Environmental Adaptations

Environmental Adaptations

1st Edition - July 28, 1983

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  • Editor: F. John Vernberg
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323162821

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Environmental Adaptations examines the dynamic interaction between an organism and its external environment in order to emphasize the adaptive significance of its responses. Focusing on the adaptations of crustaceans, it bridges the gap between other volumes in the series which deal in detail with the functional machinery of crustaceans and those dealing with ecological, taxonomic, behavioral, and applied subjects. This book is divided into seven chapters. The first two chapters highlight the range of respiratory responses exhibited by crustaceans when subjected to various environmental factors. Chapter 3 summarizes the mechanisms by which crustaceans take up energy and food from the environment under fluctuating conditions. It also reviews the assimilation efficiencies of crustaceans and the predator-prey interaction. Chapter 4 deals with ionic and osmoregulation from the view of its interaction with the environment. It emphasizes the adaptive nature of chemical regulation that enables various crustaceans to inhabit waters ranging from hypersaline ponds to fresh water. Chapter 5 discusses how the various species are reproductively adapted to generate offspring in the tremendous diversity of habitats occupied by crustaceans. The last two chapters report on the specific adaptations of crustaceans to terrestrial and freshwater habitats. This book is a valuable source for zoologists, paleontologists, ecologists, physiologists, endocrinologists, morphologists, pathologists, and fisheries biologists, and an essential reference work for institutional libraries.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors

    General Preface

    General Acknowledgments

    Preface to Volume 8

    Classification of the Decapoda

    Contents of Previous Volumes

    1. Respiratory Adaptations

    I. Introduction

    II. Abiotic Factors

    III. Biotic Factors

    IV. Conclusion


    2. Environmental Adaptations of the Respiratory System: Ventilation, Circulation, and Oxygen Transport

    I. Introduction

    II. Temperature Adaptations

    III. Adaptations to Ambient Oxygen Concentrations

    IV. Environmental Carbon Dioxide and pH

    V. Respiratory Adaptations to Salinity

    VI. Exercise

    VII. Summary


    3. Adaptive Aspects of Feeding Mechanisms

    I. Introduction

    II. Food and Feeding Mechanisms (Except Filtering)

    III. Filter Feeding

    IV. Assimilation Efficiencies

    V. Conclusions and Prospects


    4. Interactions of Chemical and Osmotic Regulation with the Environment

    I. Introduction

    II. Direct Effects of Salinity

    III. Indirect Effects of Salinity

    IV. Conclusions


    5. Ecological Aspects of Reproduction

    I. Introduction

    II. Types of Reproduction

    III. Reproductive Cycles

    IV. Live History Patterns and Reproductive Traits

    V. Conclusions


    6. Terrestrial Adaptations

    I. Introduction

    II. Terrestrialness

    III. Major Adaptations by Groups of Crustacea

    IV. Functional Adaptations of the Individual

    V. Behavioral Interactions

    VI. Conclusions


    7. Freshwater Adaptations

    I. Introduction

    II. Characteristics of Freshwater Habitats

    III. Evolutionary Trends

    IV. Salinity

    V. Temperature

    VI. Drought

    VII. Genetic Variation

    VIII. Bioenergetics

    IX. Respiration

    X. Feeding

    XI. Reproduction

    XII. Buoyancy

    XIII. Hydrostatic Pressure

    XIV. Behavioral Adaptations

    XV. Summary


    Systematic Index—Crustacea

    Systematic Index—Non-Crustacea

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 410
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1983
  • Published: July 28, 1983
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323162821

About the Editor

F. John Vernberg

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