Environmental Regulation of Microbial Metabolism - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124285804, 9781483272498

Environmental Regulation of Microbial Metabolism

1st Edition

Proceedings of the Federation of European Microbiological Societies Symposium Held in Pushchino, USSR 1–7 June 1983

Editors: I. S. Kulaev E. A. Dawes D. W. Tempest
eBook ISBN: 9781483272498
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th January 1985
Page Count: 538
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Description

Environmental Regulation of Microbial Metabolism contains the proceedings of the Federation of European Microbiological Societies Symposium held in Pushchino, USSR, on June 1-7, 1983. The symposium provided a forum for reviewing the environmental regulation of the metabolism of autotrophic and heterotrophic microorganisms; regulation of the biogenesis of cell walls and other structures in prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms; and regulation of the secretion of macromolecules and transport of ions and solutes across microbial membranes.

Comprised of 52 chapters, this book begins with an overview of some aspects of environmental regulation of microbial phosphorus metabolism, followed by a discussion on the role of covalent interconversion of enzymes in the regulation of microbial metabolism. Subsequent chapters explore the role and regulation of inorganic pyrophosphatase in bacteria; the central metabolism of pseudomonads degrading xenobiotics; the role of nickel enzymes in anaerobic metabolism; and the oxidation of aromatic compounds by microalgae. The book also considers carbon metabolism in phototrophic bacteria under different conditions of growth, along with the transport of solutes and metabolites in prokaryotes and eukaryotes.

This monograph will be helpful to a wide range of specialists in the fields of biochemistry, physiology, molecular biology, and biotechnology.

Table of Contents


Contributors

Preface

Plenary Lectures

Some Aspects of Environmental Regulation of Microbial Phosphorus Metabolism

Role of Covalent Interconversion of Enzymes in the Regulation of Microbial Metabolism

The Mechanisms of Energization of Solute Transport in Fungi

Regulation of Carbon Substrate Metabolism in Bacteria Growing in Chemostat Culture

Regulation of Metabolism of Heterotrophic Microorganisms

Role and Regulation of Inorganic Pyrophosphatase in Bacteria

Biosynthesis of Tetrapyrrole Pigments (Corrins and Poφhyloids) by Methane-Producing Bacteria

Cytochrome P-450 in Acinetobacter: Occurrence, Isolation, and Regulation

Characterization of the Central Metabolism of Pseudomonads Degrading Xenobiotics

Dehydration as a Yeast Metabolism Regulation Factor

Regulation of Primary Pathways of Methanol Metabolism in Methylotrophic Yeasts

The Effect of Environmental Oxygen Concentration on the Carbon Metabolism of Some Aerobic Bacteria

Changes in the Respiratory Chain of Microorganisms

Photoregulation of Fungal Cell Metabolism

Lipase Inhibitor in Rhizopus microsporus Cultures

Metabolic Regulation of the Biosynthesis of Chloretracycline: The Role of Glycocalyx

Quasi-Equilibrium as a General Principle of Regulation of Lipid Composition of Eubacteria

Regulation of Secondary Metabolite Biosynthesis by Sequential Processes of Phosphate Limitation and Phosphate Release

Regulation of Metabolism of Autotrophic Microorganisms

Key Enzymes of Autotrophic Metabolism in Hydrogen-Oxidizing Bacteria: Regulation of Their Formation

Regulation of the Metabolism of Hydrogen in Rhodopseudomonas capsulata

Regulation of Hydrogenase, Nitrogenase, and Ferredoxin Synthesis in Rhodopseudomonas capsulata

Nickel Enzymes in Anaerobic Metabolism

Environmental Influences upon Dissimilatory Anaerobic Metabolism of Sulfur in Phototrophic Bacteria

The Oxidation of Aromatic Compounds by Microalgae

Environmental Regulation of Carbon Dioxide Assimilation in Photosynthetic Microorganisms

Carbon Metabolism in Phototrophic Bacteria under Different Conditions of Growth

Biogenesis of Secreted Enzymes during Growth of Eucaryotic Organisms

Regulation of the Synthesis of Extracellular Proteinases in Bacilli

Thiol-Dependent Serine Proteinases of Thermoactinomyces and Certain Bacillus Species-A New Group of Microbial Proteolytic Enzymes

Molecular Mechanism of the Biogenesis of Exoproteins in Bacteria: Role of Membranes in Environmental Regulation of Metabolism

The pH 2.5 Acid Phosphatase of E. Coli: A Polyphosphatase Whose Expression is Negatively Regulated by cAMP, Aerobiosis, and Inorganic Phosphate

Feedback Control of the Synthesis of Secreted Enzymes by Their Level in the Medium

Transport of Solutes and Metabolites in Eukaryotes

Comprehensive Description of Cotransport Kinetics by Means of Simple Carriers with Ordered Binding

Kinetic and Thermodynamic Effects of pH on Membrane Transport in Yeast

Main Mechanisms of Ion Transport and Regulation of Ion Concentration in the Yeast Cytoplasm

Coupling of Protons and Potassium Gradients in Yeast

Characteristics of Ca2+ Transport in Yeast

Regulation and Energization of K+ or Rb+ Transport in Yeast

The Role of Polyphosphates in Sugar Transport across the Plasma Membrane of Yeast

Riboflavin Transport in Yeasts and Its Regulation

Transport of Solutes and Metabolites in Procaryotic Microorganisms

The Role of the Electrochemical Gradient of Protons in Solute Transporting Bacteria

Redox-Regulation of Bacterial Metabolism by Environmental Factors

The Mechanism of R-Factor Mediated Arsenate Resistance Is an Inducible ATP-Driven Arsenate Efflux System

Sodium Cycle: A Mechanism of Energy Coupling That Replaces the Proton Cycle in Marine Bacteria under Alkaline Conditions

Role of Ion Gradients in Interaction of Basic Proteins and DNA with Model and Biological Membranes

Biogenesis of Cellular Structure

Secretion of Fragments from Bacterial Cell Wall Peptidoglycan

Teichoic Acids of Actinomycetes: Structure and Regulatory Role in Cells

Organization of the Photosynthetic Apparatus of Rhodopseudomonas capsulata and Adaptation to Different Irradiances

Proteolytic Control over Mitochondrial Formation in Yeast

Biosynthesis of High Molecular Weight Components of Yeast Cell Envelope

The Cell Wall of the Food Protein Yeast Candida Spec. H: Structure and Biosynthesis of Its Polysaccharides

Anucleated Yeast Protoplasts and Their Inability to Regenerate the Cell Wall

How Can Cell Wall Pattern in Yeast Reflect Spatial Cell Cycle Control?

Index

Details

No. of pages:
538
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1985
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483272498

About the Editor

I. S. Kulaev

E. A. Dawes

D. W. Tempest

Affiliations and Expertise

Laboratorium voor Microbiologie, Universiteit van Amsterdam