Environmental Toxicology of Pesticides

Environmental Toxicology of Pesticides

1st Edition - January 28, 1972

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  • Author: Matsumura
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323138253

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Description

Environmental Toxicology of Pesticides provides an overview of the state of knowledge in the major pesticidal subject areas and describes the efforts and approaches underway in solving or understanding these problems. The book emerged from the United States-Japan seminar on ""Environmental Toxicology of Pesticides"" held in Oiso, Japan, in October 1971. The purpose of the seminar was to discuss and exchange ideas and technology on the problems associated with pesticidal contamination in these two countries. The book is organized into eight parts. Part I reviews pesticide use and contamination levels in Japan, the United States, and Britain. Part II examines the environmental impact of mercury. Part III presents studies on chlorinated hydrocarbon pesticides. Part IV examines the effects of fungicides, herbicides, organophosphates, and carbamates. Part V deals with the microbial degradation of pesticides. Part VI examines the photodecomposition of pesticides. Part VII investigates the biological effects of pesticides on wildlife. Part VIII deals with the development of new pesticides.

Table of Contents


  • Contributors

    Preface

    Part I. Introduction: Patterns of Pesticide Usage and Occurrence of Residues

    Impact of Pesticide Use on the Japanese Environment

    Current Pesticide Situation in the United States

    Pesticides in Britain

    Part II. Mercury Transformation in the Environment

    Microbial Conversion of Mercury Compounds

    Research on the Distribution and Accumulation of Organomercurials in Animal Bodies

    Human Toxicology of Mercury

    Residue Analysis of Organomercury Fungicides Sprayed on Rice Plants

    Part III. Chlorinated Hydrocarbon Insecticides in the Environment

    Factors Related to Bioconcentration of Pesticides

    BHC Residues in the Environment

    Contamination of Milk with Chlorinated Hydrocarbon Pesticides

    Long-Distance Transport of Pesticides

    Part IV. Fungicides, Herbicides, Organophosphates, and Carbamates

    Phytotoxic Metabolites of Pentachlorobenzyl Alcohol

    Metabolism of Organophosphorus Insecticides in Plants

    Degradation of Organophosphorus Fungicides

    Metabolism of Pesticides in Higher Plants

    Part V. Microbial Influence on Pesticide Degradation

    Microbial Degradation of Pesticides

    Degradation of Several Herbicides in Soils under Different Conditions

    Ecological Aspects of Pesticide-Microbial Relationships

    Part VI. Photodecomposition of Pesticides

    Photonucleophilic Reactions of Pesticides

    The Photochemistry of Several Pesticides

    Role of Photosensitizers in Alteration of Pesticide Residues in Sunlight

    Part VII. Toxic Effect of Pesticide Residues on Wildlife

    Ecosystemic Transferal of Pesticides Residues in an Aquatic Environment

    Effects of Pesticides on Fish and Wildlife

    Studies of Insecticide Detoxication in Invertebrates: An Enzymological Approach to the Problem of Biological Magnification

    Biological Effects of Toxic Pesticidal Contaminants and Terminal Residues

    Spectral Changes of Chloroplasts as a Means to Examine Phytotoxic Effects of Pesticides

    Part VIII. Design of New Pesticides

    The Feasibility of Insect Control Utilizing a Sex Pheromone: Study on Female Sex Pheromones of Cadra, Plodia, and Anagasta

    A New Approach in the Development of Biodegradable Pesticides

    Environmental Evaluation of Systemic Fungicides

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 637
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1972
  • Published: January 28, 1972
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323138253

About the Author

Matsumura

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