Epigenetic Shaping of Sociosexual Interactions: From Plants to Humans - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128002223, 9780128003336

Epigenetic Shaping of Sociosexual Interactions: From Plants to Humans, Volume 86

1st Edition

Serial Volume Editors: Daisuke Yamamoto
eBook ISBN: 9780128003336
Hardcover ISBN: 9780128002223
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 20th August 2014
Page Count: 326
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Table of Contents

  • Advances in Genetics, Volume 86
  • Preface
  • Chapter One. Genomic Imprinting in Plants: What Makes the Functions of Paternal and Maternal Genes Different in Endosperm Formation?
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. When Does Genomic Imprinting Occur?
    • 3. Why Does Genomic Imprinting Occur?
    • 4. How Does Genomic Imprinting Occur? Mechanisms of Genomic Imprinting
    • 5. The Role of Genomic Imprinting in Plants: Function as a Reproductive Barrier
    • 6. Perspectives
  • Chapter Two. MicroRNAs and Epigenetics in Adult Neurogenesis
    • 1. Effects of MicroRNAs on Neurogenesis
    • 2. Neurogenesis Regulation by Specific miRNAs
    • 3. Oligodendrocyte Differentiation and miRNAs
    • 4. Astrocyte Differentiation and miRNAs
    • 5. Impact of Environmental Factors on Adult Neurogenesis
    • 6. miRNAs and Neuronal Disorders
  • Chapter Three. An Epigenetic Switch of the Brain Sex as a Basis of Gendered Behavior in Drosophila
    • 1. Courtship Behavior of Drosophila melanogaster
    • 2. Fru Is a Sex-Determination Gene
    • 3. Fru Proteins as Putative Transcription Factors
    • 4. Fru and Dsx Proteins Specify Sex Types of Single Neurons
    • 5. The mAL Neural Cluster as a Model to Study Single-Cell Sex Differences
    • 6. Chromatin Modification as a Plausible Mechanistic Basis for the Actions of FruM
    • 7. FruM Plays a Role in the All-or-None Sex Switching of Single Neurons
    • 8. Are the Two Stable States Attained by Graded Changes in FruM Activity?
    • 9. Prospects
  • Chapter Four. Neural Transposition in the Drosophila Brain: Is It All Bad News?
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Fruit Fly Transposons
    • 3. Methods to Study Mobile Element Activity
    • 4. Host Cell Defense Mechanisms
    • 5. Impact of Transposons on the Host Cell
    • 6. Timing of Transposon Activity
    • 7. Transposons in Neurological Disease and Decline
    • 8. Cellular Mosaicism and Behavioral Individuality
    • 9. Is There Anything Good to Say?
  • Chapter Five. Fine-Tuning Notes in the Behavioral Symphony: Parent-of-Origin Allelic Gene Expression in the Brain
    • 1. Epigenetics: Shaping Behavior
    • 2. Dio3: A Case Study
    • 3. Evolutionary Significance of Varied Allelic Expression in Brain
  • Chapter Six. Influencing the Social Group: The Role of Imprinted Genes
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Regulation
    • 3. Imprinted Genes Implicated in Social Behaviors
    • 4. Imprinted Genes: Action or Reaction?
    • 5. Summary and Conclusions
  • Chapter Seven. The Potential Role of SRY in Epigenetic Gene Regulation During Brain Sexual Differentiation in Mammals
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. SRY and Sex Determination
    • 3. Sexual Differentiation in the Brain
    • 4. Epigenetics of Brain Sexual Differentiation
    • 5. Discussion
    • 6. Perspectives
  • Chapter Eight. The Biological Basis of Human Sexual Orientation: Is There a Role for Epigenetics?
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. The Genetics of Sexual Orientation
    • 3. Epigenetics and Sexual Orientation in Humans
    • 4. Molecular Mechanisms Underlying the Long-term Effects of Hormones
    • 5. Conclusion
  • Chapter Nine. Repetitive Elements and Epigenetic Marks in Behavior and Psychiatric Disease
    • 1. Repetitive Elements
    • 2. Pathology of Transposition
    • 3. Benefits of Transposition
    • 4. Function of Repeat Elements in the Normal Brain and Behavior
    • 5. Epigenetics
    • 6. Summary and Conclusions
  • Chapter Ten. Epigenetic Modifications Underlying Symbiont–Host Interactions
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Unicellular Symbiotic Associations
    • 3. Plant–Symbiont Associations
    • 4. Coral–Algae Interaction
    • 5. Insects
    • 6. Vertebrate Gut Microbiota
    • 7. MicroRNAs As Epigenetic Regulators of Symbiotic Associations
    • 8. Conclusions
  • Chapter Eleven. Integrating Early Life Experience, Gene Expression, Brain Development, and Emergent Phenotypes: Unraveling the Thread of Nature via Nurture
    • 1. Early Life Development and Transmission of Phenotype
    • 2. Epigenetic Control of Gene Expression: Molecules of Cellular Programming and Inheritance
    • 3. The Primary Epigenetic Mark: Gene Silencing by DNA Methylation
    • 4. DNA Methylation Reversed: Active DNA Demethylation in the Nervous System
    • 5. Histone Modifications: Regulation of Chromatin Structure and Fine-Tuning of Gene Function
    • 6. Interpretation of Epigenetic Modifications: Toward Cracking the Code
    • 7. Epigenetic Marks: Linking Maternal Nutrition and Child Health and Beyond
    • 8. Maternal Care and Epigenetic Programming of Phenotypic Differences in Behavior
    • 9. Conserved Epigenetic Sensitivity to Early Life Experience in Humans: It is in Your Blood
    • 10. Regulation of Synaptic Transmission, Neuronal Plasticity, and Cognitive Function
    • 11. Influence of Chromatin Plasticity on Major Neuropsychiatric Disease
    • 12. Concluding Remarks
  • Index
  • Color Plate

Description

Epigenetic Shaping of Sociosexual Interactions: From Plants to Humans is the first attempt to interpret the higher social functions of organisms. This volume covers an extraordinarily wide range of biological research and provides a novel framework for understanding human-specific brain functions.

Key Features

  • Covers an extraordinarily wide range of biological research
  • Provides a novel framework for understanding human-specific brain functions.

Readership

Biologists and sociologists.


Details

No. of pages:
326
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2014
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780128003336
Hardcover ISBN:
9780128002223

Reviews

Praise for previous volumes in the series:
"Outstanding both in variety and in the quality of its contributions." –Nature

"Can be highly recommended to geneticists, and biologists in general...will prove to be of high importance for the development of the science of genetics." --Science


About the Serial Volume Editors

Daisuke Yamamoto Serial Volume Editor

Daisuke Yamamoto was graduated from the Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology in 1976, and earned his PhD in 1981 from Hokkaido University. He joined Mitsubishi Kasei Institute of Life Sciences as a researcher in 1980, and worked there until 1999. For two years from 1981, he was trained as a postdoctoral fellow at Northwestern University Medical School, USA. In 1999, he was appointed as a professor in Waseda University. He assumed the current professor post at Tohoku University in April 2005, and became a distinguished professor in 2011. Yamamoto specializes in behavior genetics, particularly of fruit fly mating behaviour.

Affiliations and Expertise

Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan