Environmental Implications of Expanded Coal Utilization

Environmental Implications of Expanded Coal Utilization

a Study By: The Beijer Institute The United Nations Environment Programme The U.S.S.R. Academy of Sciences

1st Edition - January 1, 1982

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  • Editors: M.J. Chadwick, Nils Lindman
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483146577

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Environmental Implications of Expanded Coal Utilization focuses on the increasing consideration of coal as an alternative source of energy. This book comes as an answer to the issues on health and environment regarding the extraction, production, and use of coal. Composed of nine chapters, the selection starts by underlining the potential prospects for coal, which plays a vital role in meeting energy demands. The book also shows that problems have evolved regarding the use of coal, including land disturbance and increased land occupation due to mining. The text also notes that the international trade of coal will surely generate waste products, and some of which can be the result of poor transportation and handling. The book focuses on coal gasification and liquefaction and emphasizes that the processes involved must be carefully understood in order to avoid the environmental impacts of coal use. Attempts have been made to establish a conceptual framework to be used in assessing the health and environmental health impacts of the conversion and utilization of coal. Relative to this, discussions that follow include the trace elements that are the products of coal combustion and conversion and also coal derived carbon compounds. Another sector is focused on the evaluation of the effects of emissions on human health, especially of workers in the industry. The effects of the utilization of coal on communities are also considered. The text is a vital source of information to those involved in the research on the use of coal as alternative source of energy.

Table of Contents

  • Abbreviations and Acronyms

    Units, Conversions and Equivalents

    1. Coal in the Future World Energy Scene


    The Energy Crisis and New Economic and Demographic Prospects

    Coal in the Future World Energy Scene

    Development Prospects for the Coal Market

    Economic and Strategic Aspects of Coal Development

    Coal Prospects


    2. Land Disturbance and Reclamation after Mining


    Classification of Mining Land Disturbance

    Land Reclamation

    The Economics of Reclamation


    3. Environmental Impacts of Coal Transportation


    Environmental Impacts Common to All Modes of Transport

    Rail Transport

    Coal Transport by Truck

    Coal Transport by Water

    Slurry Pipelines

    Coal Transport Impacts in Perspective


    4. Coal Conversion Processes: Gasification and Liquefaction




    Control Aspects


    5. Application of the Exposure Commitment Model to Coal Utilization Emission Problems

    The Exposure Commitment Concept

    Application of the Exposure Commitment Model

    Comparative Assessments and the Exposure

    Commitment Method


    6. The Environmental Significance of Trace Elements from Coal Combustion and Conversion Processes

    Occurrence and Distribution of Trace Elements in Coal

    Mobilization of Trace Elements by Coal Utilization

    Environmental Effects of Coal Utilization



    7. The Environmental Significance of Coal-Derived Carbon Compounds


    Human Health Effects of Coal-Derived Carbon Compounds

    Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in the Food Chain

    Natural Origins of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons

    Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Coal Conversion Processes

    Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Body Burdens in Man


    8. Potential Health Problems from Coal Conversion Technologies

    Nature of the Problem

    Areas of Concern

    Control and Planning


    9. Impacts of Coal on Natural Environmental Systems


    Emissions from the Combustion of Fossil Fuels

    The Climate Problem

    SO2/NOx Effects on the Biosphere

    Trace Element Effects on Ecosystems

    Environmental Management



Product details

  • No. of pages: 308
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1982
  • Published: January 1, 1982
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483146577

About the Editors

M.J. Chadwick

Nils Lindman

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