Environmental Physiology - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080273396, 9781483190136

Environmental Physiology

1st Edition

Proceedings of the 28th International Congress of Physiological Sciences, Budapest, 1980

Editors: F. Obál G. Benedek
eBook ISBN: 9781483190136
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1981
Page Count: 386
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Advances in Physiological Sciences, Volume 18: Environmental Physiology covers the physiological mechanisms in living organisms. This book discusses the circadian system properties and the control of secretion in reptilian salt glands. This book deals first with the central neural substrates for osmoregulation in the mammal; properties of the body fluids affecting basal salt gland secretion and urine formation in birds; properties of sleep-promoting factor S derived from human urine; and interrelation between sleep and temperature regulation. Other chapters present an introduction to hormonal and pharmacological aspects in exercise physiology, as well as the physiological responses during sustained isomeric contractions. These topics are followed by a discussion on the mechanism of exercise, nutrition, and growth. The last chapters are devoted to the oxytocin influences on the central nervous system of healthy young men. These chapters also describe drug metabolism in athletes. The book can provide useful information to veterinarians, scientists, students, and researchers.

Table of Contents



Circadian System Properties

Analyzing Thermoregulation with Thermodes and Electrodes


Osmoregulation, Introductory Question: Can We Outline the Neural Network for Osmoregulation in Vertebrates?

Control of Secretion in Reptilian Salt Glands

Properties of the Body Fluids Affecting Nasal Salt Gland Secretion and Urine Formation in Birds

Central Neural Substrates for Osmoregulation in the Mammal

Is the Control of Sodium Excretion Partly Due to Signals from Receptors Located in the Left Atrium of the Heart?

Concluding Remarks on Osmoregulation

Regulation of the Sleep-Waking Rhythm by Environmental and Endogenous Factors

Introduction to the Regulation of the Sleep-Waking Rhythm By Environmental and Endogenous Factors

The Sleep Process: Circadian and Homeostatic Aspects

The Secretoninenergic Hypothesis of Sleep Revisited

Properties of Sleep-Promoting Factor S Derived from Human Urine

Pineal Vasotocin and Sleep

The Contribution of Warm Receptors to the Regulation of Sleep-Waking Cycles

Interrelation between Sleep and Temperature Regulation

Regularity in the Patterns of Unsynchronized Circadian Rhythms in Man

Concluding Remarks on the Regulation of the Sleep-Waking Rhythm by Environmental and Endogenous Factors

Mammalian Nervous System under Pressure

Introduction to Mammalian Nervous System at Depth. Introduction to a round Table (R.T.)

Prediction of Physiological Limits to Human Undersea Activity and Extension of Tolerance to High Pressure

Psychometrics: Questions to Neurophysiology

Man and Subhuman Mammals. High Pressure Nervous Syndrome, Singular or Plural?

Some Aspects of the Comparative Physiology of the High Pressure Neurologic Syndrome

Neurophysiological Problems with Nitrogen at Pressure

An Experimental Procedure for Quantification of Individual Hyperbaric Factors Affecting the Physical Performance of the Rat

Concluding Remarks on the Mammalian Nervous System at Pressure

Physiology of Static Effort

Opening Remarks on Some of the Physiological Responses to Isomeric Contractions And the Mechanisms that Control Them

Peripheral Neural Control of Cardiovascular and Respiratory Responses to Isometric Exercise

Mechanical, Electrical and Biochemical Correlates of Isometric Fatigue in Cat Skeletal Muscle

Physiological Responses during Sustained Isometric Contractions

The Influence of Environmental Temperature on Heat Production and Cardiovascular System in Growing Pigs

Concluding Remarks on the Physiology of Static Effort

Sports Physiology

Introduction to Hormonal and Pharmacological Aspects in Present-Day Exercise Physiology

Exercise, Nutrition and Growth

The Regulation of Serum LH after Different Long-Distance Races

Oxytocin Influences on the CNS of Healthy Young Men

Increased Aerobic Metabolic Rate during Physical Exercise after Aldosterone Application

Exercise Duration, Intensity and Plasma Cortisol Level in Athletic and Untrained Children, Adolescents and Adults

Comparison of Urinary Excretion of Methandrostenolone and Its Metabolites in Rats and Humans

Multidimensional Calibration of Anabolic Steroid Radioimmunassays: Possibility for the Identification of the Reacting Species

Effect of Beta-Blocking Drugs on Coronary Blood Flow during Exercise in Dogs

On the Adrenergic Regulation of the Intramuscular Glycogen Breakdown during Exercise

A Study of Autonomous Influences on Adrenergic Responsivity of Physically Trained Humans and Animals

The Change of Dopamine Hydroxylase Activity in Response to Muscular Work in Humans and in Albino Rats

Human Exercise and Enzyme Induction

A Study of Drug Metabolism in Athletes

Changes of Blood Viscosity in Adolescent Swimmers and Adult Weight-Lifters

The Nature of the Redox System of Arterialized Capillary Blood after Physical Exercise

Estimation of Plasma Lipids in Human Subjects after Physical Exercise

Aerobic Metablism and Physical Effort in Young Athletic Children

Spirotonometry and Flack Test

Level and Incline Running on the Treadmill; Some Thoughts on the Relations of Its Metabolic Costs in Young Boys

Closing Remarks on Hormonal and Pharmacological Aspects in Present-Day Exercise Physiology



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About the Editor

F. Obál

G. Benedek

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Physiology, University Medical School of Szeged

Ratings and Reviews