Epizootic Ulcerative Fish Disease Syndrome - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128025048, 9780128026427

Epizootic Ulcerative Fish Disease Syndrome

1st Edition

Authors: Devashish Kar
Paperback ISBN: 9780128025048
eBook ISBN: 9780128026427
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st September 2015
Page Count: 314
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Epizootic Ulcerative Fish Disease Syndrome covers both the background and current information on the EUS disease relevant to fisheries and aquaculture delivered in a systematic and succinct way.

The book is an essential resource for the aquaculture and fisheries researcher interested in finding solutions to the spread of the disease across the globe and students in relevant programs, including an in-depth description and analysis of the disease, as well as the structure and composition of the virus, while offering prevention and control methodologies.

Clinical veterinarians, aquaculture disease practitioners, farmers, and those who are interested in aquatic virology will find this book to be a useful guide on the topic.

Key Features

  • Examines different manifestations of the disease, and includes different methodologies of studies, such as histopathological, histochemical, bacteriological, mycological, virological, and enzymological
  • Provides background information describing fish as a significant food source and avocation, the diversity of fishes in the globe, and the panorama of diseases fish can be exposed to
  • Describes all major species affected by EUS and its pattern of spread, along with suggested strategies for control and prevention


fish farmers, aquaculturists, and fish and fishery scientists; research scholars and students in Fishery Science and Aquaculture, Zoology, and Life Science; and administrators and policy makers

Table of Contents

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  • Dedication
  • About the Author
  • Foreword
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 1. Introduction
    • 1.1. About Fish
    • 1.2. About Fish Diversity
    • 1.3. About Fish Disease
    • 1.4. Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome (EUS)
  • Chapter 2. Origin of the Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome Problem
    • 2.1. Distribution
    • 2.2. Origin of the Problem
    • 2.3. Chronology, Status, and Major Outbreaks in the World
    • 2.4. Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome Disease and Disaster Response
  • Chapter 3. Efforts in Unraveling the Enigmatic Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome and Review of Current Status on its Research and Development
    • 3.1. Introduction
    • 3.2. Review of Current Status on Research and Development on EUS
  • Chapter 4. Epidemiological Study
    • 4.1. Details of Epidemiology
    • 4.2. Major Species Affected
    • 4.3. Epidemiology and Pattern of Spread of Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome
    • 4.4. Causal Hypothesis and Model for the Disease
    • 4.5. Episodes of Fish Kills
    • 4.6. Management of Epidemiological Episodes
  • Chapter 5. Pathology of Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome
    • 5.1. Pathology of Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome
    • 5.2. Diagnosis
    • 5.3. General Signs of Disease
    • 5.4. External Signs of Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome
    • 5.5. Gross Pathological Signs of Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome
    • 5.6. Clinical Signs of Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome
    • 5.7. Clinical Signs and Pathology
    • 5.8. General Symptoms and Gross Pathology
    • 5.9. Gross Pathology and Light Microscopy
    • 5.10. Clinical Pathology
    • 5.11. Species Affected
    • 5.12. Less Susceptible Species
    • 5.13. Species in Relation to EUS
    • 5.14. Host Factors
    • 5.15. Pathogens Involved
    • 5.16. Possible Causes (Etiology)
    • 5.17. How Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome Is Said to Spread
    • 5.18. Persistent Infection with Lifelong Carriers
    • 5.19. Similar Diseases
  • Chapter 6. Aspects of Investigation of Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome Outbreaks
    • 6.1. Introduction
    • 6.2. Review of Literature
    • 6.3. Stress-Inducing Parameters and the Underlying Concept of Stress
    • 6.4. General Adaptation Syndrome
    • 6.5. Climate Vis-à-Vis Seasonality
    • 6.6. Environmental Parameters of Significance to Fish Health
    • 6.7. Works by the Author of the Present Treatise
    • 6.8. Similar Works Done on Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome by Other Workers
    • 6.9. Related Works on Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome Done by Other Workers
    • 6.10. Works Done by Different Workers in Different Places
    • 6.11. Works Done on Different Parameters Related to Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome
    • 6.12. Works Done on EUS in Relation to Socioeconomics
    • 6.13. Taxonomic Analysis
    • 6.14. Etiological Agents of EUS
    • 6.15. Recommendations for Future Work
    • 6.16. Concluding Remarks
    • 6.17. Summary
  • Chapter 7. Histopathological, Hematological, Histochemical, and Enzymological Studies of Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome
    • 7.1. Details of Clinical Symptoms and Histopathology
    • 7.2. Details of Hematological, Histochemical, and Enzymological Studies
  • Chapter 8. Methodologies of Different Types of Studies
    • 8.1. Physicochemical Characteristics of Water
    • 8.2. Physicochemical Characteristics of Soil
    • 8.3. Morphological and Anatomical Studies
    • 8.4. Histopathological and Hematological Studies
    • 8.5. Bacteriological Study
    • 8.6. Mycological Studies
    • 8.7. Virological Study
    • 8.8. Electron Microscopic Study
    • 8.9. Fish Sampling for Parasitological Works
  • Chapter 9. Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome Works in Relation to Different Aspects
    • 9.1. Human-Induced Factors
    • 9.2. Some Pertinent Information About Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome
    • 9.3. Information Pertaining to Physical and Chemical Characteristics
    • 9.4. Aspects of Hygiene
    • 9.5. Aspects of Food and Management
    • 9.6. Conclusions
  • Chapter 10. Control (Treatment) of Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome
    • 10.1. Introduction
    • 10.2. Therapeutic Application in Diseased Fish
    • 10.3. Systemic Treatments via the Diet
    • 10.4. Parenteral Treatment
    • 10.5. Additional Information
    • 10.6. Prophylaxis (Prevention)
    • 10.7. Control
    • 10.8. Treatment
    • 10.9. Remedial Measures
    • 10.10. Vaccination
    • 10.11. Chemotherapy
    • 10.12. Restocking with Resistant Species
    • 10.13. Disinfection of Eggs and Larvae
    • 10.14. Conclusion
  • Chapter 11. Monitoring of Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome
    • 11.1. Introduction
    • 11.2. Diseases among FW Fishes
    • 11.3. Disease Information and Its Sources
    • 11.4. Carp Hatcheries and Nurseries: Their Status
    • 11.5. Disease Occurrences in Hatcheries and Nurseries
    • 11.6. Development in Aquaculture and Problems of Diseases
    • 11.7. Similarities and Differences: Livestock Production and Aquaculture
    • 11.8. Aquatic Animal Health: Possible Lessons from Livestock
    • 11.9. Livestock and Aquaculture Health Systems: How Are Diseases and Other Issues Changing?
    • 11.10. Interest among Consumers
    • 11.11. Disease Monitoring and the Government
    • 11.12. Disease Problems and Their impacts
    • 11.13. Impacts of Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome on Society
    • 11.14. Categorization of Impacts
    • 11.15. Fish Farmers
    • 11.16. Fish Health Workers
    • 11.17. Monitoring Exercise of Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome
    • 11.18. Case Study
  • Chapter 12. Quarantine and Health Certification
    • 12.1. Introduction
    • 12.2. Survey of Works
    • 12.3. Transboundary Animal Diseases
    • 12.4. Fish and Livestock Health: Major Issues
    • 12.5. Addressing Disease Problems in Small-Scale AQC
    • 12.6. Rules and Regulations
    • 12.7. Research
    • 12.8. Conclusion
  • Chapter 13. Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome and the Economy of the Nation
    • 13.1. Introduction
    • 13.2. Freshwater Fisheries Sector
    • 13.3. Promising AQC and Socioeconomics
    • 13.4. Paddy-cum-Fish Culture and Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome
    • 13.5. Livestock versus AQC
    • 13.6. Inputs through Agriculture
    • 13.7. Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome, the Hitherto Unknown Fish Disease
    • 13.8. The Risk Factors
    • 13.9. Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome and the Loss to Economy
    • 13.10. Conclusion
  • Chapter 14. Conclusions and Recommendations
    • 14.1. Introduction
    • 14.2. Disease and Its Etiology
    • 14.3. Definition of Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome
    • 14.4. Conclusion
    • 14.5. Recommendations
    • 14.6. Summary
  • Index


