Environmental Chemistry - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780713127904, 9781483293608

Environmental Chemistry

1st Edition

The Earth-Air-Water Factory

Authors: R. Raiswell et al
eBook ISBN: 9781483293608
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 1st July 1980
Page Count: 192
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Environmental Chemistry provides an introduction to fundamental concepts in environmental chemistry. The book emerged from a short lecture and practical course given to first year students in the School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia. It adopts the earth-air-water factory as an analogue to illustrate the way in which chemical principles operate in the environment.
The book traces the hydrological cycle and the chemical processes which occur as water, with its dissolved and particulate load, moves from the atmosphere onto the land surface, into rivers, lakes, and oceans and is eventually incorporated into marine sediment. A glossary of terms is provided for readers who do not have an extensive background in chemistry. Although aimed at first year students studying environmental sciences, chemistry, geology, biology, or other science subjects, this book should also appeal to sixth formers studying chemistry or other sciences to ""A"" level, as well as to anyone with (or willing to acquire) a basic knowledge of chemistry and interested in how the natural environment operates as a chemical system.

Table of Contents


1 Introduction

The Crust

The Hydrosphere

The Atmosphere

The Earth-Air-Water Factory

2 The Atmosphere

The Oxygen Cycle

The Nitrogen Cycle

Thermodynamics and the Prediction of Chemical Reactions

Chemical Interactions between the Atmosphere and the Hydrosphere

Atmospheric Water and the Water Cycle

Anthropogenic Inputs to the Atmosphere

3 The Crust

The Role of Water

The Structure of Silicate Minerals

Weathering Processes

Mechanisms of Chemical Weathering

Silicate Weathering Mechanisms

The Controls on Weathering Reactions

Clay Minerals: The Solid Products of Weathering Reactions

The Land-based Hydrosphere

Anthropogenic Inputs to the Land-based Hydrosphere

4 The Oceans

Evaporite Formation

Carbonate Formation

Silica Formation in the Oceans

Interactions between Particulate Material and Sea Water

Anthropogenic Inputs to the Oceans

5 Formation of Mineral Resources in Sediments

Manganese Nodules

Microbiological Processes in Sediments

Formation of Petroleum

Formation of Coal





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© Butterworth-Heinemann 1980
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About the Author

R. Raiswell

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