Foreword. Preface. Acknowledgments. Abbreviations and acronyms. Units, conversions and equivalents. Elements and chemical compounds. Coal in the international energy scene. Land disturbance and reclamation after mining. Resource demands of coal production. Environmental impacts of coal transportation. Coal combustion. Coal conversion technologies. Application of the exposure commitment model to coal utilization emission problems. The environmental significance of trace elements from coal combustion and conversion processes. The environmental significance of coal-derived carbon compounds. Occupational and environmental health problems from coal utilization and conversion. The effect of coal utilization emissions on natural and man-managed terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems. Index.