Environmental Implications of Expanded Coal Utilization - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080287348, 9781483146577

Environmental Implications of Expanded Coal Utilization

1st Edition

a Study By: The Beijer Institute The United Nations Environment Programme The U.S.S.R. Academy of Sciences

Editors: M.J. Chadwick Nils Lindman
eBook ISBN: 9781483146577
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1982
Page Count: 308
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Description

Environmental Implications of Expanded Coal Utilization focuses on the increasing consideration of coal as an alternative source of energy. This book comes as an answer to the issues on health and environment regarding the extraction, production, and use of coal. Composed of nine chapters, the selection starts by underlining the potential prospects for coal, which plays a vital role in meeting energy demands. The book also shows that problems have evolved regarding the use of coal, including land disturbance and increased land occupation due to mining. The text also notes that the international trade of coal will surely generate waste products, and some of which can be the result of poor transportation and handling. The book focuses on coal gasification and liquefaction and emphasizes that the processes involved must be carefully understood in order to avoid the environmental impacts of coal use. Attempts have been made to establish a conceptual framework to be used in assessing the health and environmental health impacts of the conversion and utilization of coal. Relative to this, discussions that follow include the trace elements that are the products of coal combustion and conversion and also coal derived carbon compounds. Another sector is focused on the evaluation of the effects of emissions on human health, especially of workers in the industry. The effects of the utilization of coal on communities are also considered.
The text is a vital source of information to those involved in the research on the use of coal as alternative source of energy.

Table of Contents


Abbreviations and Acronyms

Units, Conversions and Equivalents

1. Coal in the Future World Energy Scene

Introduction

The Energy Crisis and New Economic and Demographic Prospects

Coal in the Future World Energy Scene

Development Prospects for the Coal Market

Economic and Strategic Aspects of Coal Development

Coal Prospects

References

2. Land Disturbance and Reclamation after Mining

Introduction

Classification of Mining Land Disturbance

Land Reclamation

The Economics of Reclamation

References

3. Environmental Impacts of Coal Transportation

Introduction

Environmental Impacts Common to All Modes of Transport

Rail Transport

Coal Transport by Truck

Coal Transport by Water

Slurry Pipelines

Coal Transport Impacts in Perspective

References

4. Coal Conversion Processes: Gasification and Liquefaction

Introduction

Gasification

Liquefaction

Control Aspects

References

5. Application of the Exposure Commitment Model to Coal Utilization Emission Problems

The Exposure Commitment Concept

Application of the Exposure Commitment Model

Comparative Assessments and the Exposure

Commitment Method

References

6. The Environmental Significance of Trace Elements from Coal Combustion and Conversion Processes

Occurrence and Distribution of Trace Elements in Coal

Mobilization of Trace Elements by Coal Utilization

Environmental Effects of Coal Utilization

Conclusions

References

7. The Environmental Significance of Coal-Derived Carbon Compounds

Introduction

Human Health Effects of Coal-Derived Carbon Compounds

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in the Food Chain

Natural Origins of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Coal Conversion Processes

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Body Burdens in Man

References

8. Potential Health Problems from Coal Conversion Technologies

Nature of the Problem

Areas of Concern

Control and Planning

References

9. Impacts of Coal on Natural Environmental Systems

Introduction

Emissions from the Combustion of Fossil Fuels

The Climate Problem

SO2/NOx Effects on the Biosphere

Trace Element Effects on Ecosystems

Environmental Management

References

Index

Details

No. of pages:
308
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1982
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483146577

About the Editor

M.J. Chadwick

Nils Lindman