Environmental Soil Chemistry, Third Edition provides an up-to-date overview of the interdisciplinary field of environmental soil chemistry. This classic text covers the fundamental principles of soil chemistry, including the inorganic and organic components of soil, soil porewater chemistry, interfacial chemical reactions between solids and dissolved ions/molecules, ion exchange, and the kinetics of the soil chemical process, such as sorption and redox. Soil acidity and salinity are also discussed. This fully updated third edition places particular emphasis on environmental reactions between clay minerals, metal oxides, and soil organic matter with heavy metals, pesticides, and industrial contaminants. This text provides the latest technological advances representing the cutting edge of the science. Completely updated throughout with new content and updated full color figures, the third edition contains expanded information on soil minerals and an increased emphasis on the coupling between chemical and biological reactions, mechanisms, and processes. This third edition provides upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in soil science with sound contemporary training in the basics of soil chemistry and applications to real-world environmental concerns. The book offers a competitive advantage for those students looking to incorporate novel, advanced tools into their research.
Includes problem sets in each chapter for enhanced learning and comprehension
Emphasizes soil organic carbon reactions with clay minerals and metal oxides, including examples from advanced spectromicroscopic techniques
Features revised content highlighting the role of soils in environmental and ecosystem services
Presents new material on advances in surface complexation modeling
Delivers concise summaries of research using state-of-the art techniques
Highlights advances in understanding reactions at mineral-water interfaces, including adsorption, dissolution, and surface precipitation
Offers a new online course supplement for instructors
Upper level undergraduate and graduate students in Environmental Soil Chemistry
Table of Contents
1. An introduction to environmental soil chemistry 2. Soil Minerals 3. Chemistry of Soil Organic Matter 4. Soil Solution-Solid Phase Equilibria 5. Sorption Phenomena on Soils 6. Ion Exchange Processes 7. Kinetics of Soil Chemical Processes 8. Redox Chemistry of Soils 9. The Chemistry of Soil Acidity 10. The Chemistry of Saline and Sodic Soils
DONALD L. SPARKS is the Unidel S. Hallock du Pont Chair and Francis Alison Professor at the University of Delaware. He is internationally recognized for his research in the areas of kinetics of biogeochemical processes and surface chemistry of natural materials. His research has focused on fate and transport of trace metals in soil and water, soil remediation, water quality, and carbon sequestration in soils. Dr. Sparks is the author of two previous editions of Environmental Soil Chemistry and more than 350 refereed papers and book chapters. He is fellow of five scientific societies, and he has been the recipient of major awards and lectureships including the Geochemistry Medal from the American Chemical Society, the Liebig Medal from the International Union of Soil Sciences, the Einstein Professorship from the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Philippe Duchaufour Medal from the European Geosciences Union. Dr. Sparks served as president of the Soil Science Society of America and the International Union of Soil Sciences, has served on advisory committees for several national laboratories and national and international centers and institutes, and served as chair of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences (NAS) Committee for Soil Sciences and other NAS Committees.
Affiliations and Expertise
Director, Delaware Environmental Institute, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA
Balwant Singh is Professor of Soil Science at the University of Sydney. He has over 35 years of research and teaching experience in Australia, India, the UK and the USA. His research interests include understanding the structural and chemical properties of soil clay minerals, adsorption reactions of trace elements at the mineral-water interface, phytoremediation of toxic elements, biochar and organic carbon interaction with soil minerals, and micronutrients availability in soils. Dr Singh has co-edited two books (Biochar: A Guide to Analytical Methods and Synchrotron-based techniques in Soils and Sediments) and over 200 research papers and book chapters. Elsevier, Burlington, USA. He is fellow of four scientific societies and recipient of various awards including The Marion L. and Chrystie M. Jackson Soil Science Award by the Soil Science Society of America and Marion L. and Chrystie M. Jackson Mid-Career Clay Scientist Award by Clay Minerals Society. Dr Singh has served as a Chair of the Soil Mineralogy Commission of International Union of Soil Sciences, President of the Australian Clay Minerals Society and President of the Australian Society of Soil Science, NSW Branch.
Affiliations and Expertise
Professor of Soil Science, University of Sydney, Australia
Matthew G. Siebecker is an Assistant Professor of Applied Environmental Soil Chemistry at Texas Tech University. He was a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Delaware. Broadly, his research interests focus on the chemical reactions that take place between dissolved ions and molecules and the solid components of soil, including clay mineral, metal oxides, and soil organic matter. These reactions include adsorption, desorption, dissolution, surface precipitation, and redox. Dr. Siebecker is especially interested in the rapid formation of surface precipitates that are enriched with trace metals. The main themes of his research include the cycling of heavy metal contaminants and plant nutrients in soil and mineral systems, as well as the impacts of climate change and the application of animal waste products on soil. He has expertise in both the traditional wet-chemical laboratory techniques as well as advanced synchrotron-based techniques used in soil chemical research, and he has developed research collaborations internationally with scientists in Australia, Brazil, China, Costa Rica, France, and Italy. At Texas Tech University, Dr. Siebecker teaches an introductory undergraduate soils course entitled Urban Soils as well as an advanced upper-level course entitled Environmental Soil Chemistry course. He is an active member of the American Chemical Society and the Soil Science Society of America.
Affiliations and Expertise
Assistant Professor, Applied Environmental Soil Chemistry, Dept. of Plant and Soil Science, Texas Tech University, TX, USA