Environmental Ecology

Environmental Ecology

The Impacts of Pollution and Other Stresses on Ecosystem Structure and Function

1st Edition - July 28, 1989

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  • Author: Bill Freedman
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483278117

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Description

Environmental Ecology: The Impacts of Pollution and Other Stresses on Ecosystem Structure and Function deals with environmental studies on the ecological impacts of anthropogenic stresses. The book discusses more particularly the ways that anthropogenic or natural influences affect the quality of the inorganic and biotic components of the biosphere, as well as the human environment. The text discusses the sources of air pollution, the different toxic elements (naturally occurring contamination or anthropogenic sources), and acidifying substances or "acid rain." The author also cites several studies that deal with the reclamation of acidified bodies of water. Another topic the author addresses is declining forest areas; he then cites several case studies of this occurrence, such as those by Fowells, 1965; Hepting, 1971; and Auclair, 1987. The text also investigates the ecological effects of oil pollution caused during the refining process and transportation. The author then examines the general response patterns to ecological stress. The text is intended for advanced students of environmental ecology and environmental science, as well as for ecologists, environmentalists, and urban planners and officials.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    1 Introduction

    1.1 The Scope of This Book

    1.2 Growth of the Human Population

    1.3 The Ecological Effects of Stress

    2 Air Pollution

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Emission, Transformation, and Toxicity of Air Pollutants

    2.3 Air Pollution and Human Health

    2.4 Case Studies of the Ecological Effects of Toxic Gases

    2.5 Carbon Dioxide, Climate Change, and Plant Growth

    3 Toxic Elements

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Background Concentration in the Environment

    3.3 Toxicity

    3.4 Naturally Occurring Contamination and Its Ecological Effects

    3.5 Anthropogenic Sources of Toxic Elements

    4 Acidification

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Deposition of Acidifying Substances from the Atmosphere

    4.3 Chemical Changes within the Watershed

    4.4 Biological Effects of Acidification

    4.5 Reclamation of Acidified Water Bodies

    5 Forest Decline

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 The Nature of Forest Decline

    5.3 Case Studies of Forest Decline

    6 Oil Pollution

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Characteristics of Petroleum and Its Refined Products

    6.3 Oil Pollution

    6.4 Biological Effects of Hydrocarbons

    6.5 Ecological Effects of Oil Pollution

    7 Eutrophication of Fresh Water

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Causes of Eutrophication

    7.3 Case Studies of Eutrophication

    8 pesticides

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Classification of Pesticides by Their Use and Chemical Characteristics

    8.3 Environmental Impacts of Pesticide Use

    9 Harvesting of Forests

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Consequences of Forest Harvesting for Site Fertility

    9.3 Leaching of Nutrients from Disturbed Forest Watersheds

    9.4 Soil Erosion Resulting from Disturbance

    9.5 Hydrologic Effects of the Disturbance of Watersheds

    9.6 Forest Harvesting and Wildlife

    10 Loss of Species Richness

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Species Richness of the Biosphere

    10.3 Rationalization for the Preservation of Species

    10.4 Extinction as a Natural Process

    10.5 Anthropogenic Losses of Species Richness

    10.6 Back from the Brink-A Few Conservation Success Stories

    11 Ecological Effects of Warfare

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Destruction by Conventional Warfare

    11.3 Chemical Weapons in Warfare

    11.4 Effects of Nuclear Warfare

    12 Effects of Stress on Ecosystem Structure and Function

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Ecological Effects of Long-Term Chronic Stress

    12.3 Ecological Effects of the Advent of Stress

    12.4 The Alleviation of Stress

    Glossary

    Bibliography

    Biological Index

    Chemical Index

    Geographical Index

    Subject Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 434
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1989
  • Published: July 28, 1989
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483278117

About the Author

Bill Freedman

Affiliations and Expertise

Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

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