Environmental Hydraulics for Open Channel Flows

1st Edition

Print ISBN: 9780750661652
eBook ISBN: 9780080472690
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 13th February 2004
Page Count: 488
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Environmental Hydraulics is a new text for students and professionals studying advanced topics in river and estuarine systems. The book contains the full range of subjects on open channel flows, including mixing and dispersion, Saint-Venant equations method of characteristics and interactions between flowing water and its surrondings (air entrainment, sediment transport).

Following the approach of Hubert Chanson's highly successful undergraduate textbook Hydraulics of Open Channel Flow, the reader is guided step-by-step from the basic principles to more advanced practical applications.

Each section of the book contains many revision exercises, problems and assignments to help the reader test their learning in practical situations.

Key Features

·Complete text on river and estuarine systems in a single volume ·Step-by-step guide to practical applications ·Many worked examples and exercises


Students (senior undergraduate, but mainly graduate and research) of civil engineering, environmental engineering, especially hydraulics and fluid mechanics.

Table of Contents



About the author



List of Symbols

Part 1: Introduction to Open Channel Flows

Introduction: Introduction to Open Channel Flows

Chapter 1: Introduction


1.1 Presentation

1.2 Fluid properties

1.3 Fluid statics

1.4 Open channel flows

1.5 Exercises

Chapter 2: Fundamentals of open channel flows


2.1 Presentation

2.2 Fundamental principles

2.3 Open channel hydraulics of short, frictionless transitions

2.4 The hydraulic jump

2.5 Open channel flow in long channels

2.6 Summary

2.7 Exercises

Part 2: Turbulent Mixing and Dispersion in Rivers and Estuaries: An Introduction

Introduction: Turbulent Mixing and Dispersion in Rivers and Estuaries: An Introduction

Chapter 3: Introduction to mixing and dispersion in natural waterways

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Laminar and turbulent flows

3.3 Basic definitions

3.4 Structure of the section

3.5 Appendix A – Application: buoyancy force exerted on a submerged air bubble6

3.6 Appendix B – Freshwater properties

3.7 Exercises

3.8 Exercise solutions

Chapter 4: Turbulent shear flows


4.1 Presentation

4.2 Jets and wakes

4.3 Boundary layer flows

4.4 Fully developed open channel flows

4.5 Mixing in turbulent shear flows

4.6 Exercises

4.7 Exercise solutions

Chapter 5: Diffusion: basic theory


5.1 Basic equations

5.2 Applications

5.4 Exercises

5.5 Exercise solutions

Chapter 6: Advective diffusion


6.1 Basic equations

6.2 Basic applications

6.3 Two- and three-dimensional applications

6.4 Exercises

6.5 Exercise solutions</p


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© Butterworth-Heinemann 2004
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“…This book could provide a skeleton for a course in environmental hydraulics or transport processes… [it]…contains some useful material for different courses and may provide an elementary reference for certain topics . . .” – Environmental Fluid Mechanics “ Overall, a well written, clear and concise book which will serve the intended audience satisfactorily.” –Intl. Journal River Basin Management "Over recent decades many civil engineering departments and organizations have added environmental to their title, so it is not surprising to find this change emulated in a book...Throughout the book the author's enthusiasm for his subjects shows. The preface stresses the value of field work and points the reader to the author's substantial web sites, among others." - Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 557-2006