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Environmental Noise Pollution: Noise Mapping, Public Health and Policy addresses the key debates surrounding environmental noise pollution with a particular focus on the European Union. Environmental noise pollution is an emerging public policy and environmental concern and is considered to be one of the most important environmental stressors affecting public health throughout the world.
This book examines environmental noise pollution, its health implications, the role of strategic noise mapping for problem assessment, major sources of environmental noise pollution, noise mitigation approaches, and related procedural and policy implications. Drawing on the authors' considerable research expertise in the area, the book is the first coherent work on this major environmental stressor, a new benchmark reference across disciplinary, policy and national boundaries.
- Highlights recent developments in the policy arena with particular focus on developments in the EU within the context of the European Noise Directive
- Explores the lessons emerging from nations within the EU and other jurisdictions attempting to legislate and mitigate against the harmful effects of noise pollution
- Covers the core theoretical concepts and principles surrounding the mechanics of noise pollution as well as the evidence-base linking noise with public health concerns
Environmental Health Specialists, Environmental Consultants
- Chapter 1: Environmental Noise Pollution
- 1.1 Debates and Challenges
- 1.2 Environmental Noise
- 1.3 The Book’s Focus and raison d'être
- Chapter 2: Principles of Environmental Noise
- 2.1 Sound as a Wave
- 2.2 Representing Sound Levels with the Decibel Scale
- 2.3 A-Weighting
- 2.4 Noise Metrics
- 2.5 Measuring Noise
- 2.6 Outdoor Sound Propagation
- 2.7 Conclusion
- Chapter 3: Environmental Noise and Health
- 3.1 Introduction
- 3.2 The Noise–Health Problem
- 3.3 The Noise–Stress Relationship and Effects Overview
- 3.4 Environmental Noise and Annoyance
- 3.5 Environmental Noise and Sleep Disturbance
- 3.6 Environmental Noise and Cardiovascular Disease
- 3.7 Environmental Noise and Cognitive Impairment in Children
- 3.8 Environmental Noise and Tinnitus
- 3.9 The Special Case of Low-Frequency Noise
- 3.10 Conclusion
- Chapter 4: Strategic Noise Mapping
- 4.1 Introduction
- 4.2 EU Noise Policy and Legislation
- 4.3 The Environmental Noise Directive
- 4.4 Strategic Noise Mapping
- 4.5 Strategic Noise Mapping in the EU: Results from the First Phase (2007)
- 4.6 Strategic Noise Mapping Beyond the EU
- 4.7 Conclusion
- Chapter 5: Transportation Noise
- 5.1 Road Traffic Noise
- 5.2 Railway Noise
- 5.3 Aircraft Noise
- 5.4 Limitations and Further Considerations
- 5.5 Conclusion
- Chapter 6: Industrial and Construction Type Noise
- 6.1 A Note on Noise Criteria
- 6.2 Industrial Noise
- 6.3 Port Noise
- 6.4 Airports as Industrial Sources
- 6.5 Wind Farm Noise
- 6.6 Construction Noise
- 6.7 Mining Mineral/Extraction Sites
- 6.8 Conclusion
- Chapter 7: Noise Mitigation Approaches
- 7.1 Introduction
- 7.2 Strategic Noise Mitigation: The Noise Action Planning Process
- 7.3 Mitigation Approaches
- 7.4 Source-Based Abatement
- 7.5 Propagation Measures
- 7.6 Case Studies in Noise Abatement
- 7.7 Cost-Efficiency Issues
- 7.8 Conclusion
- Chapter 8: Conclusions and Future Directions
- 8.1 Progress
- 8.2 Limitations and Future Research Priorities
- No. of pages:
- © Elsevier 2014
- 5th May 2014
- Hardcover ISBN:
- eBook ISBN:
Dr. Enda Murphy is a Lecturer in the School of Geography, Planning & Environmental Policy at University College Dublin. He holds a BA Natural Science, Graduate Diploma in Statistics and PhD in Transportation Planning all from Trinity College Dublin. Prior ot joining UCD he worked as an EPA and then Science Foundation Ireland Research Fellow at Trinity College Dublin investigating methodological and policy issues related to the implementation of the EU Environmental Noise Directive. He has specific expertise in noise modelling, mapping and action planning as well as having broader expertise on the transportation planning process. He recently acted as a technical expert on the development of a new noise strategy for the European Parliament – Towards a Comprehensive Noise Strategy. He is author/co-author of more than 40 academic journal papers, book chapters, conference papers and reports.
Professor, School of Architecture, Planning, & Environmental Policy, University College Dublin, Ireland
Dr. Eoin Anthony King is an Associate Professor of Acoustics at the University of Hartford. He holds a BA in Mechanical Engineering and a PhD in Acoustics, both from Trinity College Dublin, and in 2013 he became a chartered engineer with Engineers Ireland. His doctoral dissertation developed a practical framework for undertaking strategic noise mapping in Europe. In 2008 he was awarded a post-doctoral research fellowship and during this time he co-founded an Irish acoustics consultancy firm, Infrasonic Ltd. His research interests include environmental acoustics, environmental policy and strategic noise mapping techniques and he has published extensively in the field of acoustics and environmental assessment. He has extensive knowledge in the field of noise modeling and prediction. In 2010 he was nominated by the Irish Department of the Environment to represent Ireland on the CNOSSOS-EU Technical Committee of experts. In 2007, and again in 2012, he developed the largest and most complex strategic noise maps prepared in Ireland to date on behalf of the Irish National Roads Authority, in accordance with EU Directive 2002/49/EC.
Associate Professor, University of Hartford, CT, USA
"...an important, unique book that bridges the gap between data and action – between what is known about, and what needs to be done, to reduce noise pollution." --Biz India
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