Epigenetic Mechanisms of the Cambrian Explosion

Epigenetic Mechanisms of the Cambrian Explosion

1st Edition - October 12, 2019

Write a review

  • Author: Nelson Cabej
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128143117
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128143124

Purchase options

Purchase options
DRM-free (Mobi, EPub, PDF)
Sales tax will be calculated at check-out

Institutional Subscription

Free Global Shipping
No minimum order


Epigenetic Mechanisms of the Cambrian Explosion provides readers with a basic biological knowledge and epigenetic explanation of the biological puzzle of the Cambrian explosion, the unprecedented rapid diversification of animals that began 542 million years ago. During an evolutionarily instant of ~10 million years, which represents only 0.3% of the time of existence of life on Earth, or less than 2% of the time of existence of metazoans, all of the 30 extant body plans, major animal groups (phyla) and several extinct groups appeared. The work helps address this phenomena and tries to answer remaining questions for evolutionary biology, epigenetics, and scientific researchers. The book recognizes and presents objective representations of alternative theories for epigenetic evolution in this period, with the author drawing on his epigenetic theory of evolution to explain the causal basis of the Cambrian explosion. Both empirical evidence and theoretical arguments are presented in support of this thought-provoking epigenetic theory.

Key Features

  • Explains the Cambrian explosion from an entirely epigenetic view
  • Takes a causal rather than descriptive approach to the phenomenon
  • Allows for a broad readership, including those with only a basic biological knowledge, while maintaining scientific rigor


Evolutionary biologists, evolutionary geneticists, developmental biologists, biology graduates and postgraduates, palaeontologists, ecologists; physicians, clinicians, residents, postdocs, and graduate students in genetic and genomic medicine

Table of Contents

  • Chapter I. The Precambrian Evolution

    Presents a general picture of the emergence of the animal life, transitions to primitive metazoans found in the fossil record from approximately 700 to 1,000 million years ago until the appearance of the eumetazoans about half a billion years ago. Delves into causes of the almost half billion years evolutionary stasis that characterized this stage of metazoan life. The reasons why Precambrian evolution of metazoans hit a dead end and its fauna became extinct are thoroughly examined.

    - Pre-Cambrian fauna of ‘unprogrammed’ forms

    -Physical factors in the driving seat

    - 3 billion years of evolutionary stasis

    - Sponges and placozoans as dead ends of evolution

    Chapter II. The Ediacaran fauna - the prelude to the Cambrian explosion

    Although multicellular animals evolved between 700 and 1,000 million years ago, only the latter stage of the Precambrian forms of 580-545 million years ago is studied in some detail. This stage of the Cambrian explosion is now adequately described; the emergence and evolution of Ediacaran forms are discussed. Causes of their extinction and evolutionary stasis as well as possible relations of Ediacaran fauna with the Cambrian forms are discussed.

    - Ediacaran pioneers of the Cambrian explosion

    - The second informational revolution and the Cnidarian breakthrough

    - Differentiation of neuron and neural net: the new type of the control system

    - The neuron and the neural net: a result or enabler of the complexity?

    - Memorization limitations of the neural net and the extinction of the Ediacaran fauna

    Chapter III. The Evolution of Epigenetic Mechanisms of the Cambrian Explosion

    With the genetic toolkit demonstrated to have preceded the emergence of phanerozoic fauna, the essential change relevant to the Cambrian Explosion seems to have been the emergence and rapid evolution of the neuron, neural net and the centralization of the nervous system, the evolution of new epigenetic mechanisms and the epigenetic system of inheritance, which seems to have been responsible for memorizing and transmitting the blueprint of the supracellular parental structures to the progeny.

    - Generation of the epigenetic information for supracellular structure

    - Evolution of the mechanism of binary control of gene expression

    - Evolution of the neural control of epigenetic structures

    - Epigenetic control of the patterns of placement of parental factors in gametes

    - The phylotypic stage: Why should it evolve at all?

    - The epigenetic control of the post-phylotypic development

    Chapter IV. Evolution of Body Plans and the Cambrian explosion

    Provides a succinct description of the hypotheses on causes of the Cambrian Explosion and discusses their scientific validity. Based on the author’s epigenetic theory of evolution, a detailed explanation is presented on the mechanisms and driving forces of the sudden emergence and unprecedented rapid evolution of animal forms during the Cambrian, which is incompatible with the Darwinian model of gradual evolution.

    - Cambrian explosion is a fact not a peleontological artifact

    - Overcoming computation limitations of the neural net - Centralization and growth of the nervous system

    - From gradual to the saltational evolution of animals.

    - On the highway of evolution: bilaterians shift the gears

    - Major morphological results:

    - bilateral symmetry and body plans

    - advent of triploblasty

    - establishment of anterior-posterior axis

    - establishment of ventral-dorsal axis,

    - advent of specialized organs and organ systems.

Product details

  • No. of pages: 256
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2019
  • Published: October 12, 2019
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128143117
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128143124

About the Author

Nelson Cabej

Nelson R. Cabej earned his PhD in biology at the University of Tirana, Albania, and currently serves as a researcher in the Department of Biology at the same university. His scientific career began with research in the fields of epizootiology, immunology and molecular biology at the Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Tirana, Albania. He also previously taught general biology at the University of Tirana and William Paterson College, Wayne, New Jersey, USA. He has published more than 50 scientific articles and 20 books in the fields of evolutionary biology, epigenetics, developmental biology and philosophy of biology, including 4 books with Elsevier: Building The Most Complex Structure On Earth (2013); Epigenetic Principles of Evolution, Second Edition (2018); Epigenetic Mechanisms of the Cambrian Explosion (2019); and The Inductive Brain in Development and Evolution (2021).

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Biology, University of Tirana, Tirana, Albania

Ratings and Reviews

Write a review

There are currently no reviews for "Epigenetic Mechanisms of the Cambrian Explosion"