Environmental Chemistry provides an introduction to fundamental concepts in environmental chemistry. The book emerged from a short lecture and practical course given to first year students in the School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia. It adopts the earth-air-water factory as an analogue to illustrate the way in which chemical principles operate in the environment.
The book traces the hydrological cycle and the chemical processes which occur as water, with its dissolved and particulate load, moves from the atmosphere onto the land surface, into rivers, lakes, and oceans and is eventually incorporated into marine sediment. A glossary of terms is provided for readers who do not have an extensive background in chemistry. Although aimed at first year students studying environmental sciences, chemistry, geology, biology, or other science subjects, this book should also appeal to sixth formers studying chemistry or other sciences to ""A"" level, as well as to anyone with (or willing to acquire) a basic knowledge of chemistry and interested in how the natural environment operates as a chemical system.
Preface 1 Introduction The Crust The Hydrosphere The Atmosphere The Earth-Air-Water Factory 2 The Atmosphere The Oxygen Cycle The Nitrogen Cycle Thermodynamics and the Prediction of Chemical Reactions Chemical Interactions between the Atmosphere and the Hydrosphere Atmospheric Water and the Water Cycle Anthropogenic Inputs to the Atmosphere 3 The Crust The Role of Water The Structure of Silicate Minerals Weathering Processes Mechanisms of Chemical Weathering Silicate Weathering Mechanisms The Controls on Weathering Reactions Clay Minerals: The Solid Products of Weathering Reactions The Land-based Hydrosphere Anthropogenic Inputs to the Land-based Hydrosphere 4 The Oceans Evaporite Formation Carbonate Formation Silica Formation in the Oceans Interactions between Particulate Material and Sea Water Anthropogenic Inputs to the Oceans 5 Formation of Mineral Resources in Sediments Manganese Nodules Microbiological Processes in Sediments Formation of Petroleum Formation of Coal Glossary Bibliography Index
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- © Butterworth-Heinemann 1980
- 1st July 1980
- eBook ISBN: