Environmental Adaptations - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780121064082, 9780323162821

Environmental Adaptations

1st Edition

Editors: F. John Vernberg
eBook ISBN: 9780323162821
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th July 1983
Page Count: 410
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Environmental Adaptations examines the dynamic interaction between an organism and its external environment in order to emphasize the adaptive significance of its responses. Focusing on the adaptations of crustaceans, it bridges the gap between other volumes in the series which deal in detail with the functional machinery of crustaceans and those dealing with ecological, taxonomic, behavioral, and applied subjects. This book is divided into seven chapters. The first two chapters highlight the range of respiratory responses exhibited by crustaceans when subjected to various environmental factors. Chapter 3 summarizes the mechanisms by which crustaceans take up energy and food from the environment under fluctuating conditions. It also reviews the assimilation efficiencies of crustaceans and the predator-prey interaction. Chapter 4 deals with ionic and osmoregulation from the view of its interaction with the environment. It emphasizes the adaptive nature of chemical regulation that enables various crustaceans to inhabit waters ranging from hypersaline ponds to fresh water. Chapter 5 discusses how the various species are reproductively adapted to generate offspring in the tremendous diversity of habitats occupied by crustaceans. The last two chapters report on the specific adaptations of crustaceans to terrestrial and freshwater habitats. This book is a valuable source for zoologists, paleontologists, ecologists, physiologists, endocrinologists, morphologists, pathologists, and fisheries biologists, and an essential reference work for institutional libraries.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors General Preface General Acknowledgments Preface to Volume 8 Classification of the Decapoda Contents of Previous Volumes

  1. Respiratory Adaptations I. Introduction II. Abiotic Factors III. Biotic Factors IV. Conclusion References
  2. Environmental Adaptations of the Respiratory System: Ventilation, Circulation, and Oxygen Transport I. Introduction II. Temperature Adaptations III. Adaptations to Ambient Oxygen Concentrations IV. Environmental Carbon Dioxide and pH V. Respiratory Adaptations to Salinity VI. Exercise VII. Summary References
  3. Adaptive Aspects of Feeding Mechanisms I. Introduction II. Food and Feeding Mechanisms (Except Filtering) III. Filter Feeding IV. Assimilation Efficiencies V. Conclusions and Prospects References
  4. Interactions of Chemical and Osmotic Regulation with the Environment I. Introduction II. Direct Effects of Salinity III. Indirect Effects of Salinity IV. Conclusions References
  5. Ecological Aspects of Reproduction I. Introduction II. Types of Reproduction III. Reproductive Cycles IV. Live History Patterns and Reproductive Traits V. Conclusions References
  6. Terrestrial Adaptations I. Introduction II. Terrestrialness III. Major Adaptations by Groups of Crustacea IV. Functional Adaptations of the Individual V. Behavioral Interactions VI. Conclusions References
  7. Freshwater Adaptations I. Introduction II. Characteristics of Freshwater Habitats III. Evolutionary Trends IV. Salinity V. Temperature VI. Drought VII. Genetic Variation VIII. Bioenergetics IX. Respiration X. Feeding XI. Reproduction XII. Buoyancy XIII. Hydrostatic Pressure XIV. Behavioral Adaptations XV. Summary References Systematic Index—Crustacea Systematic Index—Non-Crustacea Subject Index


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© Academic Press 1983
Academic Press
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About the Editor

F. John Vernberg

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