Equity and Justice in Social Behavior

Equity and Justice in Social Behavior

1st Edition - May 28, 1982

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  • Editors: Jerald Greenberg, Ronald L. Cohen
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483274126

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Equity and Justice in Social Behavior provides a critical assessment of the social psychological knowledge relevant to justice. This book illustrates how the broad concept of justice pervades the core literature of social psychology. Organized into 12 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the primary justice theories and identifies some of the focal issues with which they are concerned. This text then provides the necessary theoretical background for the study. Other chapters consider the various individual difference variables known to affect adherence to social justice norms. This book explains as well how the perceived causes of justice affect attempts to seek redress, and how actors and observers diverge in their perspectives about justice. The final chapter deals with the normative and instrumental interpretations that have been offered to explain justice behavior. This book is a valuable resource for social psychologists, social scientists, philosophers, political actors, theorists, and graduate students.

Table of Contents

  • Contributors




    Chapter 1 The Justice Concept in Social Psychology

    I. Introduction

    II. Initial Theoretical Statements in Social Psychology

    III. Recent Theoretical Statements in Social Psychology

    IV. Some Focal Issues

    V. Conclusion


    Chapter 2 Individual Differences in Justice Behavior

    I. Introduction

    II. Sex Differences in Justice Behavior

    III. Other Demographic Variables: Age and Nationality

    IV. Personality Variables and Justice Behavior

    V. Explaining Individual Differences in Justice Behavior

    VI. Conclusions and Prospects


    Chapter 3 Justice and the Awareness of Social Entities

    I. Tacit and Focal Awareness

    II. Awareness of the Other

    III. Awareness of the Self

    IV. Awareness of the Group

    V. Conclusions


    Chapter 4 Perceiving Justice: An Attributional Perspective

    I. Introduction

    II. Attributions of Cause and Responsibility

    III. The Role of Attributions injustice

    IV. Conclusion


    Chapter 5 Equity in Attitude Formation and Change

    I. Attitudinal Implications of Inequity

    II. Behavioral Implications of Inequity

    III. Summary and Conclusions


    Chapter 6 Effects of Conformity Pressure on Justice Behavior

    I. Introduction

    II. Norms, Conformity, and Justice

    III. Elasticity of the Distributive Justice Calculus

    IV. Facilitating and Impeding Justice

    V. Epilogue


    Chapter 7 Moral Evaluation in Intimate Relationships

    I. Introduction

    II. The Nature of Intimacy

    III. Fairness in Interpersonal Relations

    IV. Fairness in Intimate Relationships

    V. Fairness in Parent-Child Relationships

    VI. Concluding Comment


    Chapter 8 Prosocial Behavior, Equity, and Justice

    I. Sharing and Resource Allocation: Distributive Justice

    II. Redressing Inequity: Compensatory Helping

    III. Redressing Inequity: Prosocial Reciprocity

    IV. Prosocial Behavior, Equity, and Justice: General Conclusions


    Chapter 9 Aggression and Inequity

    I. Introduction

    II. A Brief Overview of Equity Theory

    III. The Application of Equity Theory to Aggressor-Victim Relationships

    IV. Beyond Equity Theory

    V. A Concluding Note


    Chapter 10 Equity and Social Exchange

    I. Equity

    II. Social Exchange Theory

    III. Equity and Social Exchange

    IV. The Social Psychology of Equity

    V. Conclusion


    Chapter 11 Approaching Equity and Avoiding Inequity in Groups and Organizations

    I. Prologue

    II. Reactive Avoidance of Inequity

    III. Proactive Approaching of Equity

    IV. Epilogue


    Chapter 12 Why Justice? Normative and Instrumental Interpretations

    I. Introduction

    II. Justice as Normative

    III. Justice as Instrumental

    IV. Some Additional Considerations and Future Directions

    V. Summary


    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 514
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1982
  • Published: May 28, 1982
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483274126

About the Editors

Jerald Greenberg

Affiliations and Expertise

Fisher College of Business, Ohio State University, Columbus, USA

Ronald L. Cohen

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