Epitaxial Growth of Complex Metal Oxides

Epitaxial Growth of Complex Metal Oxides

2nd Edition - April 22, 2022

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  • Editors: Gertjan Koster, Mark Huijben, Guus Rijnders
  • eBook ISBN: 9780081029466
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780081029459

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Epitaxial Growth of Complex Metal Oxides, Second Edition reviews techniques and recent developments in the fabrication quality of complex metal oxides, which are facilitating advances in electronic, magnetic and optical applications. Sections review the key techniques involved in the epitaxial growth of complex metal oxides and explore the effects of strain and stoichiometry on crystal structure and related properties in thin film oxides. Finally, the book concludes by discussing selected examples of important applications of complex metal oxide thin films, including optoelectronics, batteries, spintronics and neuromorphic applications. This new edition has been fully updated, with brand new chapters on topics such as atomic layer deposition, interfaces, STEM-EELs, and the epitaxial growth of multiferroics, ferroelectrics and nanocomposites.

Key Features

  • Examines the techniques used in epitaxial thin film growth for complex oxides, including atomic layer deposition, sputtering techniques, molecular beam epitaxy, and chemical solution deposition techniques
  • Reviews materials design strategies and materials property analysis methods, including the impacts of defects, strain, interfaces and stoichiometry
  • Describes key applications of epitaxially grown metal oxides, including optoelectronics, batteries, spintronics and neuromorphic applications


Materials Scientists and Engineers, Physicists, Chemists, those working in manufacturing, suitable for academics and R&D

