Description

This book has been prepared under the auspices of Commission I.2 on Thermodynamics of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC). The authors of the 18 chapters are all recognized experts in the field. The book gives an up-to-date presentation of equations of state for fluids and fluid mixtures.
All principal approaches for developing equations of state are covered. The theoretical basis and practical use of each type of equation is discussed and the strength and weaknesses of each is addressed. Topics addressed include the virial equation of state, cubic equations and generalized van der Waals equations, perturbation theory, integral equations, corresponding stated and mixing rules. Special attention is also devoted to associating fluids, polydisperse fluids, polymer systems, self-assembled systems, ionic fluids and fluids near critical points.

Readership

For post graduate researchers in the fields of chemical engineering, mechanical engineering, chemistry and physics.

Table of Contents

PART I. Introduction (J.V. Sengers et al.). Fundamental Considerations (M.B. Ewing, C.J. Peters). Introduction. Basic Thermodynamics. Deviation Functions. Mixing and Departure Functions. Mixing and Excess Functions. Partial Molar Properties. Fugacity and Fugacity Coefficients. Activity Coefficients. The Phase Rule. Equilibrium Conditions. Stability and the Critical State. The Virial Equation of State (J.P.M. Trusler). Introduction. Thermodynamic Properties of Gases. Theory. Calculation and Estimation of Virial Coefficients. Summary. Cubic and Generalized van der Waals Equations (A. Anderko). Cubic Equations of State for Pure Components. Equations Based on the Generalized van der Waals Theory. Simple Equations inspired by the Generalized van der Waals Theory. Methods for Extending Equations of State to Mixtures. Explicit Treatment of Association in Empirical Equations of State. Equations of State as Fully Predictive Models. Closing Remarks. Perturbation Theory (T. Boublik). Introduction. Basic Concepts of Perturbation Theory. Perturbation Theories of Pure Simple Fluids. Mixtures of Simple Fluids. Perturbation Theories of Molecular Fluids. Mixtures of Molecular Fluids. Conclusions. Equations of State from Analytically Solvable Integral-Equation Approximations (Yu.V. Kalyuzhnyi, P.T. Cummings). Introduction. Baxter/Wertheim Factorization of the Ornstein-Zernike Equation. Equation of State for Analytically Solvable Models of Simple Fluids. Equation of State for Analytically Solvable Models of Molecular Fluids. Equation of State for Analytically Solvable Models of Associating Fluids. Conclusion. Quasilattice Equations of State for Molecular Fluids (N.A. Smirnova, A.V. Victorov). Introduction. Basic Features of Lattice Theories; Structure of a Quasilattice EOS. Influence of Mole

Details

No. of pages:
896
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2000
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier Science
Electronic ISBN:
9780080531182
Print ISBN:
9780444503848

About the authors