforms to specification and requirements. This book provides all the necessary knowledge for practitioners and students alike.


Rubber chemists and compounders in industry wherever rubber components are manufactured. Rubber formulators will find this book as useful as any in their collection.

Table of Contents

    1. Introduction
    2. Brief notes on compounding ingredients
    3. Some hints on rubber compounding techniques
    4. Note on Reclaimed rubber
    5. Rubber contents in products
    6. Note on Coloring of rubbers

    1. Thin Coatings
    Gray coating Hypalon
    Black coating Neoprene
    Black Brushing 1
    Black Brushing 2
    2. Oil seals and 'O' Rings
    Rotary seal Neoprene 85oA
    'O' Ring Neoprene 60oA
    Rotary seal Nitrile 60oA
    Rotary seal Nitrile 80oA
    Rotary seal Nitrile 75oA
    'O' Ring Nitrile 70oA
    'O' Ring Nitrile 1 60oA
    'O' Ring Nitrile 2 60oA
    'O' Ring SBR 55oA
    Rotary seal Natural rubber 85oA
    'O' Ring Natural rubber pipe coupling 60oA Rotary seal SBR 98oA
    Rotary seal Nitrile 75oA
    'O' Ring nitrile 60oA
    Rotary Seal Nitrile/SBR Blend 75oA
    Rotary Seal Neoprene 85oA
    Rotary Seal Neoprene 95oA
    'O' Ring Neoprene 65oA
    Butyl Rubber Seal 75oA
    Bromobutyl Seal 70oA
    'O' Ring Thiokol 55oA and 65oA
    Typical Nitrile Sealing Formulations for Airborne Application
    Rotary seal Hypalon 65oA and 70oA
    Rotary seal Nitrile/PVC Blend 80oA
    O Ring Nitrile/PVC Blend 65oA
    Rotary Seal Viton û Airborne
    Nitrile Ebonite for Oil Resistance
    3. Beltings-Transmission, Conveyor and V- Belts
    V-belt inner û Natural Rubber
    Cord friction compound
    Latex solution for cord dipping
    Transmission Belting
    Conveyor belt cover û Natural rubber
    Conveyor belt cover û flame proof
    Conveyor belt cover û SR/SBR blend
    Oil resistant raw-edge V-Belt
    4. Auto Rubber Components
    Shock absorber 55oA
    Shock absorber 65oA
    Shock absorber 1 60oA
    Shock absorber 2 60oA
    Stabilizer bar bush 60oA
    Stabilizer bar bush 67oA
    Adhesive bonding agent for fabric insertion sheets
    Repair cements for automotive Belts
    Metal bonded Engine moldingsû 45oA
    Tire flaps 60oA
    Window channel extrusion Natural rubber
    Window channel extrusion SBR
    Neoprene dust cover 58oA
    Automotive tire tube 45oA
    Low cost Butyl tube 45oA
    Car mat Natural rubber 70oA
    Bicycle tube 50oA & 45oA
    Wind screen wiper
    Nitrile rubber gasket moldings
    Metal bonded engine mounting 55oA
    Head lamp gasket (non-staining) 55oA
    General purpose heat resistant gasket (Natural rubber) 60oA
    Basic formula for oil resistant gasket (Natural rubber) 65oA
    General purpose rubber bush
    5. Retreading rubber compounds and cements
    Tire tread - Camel back 1
    Tire tread - Camel back 2
    Tire tread - Camel back 3
    Tire tread - Camel back 4
    Tire tread - Camel back 5
    Tire tread - Camel back 6
    Under tread strips
    Cushion gum compound
    Vulcanizing solution
    6. Industrial Rubber Rollers
    Cylinder 38 paper mill
    Cylinder 44 (White) paper mill
    Cylinder 55 paper mill
    Cylinder 65 paper mill
    Cylinder 56 (White) paper mill
    Cylinder 75 paper mill
    Cylinder 60 paper mill
    Cylinder 80 paper mill
    Cylinder 92 paper mill
    Cylinder 96 paper mill
    Cylinder 995 semi-ebonite
    Cylinder for steel industry (Natural Rubber) 65oA & 55oA
    Cylinder A for Textile Mill û Green
    Cylinder E Textiles
    Cylinder G Textiles
    Cylinder N55 Neoprene
    Cylinder N70 Neoprene
    Cylinder N75 Neoprene
    Cylinder N90 Neoprene
    Cylinder P72 Nitrile
    PN Roll for printing
    Cylinder O for Textiles
    Cylinder B (Beige) Textiles
    Cylinder H (Green Blue) Textiles
    Cylinder C (Red) Textiles
    Cylinder E ( Yellow Green) Textiles