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© Academic Press 2016
1st September 2015
Academic Press
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About the Author

Devashish Kar

Dr Devashish Kar is a pioneer and preeminent researcher in India in the fields of wetlands, rivers, fisheries, and aquaculture. He completed his master’s program at the University of Gauhati with specializations in Fishery Science and Aquaculture. He was awarded a PhD by the University of Gauhati for his outstanding work in the “beel” (wetlands) fisheries of Assam. On a prestigious British Council Study Fellowship Award, Dr Kar was in King’s College London for its nine-month Advanced Training in Science Education program. Dr Kar was awarded the prestigious Biotechnology National Associateship by the Indian government’s Department of Biotechnology (DBT) for his pioneering research in the field of fish disease, particularly in tackling the dreadful epizootic ulcerative syndrome (EUS) fish disease in India and for conducting further research in defining EUS in collaboration with the National Institute of Virology, Pune. As convener, Dr Kar has organized a number of national and international symposia and workshops in the fields of wetlands, fisheries, and aquaculture, including ornamental fishes, in collaboration with DBT, DST, CSIR, ICAR, MOEF, UGC, and MPEDA. These events have been attended by preeminent scientific personalities, notably Prof. Asis Datta, Prof. Samir Bhattachryya, Dr K.C. Jayaram, and others. Dr Kar has presented papers and chaired scientific sessions at a large number of national and international symposia both in India and abroad, notably the Gordon Research Conference in the United States; 2nd International Symposium on GIS/Spatial Analysis in Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences in England during 2002; Lake Symposium at IISc, Bangalore (2000, 2002, 2010, 2012, and 2014, including chairing sessions); and Indian Science Congress (2012 and 2013, including chairing sessions), to name a few. He also has published in more than 190 national and international journals. Of particular note, 16 research scholars have been awarded MPhil and PhD degrees under his supervision. Professor Kar has authored 34 books (14 books singleauthored by him), including one published by Springer (London) and one in press with Elsevier (USA). Also, the book Community Based Fisheries Management is in press with Apple Academic Press (USA).

As President of Conservation Forum, Dr Kar has made a profound contribution to the Society in Environmentrelated works in collaboration with Prof. Madhav Gadgil of the Indian Institute of Science (Retd.), Bangalore. In addition to being Editor of the Conservation Forum Journal, Dr Kar is a Scientific Fellow of the Zoological Society of London and a Fellow of the Linnean Society of London; Fellow of the Zoological Society, Calcutta; Fellow of the Applied Zoologists Research Association; Fellow of the Society of Environmental Biologists; Fellow of the Inland Fisheries Society of India; and others. At the moment, Dr Devashish Kar is seniormost Professor and the Dean of the School of Life Sciences in Assam (Central) University at Silchar, India.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Department of Life Science and Bioinformatics, and Dean, School of Life Sciences, Assam University, Silchar, India

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