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • List of contributors
  • Preface
  • Part One.
  • 1. Growth studies of heteroepitaxial oxide thin films using reflection high-energy electron diffraction
  • 1. Introduction: RHEED and pulsed laser deposition
  • 2. Basic principles of RHEED
  • 3. Variations of the specular intensity during deposition
  • 4. RHEED intensity variations during heteroepitaxy: examples
  • 5. Other templates
  • 6. Postdeposition RHEED
  • 7. Conclusions
  • 2. Sputtering techniques for epitaxial growth of complex oxides
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. General considerations for sputtering of complex oxides
  • 3. A practical guide to the sputtered growth of perovskite titanate ferroelectrics
  • 4. Conclusions
  • 3. Hybrid oxide molecular beam epitaxy
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Metal-organic precursors for oxide HMBE
  • 3. Deposition kinetics of binary oxides from MO precursors
  • 4. Opening a growth window with MO precursors
  • 5. Properties of materials grown by hybrid oxide MBE
  • 6. Limitations of HMBE and future developments
  • 4. Chemical solution deposition of oxide thin films
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Reagents and solvents
  • 3. Types of CSD processes
  • 4. Film and pattern formation
  • 5. Crystallization, densification, and epitaxy
  • 6. Examples of CSD-derived oxide films
  • 7. Conclusions
  • 5. Epitaxial growth of superconducting oxides
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Overview of epitaxial growth of superconducting oxides
  • 3. Requirements for growth of high-quality complex metal-oxide films by molecular-beam epitaxy
  • 4. Case studies
  • 5. Synthesis of new superconductors by thin-film growth methods
  • 6. Conclusions and future trends
  • 7. Sources of further information and advice
  • 6. Interface-induced effects on the polarization response of epitaxial ferroelectric thin films—an experimental study and theoretical analysis
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Model interface structure and sample description
  • 3. Effects of SRO/PZT interface on ferroelectric properties
  • 4. Discussion and conclusions
  • Part Two.
  • 7. Strain engineering during epitaxial growth of oxides
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Crystal structures of perovskites and related oxides
  • 3. Lattice mismatch-induced stress accommodation in oxide thin films
  • 4. Effect of misfit strain-induced distortions on transport and magnetic properties
  • 5. Conclusions and future directions
  • 8. Defects in oxide crystals: nanoscale and interfacial effects
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Ion transport in oxide crystals: yttria stabilized zirconia and oxide pyrochlores
  • 3. Space charge effects at grain boundaries
  • 4. Effects of epitaxial strain on ion transport at oxide interfaces
  • 5. Novel functionalities of oxygen vacancies in ferroelectric tunnel junctions
  • 9. Interfaces
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Introduction to oxide interface
  • 3. Interface engineering knobs
  • 4. Manipulation of interface states
  • 5. Conclusions and perspectives
  • 10. Stoichiometry in epitaxial oxide thin films
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. General aspects of stoichiometry transfer in physical vapor deposition techniques
  • 3. Cation stoichiometry transfer during PLD growth
  • 4. Adjustment of the oxygen stoichiometry during PLD growth
  • 5. Accommodation of nonstoichiometry in oxide thin films
  • 6. Impact of nonstoichiometry on oxide thin film properties
  • 7. Future trends
  • 8. Sources of further information
  • 11. In situ X-ray scattering of epitaxial oxide thin films
  • 1. X-ray toolkits for probing surface/interface: an expanding list
  • 2. Watching surface/interface evolution for epitaxial oxide synthesis
  • 3. Interrogating emergent properties at oxide interfaces
  • 4. Probing functional epitaxial oxide heterostructures for energy harvesting
  • 5. Future perspectives
  • 12. Scanning probe microscopy of epitaxial oxide thin films
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Basic principles of scanning probe microscopy
  • 3. Scanning probe microscopy studies of CMR manganite thin films
  • 4. Scanning probe microscopy study on ferroelectric and multiferroic thin films
  • 5. Cross-sectional scanning tunneling microscopy, spectroscopy, and electrochemical strain microscopy
  • 6. Projective views on microscopic characterization of epitaxial oxide films
  • 13. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy and spectroscopy of epitaxial metal oxides
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Transmission electron microscopies and spectroscopies
  • 3. Application of quantitative HRTEM based on NCSI
  • 4. Application of quantitative STEM and spectroscopy
  • 5. Conclusions
  • Part Three.
  • 14. Optical properties and characterization of oxide thin films and heterostructures
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Fundamentals of optical spectroscopy
  • 3. Optical band gap engineering of oxide heterostructures
  • 4. Optical probing of correlated electronic behaviors
  • 5. Evolution of electronic structure in low-dimensional oxides
  • 6. Spectroscopic understanding of electrochemical behaviors
  • 7. Operando spectroscopic characterization
  • 8. Summary and outlook
  • 15. High-performance electrostrictor oxide thin films
  • 1. Introduction into classical electrostriction
  • 2. Applications
  • 3. Nonclassical electrostriction
  • 4. Gd-doped ceria thin films
  • 5. Conclusions and future perspective
  • 16. Spintronics: an application of complex metal oxides
  • 1. Introduction: present stakes for spintronics
  • 2. Magnetic interactions in complex metal oxides
  • 3. Spintronic techniques
  • 4. Complex oxide electrodes for spintronics
  • 5. Spacers with intrinsic functionality
  • 6. Spintronic opportunities at oxide heterointerfaces
  • 7. Conclusions and perspectives
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 532
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2022
  • Published: April 22, 2022
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • eBook ISBN: 9780081029466
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780081029459

About the Editors

Gertjan Koster

Gertjan Koster is a Professor at the University of Twente in the Netherlands. He is also a visiting professor at the Joseph Stephan Institute in Slovenia. His current research focuses on the growth and study of artificial materials, the physics of reduced scale (nanoscale) materials, metal–insulator transitions, and in situ spectroscopic characterization.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, MESA+ Institute for Nanotechnology,University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands

Mark Huijben

Mark Huijben is a Professor at the University of Twente in the Netherlands. He is also a Guest Scientist of the IEK-1 Electrochemical Storage Department at Forschungszentrum Jülich in Germany. His research currently focuses on nanostructured thin films for advanced energy conversion and storage.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, MESA+ Institute for Nanotechnology, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands.

Guus Rijnders

Guus Rijnders is a Professor and Chairman of Inorganic Materials Science, University of Twente, Enschede, Netherlands. His research currently focuses on the integration of functional and smart materials with electronic and microelectromechanical systems (MEMS).

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, MESA+ Institute for Nanotechnology, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands

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