    Cylinder F (Light Brown) Textiles
    Cylinder G (Light Green) Textiles
    EPDM roll for 15% HNO3 û Electroplating service
    Neoprene Printing roll 40oA-45oA
    Neoprene Hard roll (Non-Black) 85oA
    Hypalon roll (Black) 85oA
    Hypalon roll (White) 98oA
    Rubber roll for Tannery 60oA
    Rubber roll for Tannery 80oA
    7. Tank Lining and Adhesives
    Rubber lining for Digesters H2SO4
    Rubber lining for Drum filters H2SO4 Slurry
    Rubber lining for Iron Ore Slurry
    Adhesive solution for abrasion/wear resistant compound
    Rubber lining for wet chlorine
    Adhesive dissolution for ebonite lining
    Lining phosphoric acid storage tanks-A Natural rubber
    Lining phosphoric acid storage tanks-B Neoprene rubber
    Cold bond adhesive
    Mixture of solvents
    Chlorine resistant compound
    Semi-ebonite profiles for Drum filters
    Formulation for sulphuric acid/chlorine duty-drying towers
    Styrene Butadine ebonite for internals
    Ebonite lining suitable for hot water curing
    Natural rubber acid resistant strip
    Neoprene rubber acid and ozone resistant strip
    EPDM Lining for Nitric acid
    Bromobutyl lining for Ore beneficiation
    White Natural rubber lining - Pigmentation plants
    White Neoprene rubber lining - Pigmentation plants
    White Natural rubber/Neoprene blend for Pigmentation plants
    Chlorobutyl adhesive formulation for butyl lining
    Adhesive for patch work in rubber lined pipe
    Butyl lining for acid regeneration duty
    Flexible cell covers
    Butyl Membrane û Fisheries tank
    Low temperature curable bromobutyl
    Open steam curable natural rubber for phosphoric acid
    Rubber lining for 20% HCL acid
    Lining of Impellers for fumes of phosphoric acid
    Low water absorption neoprene lining
    Butyl lining for Digesters (without mineral fillers)
    Lining for Road tankers
    8. Grooved Rubber Pad for Railways
    9. Paddy dehusking roll
    Natural Rubber
    Carboxylated nitrile rubber
    10. Footwear rubber components
    Solid rubber soling
    Black heel
    Brown soling
    High Styrene Nitrile Sponge
    Natural sponge
    Rubber strap for sponge soling
    11. Hoses
    Nitrile Hose Outer
    Nitrile Hose Inner
    12. Typical ebonite formulations
    Typical fast curing ebonite
    13. Table Mats û Low cast, Average cost and Quality
    14. Rubber erasers
    Pencil eraser I
    Pencil eraser II
    Ink eraser I
    Ink eraser II
    Eraser for Typewriter
    15. Natural rubber study formulations û factory trials
    16. White Rubber Tiles
    17. Factory trials of Neoprene Moldables
    18. Proofing compounds for clothing and inflatables
    19. Wear resistant rubber for Mining Industry
    Typical slurry handling compound
    Typical Chute and launder lining compound
    20. Neoprene Molded Corks
    21. Low cost chemical resistant Neoprene canvas
    22. Battery Box
    23. Neoprene Washer for water taps
    24. Neoprene inner layer for isocynate bonded compounds
    25. Rubber bonded Anvil-Electronics Industry
    26. Solid Tires for Fork Lift Trucks
    27. Pharmaceutical bottle closures

Product details

  • No. of pages: 202
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © William Andrew 2007
  • Published: March 22, 2007
  • Imprint: William Andrew
  • eBook ISBN: 9780815517092
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780815515395

About the Author

Chellappa Chandrasekar

Dr. Chellappa Chandrasekaran has over 40 years of experience in the Rubber Industry as a Rubber Technologist, has been exposed to several user industries and has written several books on various topics in Rubber Technology.

Affiliations and Expertise

Can C Consulting, Chennai, India

Ratings and Reviews

Write a review

There are currently no reviews for "Essential Rubber Formulary: Formulas for Practitioners"