Environmental Chemistry

Environmental Chemistry

The Earth-Air-Water Factory

1st Edition - July 1, 1980

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  • Authors: R. Raiswell, et al
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483293608

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Environmental Chemistry provides an introduction to fundamental concepts in environmental chemistry. The book emerged from a short lecture and practical course given to first year students in the School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia. It adopts the earth-air-water factory as an analogue to illustrate the way in which chemical principles operate in the environment. The book traces the hydrological cycle and the chemical processes which occur as water, with its dissolved and particulate load, moves from the atmosphere onto the land surface, into rivers, lakes, and oceans and is eventually incorporated into marine sediment. A glossary of terms is provided for readers who do not have an extensive background in chemistry. Although aimed at first year students studying environmental sciences, chemistry, geology, biology, or other science subjects, this book should also appeal to sixth formers studying chemistry or other sciences to ""A"" level, as well as to anyone with (or willing to acquire) a basic knowledge of chemistry and interested in how the natural environment operates as a chemical system.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    1 Introduction

    The Crust

    The Hydrosphere

    The Atmosphere

    The Earth-Air-Water Factory

    2 The Atmosphere

    The Oxygen Cycle

    The Nitrogen Cycle

    Thermodynamics and the Prediction of Chemical Reactions

    Chemical Interactions between the Atmosphere and the Hydrosphere

    Atmospheric Water and the Water Cycle

    Anthropogenic Inputs to the Atmosphere

    3 The Crust

    The Role of Water

    The Structure of Silicate Minerals

    Weathering Processes

    Mechanisms of Chemical Weathering

    Silicate Weathering Mechanisms

    The Controls on Weathering Reactions

    Clay Minerals: The Solid Products of Weathering Reactions

    The Land-based Hydrosphere

    Anthropogenic Inputs to the Land-based Hydrosphere

    4 The Oceans

    Evaporite Formation

    Carbonate Formation

    Silica Formation in the Oceans

    Interactions between Particulate Material and Sea Water

    Anthropogenic Inputs to the Oceans

    5 Formation of Mineral Resources in Sediments

    Manganese Nodules

    Microbiological Processes in Sediments

    Formation of Petroleum

    Formation of Coal




Product details

  • No. of pages: 192
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 1980
  • Published: July 1, 1980
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483293608

About the Authors

R. Raiswell

et al

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