Environmental Engineering - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780409900507, 9781483162621

Environmental Engineering

2nd Edition

Authors: P Aarne Vesilind J. Jeffrey Peirce Ruth F. Weiner
eBook ISBN: 9781483162621
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 17th March 1988
Page Count: 560
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Description

Environmental Engineering, Second Edition is an introductory book on environmental engineering, which includes materials important to environmental engineers: water resources, air quality, solid and hazardous wastes (including radioactive waste), noise, and social and ethical considerations.

The text begins with a short introduction on the roots of environmental engineering and presents the concept of risk and safety. The following chapters are devoted to discussions on such topics as sources of water pollution, measurement of water quality, wastewater treatment, quantities and characteristics of municipal solid waste, and solid and hazardous waste law. The types of air pollutants, air pollution control, and noise measurement and control are dealt with in detail as well. The last chapter covers the topic on environmental ethics.

This book will be of use to junior or senior level engineering students.

Table of Contents


Preface

1. Environmental Engineering

Civil Engineering

Public Health

Ecology

Ethics

Environmental Engineering as a Profession

2. Risk Analysis

Risk

Expression of Risk

Assessment of Risk

Exposure and Latency

Dose-Response Evaluation

Population Responses

Problems

3. Water Pollution

Sources of Water Pollution

Elements of Aquatic Ecology

Biodegradation

Aerobic and Anaerobic Decomposition

Effect of Pollution on Streams

Effect of Pollution on Lakes

Heavy Metals and Toxic Substances

Effect of Pollution on Oceans

Conclusion

Problems

4. Measurement of Water Quality

Sampling

Dissolved Oxygen

Biochemical Oxygen Demand

Chemical Oxygen Demand

Total Organic Carbon

Turbidity

Color and Odor

pH

Solids

Nitrogen

Phosphates

Bacteriological Measurements

Viruses

Heavy Metals

Trace Toxic Organics

Conclusion

Problems

5. Water Supply

The Hydrologic Cycle and Water Availability

Groundwater Supplies

Surface Water Supplies

Water Transmission

Elements of Closed-Conduit Hydraulics

Closed-Conduit Flow

Pumps and Pumping

Pump Characteristic Curves

System Head Curves

Operating Head and Discharge

Conclusion

Problems

6. Water Treatment

Coagulation and Flocculation

Settling

Filtration

Disinfection

Conclusion

Problems

7. Collection of Wastewater

Estimating Wastewater Quantities

System Layout

Sewer Hydraulics

Conclusion

Problems

8. Wastewater Treatment

Wastewater Characteristics

Onsite Wastewater Disposal

Central Wastewater Treatment

Primary Treatment

Settling Tank Design and Operation

Secondary Treatment

Biological Process Dynamics Applied to the Activated Sludge System

Tertiary Treatment

Conclusion

Problems

9. Sludge Treatment and Disposal

Sources of Sludge

Characteristics of Sludges

Sludge Treatment

Sludge Stabilization

Sludge Thickening

Sludge Dewatering

Ultimate Disposal

Conclusion

Problems

10. Nonpoint Source Water Pollution

The Runoff Process

The Art and Science of Developing and Applying Loading Functions for Sediment Detachment and Transport

Control Technologies Applicable to Nonpoint Source Pollution

Agriculture

Silviculture

Construction

Mining

Urban Stormwater Runoff

Conclusion

Problems

11. Water Pollution Law

Common Law

Statutory Law

Pretreatment Guidelines

Drinking Water Standards

Conclusion

Problems

12. Solid Waste

Quantities and Characteristics of Municipal Solid Waste

Collection

Disposal Options

Litter

Conclusion

Problems

13. Solid Waste Disposal

Disposal of Unprocessed Refuse

Volume Reduction Before Disposal

Conclusion

Problems

14. Resource Recovery

Source Separation

Solid Waste Separation Processes

Size Reduction

Shredder Performance and Design

General Expressions for Materials Recovery

Screens

Air Classifiers

Magnets

Other Separation Equipment

Energy Recovery from the Organic Fraction of Municipal Solid Waste

Conclusion

Problems

15. Hazardous Waste

Magnitude of the Problem

Waste Processing and Handling

Transportation of Hazardous Wastes

Resource Recovery Alternatives

Information Clearinghouses

Materials Exchanges

Hazardous Waste Management Facilities

Siting Considerations

Incinerators

Landfills

Conclusion

Problems

16. Radioactive Waste

Radiation

Radioactive Decay

Alpha, Beta, and Gamma Radiation

Units for Measuring Radiation

Measuring Radiation

Health Effects

Sources of Radioactive Waste

The Nuclear Fuel Cycle

Reprocessing Waste

Other Reactor Waste

Other Sources of Radioactive Waste

Movement Through the Environment

Radioactive Waste Management

High-Level Radioactive Waste

TRU Waste

Low-Level Radioactive Waste

Conclusions

Problems

17. Solid and Hazardous Waste Law

Nonhazardous Solid Waste

Hazardous Waste

Conclusion

Problems

18. Air Pollution

Types of Air Pollutants

Gaseous Pollutants

Particulate Pollutants

The Greenhouse Effect

Sources of Air Pollution

Sulfur Dioxide

Oxides of Nitrogen

Carbon Monoxide

Hydrocarbons

Primary and Secondary Sources

Ozone (Photochemical Oxidant)

Acid Rain

Suspended Particulate Matter

Lead

Hazardous Substances

Health Effects

The Respiratory System

Carbon Monoxide

Particulate Matter

Effects on Vegetation

Effects on Domestic Animals

Effects on Materials

Effects on Atmosphere

Conclusion

Problems

19. Meteorology and Air Quality

Basic Meteorology

Horizontal Dispersion of Pollutants

Vertical Dispersion of Pollutants

Effect of Water in the Atmosphere

Atmospheric Dispersion

Cleansing the Atmosphere

Gravity

Surface Sink

Precipitation

Conclusion

Problems

20. Measurement of Air Quality

Measurement of Particulates

Measurement of Gases

Reference Methods

Grab Samples

Stack Sampling

Smoke and Opacity

Conclusion

Problems

21. Air Pollution Control

Source Correction

Collection of Pollutants

Cooling

Treatment

Settling Chambers

Cyclones

Bag (or Fabric) Filters

Wet Collectors

Electrostatic Precipitators

Comparison of Particulate Control Devices

Control of Gaseous Pollutants

Control of Sulfur Oxides

Control of Nitrogen Oxides

Control of Volatile Organics and Odors

Control of Moving Sources

Conclusion

Problems

22. Air Pollution Law

Air Quality and Common Law

Tort Law

Property Law

Statutory Law

National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS)

Regulation of Emissions

Prevention of Significant Deterioration

Hazardous Air Pollutants

Mobile Sources

Nonattainment

Problems of Implementation

Conclusion

Problems

23. Noise Pollution

The Concept of Sound

Sound Pressure Level, Frequency, and Propagation

The Acoustic Environment

Health Effects of Noise

The Dollar Cost of Noise

Degradation of Environmental Quality

Conclusion

Problems

24. Noise Measurement and Control

Sound Level

Measuring Transient Noise

Noise Control

Industrial Noise Control

Community Noise Control

Noise in the Home

Conclusion

Problems

25. Environmental Impact and Economic Assessment

Environmental Impact

Environmental Inventories

Environmental Assessment

Evaluation

Socioeconomic Impact Assessment

Financing of Capital Expenditures

Increases in User Charges

Sociological Impacts

Conclusions

Problems

26. The Environmental Ethic

Causes of the Problem of Our Incompatibility with Nature

Religion as the Cause

Social Structure as the Cause

Science and Technology as the Cause

Resolution of Environmental Conflicts

The Future of the Environmental Ethic

Problems

Appendix : Conversion Factors

Index


Details

No. of pages:
560
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Butterworth-Heinemann 1988
Published:
Imprint:
Butterworth-Heinemann
eBook ISBN:
9781483162621

About the Author

P Aarne Vesilind

Affiliations and Expertise

Duke University, North Carolina USA

J. Jeffrey Peirce

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor and Director of Graduate Studies for the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Duke University, North Carolina USA

Ruth F. Weiner

Ratings and Reviews