Enhancing Disaster Preparedness: From Humanitarian Architecture to Community Resilience relates to the fourth priority of the UNDRR’s Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030. Taking a wide understanding of disaster preparedness, the book deals with resilient responses and building capacities related to hazardous events, bringing some practical experiences and theoretical insights in this regard. Mostly based on field research conducted in the Global South by architects and other built-environment professionals, the book covers both post-disaster interventions (rebuilding and recovery) and development-related processes.Its three parts address the interlinkages between humanitarian design, community resilience, and inclusive governance, which are crucial for fostering effective disaster preparedness. Part I discusses the changing roles of architects and urban designers involved in the humanitarian sphere. Part II concentrates on resilience as a socioecological capacity to enhance preparedness within community-based spatial processes. Focused on global dynamics, Part III covers topics emphasizing the link between the management of crises, whether political or economic, at different levels of governance, and the vulnerability of communities and structures on the national and local scales. As such, the book approaches rising global priorities and brings timely lessons to support building a more equitable, safe, and resilient environment in a rapidly urbanized world.
Explores Sendai’s fourth priority through a spatial lens
Examines the role of humanitarian design in building resilience
Critically revisits concepts such as incremental housing and building back better
Provides examples of methodological tools for community engagement in resilience-building processes
Academics in disaster management, policymakers, architects, planners, NGO collaborators, humanitarian-aid workers, and risk practitioners in general
Table of Contents
PART I – Humanitarian architecture 1. A humanitarian shelter terminology framework 2. Techo’s emergency-housing response to hurricanes in Puerto Rico: Lessons from the field 3. The story of the disaster-relief houses in Iceland 4. The influence of technical assistance in the adoption of safer construction practices in Nepal 5. Participatory design for refugee shelters: An experiment in Syrian camps in Jordan 6. Lessons for Humanitarian Architecture from design contests: The case of the Building 4Humanity Design Competition
PART II – Architecture and urban design to enhance community preparedness 7. Architects’ multifaceted roles in enhancing resilience after disasters 8. Probing for resilience: Exploring design with empathy in Zanzibar, Tanzania 9. Consolidation design as an adaptation strategy in the Toi Market in Nairobi, Kenya 10. Risk and urban design in Brazilian favelas: Linking participation, collective spaces, and territorial management
PART III – Housing vulnerability, community resilience, and inclusive governance 11. Informality versus short-term regularization of the Syrian refugees’ situation in Lebanon 12. Incremental housing in Villa Verde, Chile: A view through the Sendai Framework lens 13. Climate Action Zones: A clustering methodology for resilient spatial planning in climate uncertainty 14. The links between vulnerability, poverty, and natural hazards: A focus on the impacts of globalization trends
Since 2013 Dr. Martins has been an integrated researcher of CIAUD, the Research Centre for Architecture, Urbanism, and Design, within the Faculty of Architecture of the University of Lisbon with a project addressing risk, resilience as well as humanitarian architecture for disaster-prone and informal-settlement environments. In the past three years, he has chaired major global conferences and design competitions focused on risk, resilience, and humanitarian architecture. As a project manager of the NGO Building 4Humanity, Design, and Reconstructing Communities Association, he has been leading multidisciplinary teams in projects and missions in Portugal, Africa, and Brazil. The outcomes of the action-research fieldwork have been presented in conferences in the areas of sustainability, urban disaster as well as design in development, and subsequently published in proceedings, books, and journals. His current research interests include the re-visitation of the concept of incremental housing and the introduction of humanitarian architecture into architectural education.
Affiliations and Expertise
Integrated Researcher, CIAUD, the Research Centre for Architecture, Urbanism, and Design, Faculty of Architecture, University of Lisbon, Portugal
Dr. Mahmood Fayazi is an Associate Professor at the Institute for Disaster Management and Reconstruction (IDMR) at Sichuan University and the Hong Kong Polytechnic University. At the same time, he is an invited professor at the School of Architecture, Université de Montréal. Drawing on discourses of resilience, vulnerability, and climate change adaptation, his research focuses on explaining why and how environment disturbances and climate change pressures impact human settlements. Currently, he leads some research initiatives focusing on the impacts of reconstruction projects on rural communities after the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake in China. Also, in close collaboration with several scholars in Canada, he investigates causal factors of vulnerability and the impacts of post-flood interventions on households, neighborhoods, and cities in Quebec, Canada. Dr. Fayazi has published a book, several scholarly articles, and presented his research findings at many international conferences around the globe.
Affiliations and Expertise
The Institute for Disaster Management and Reconstruction (IDMR) at Sichuan University and Polytechnic University, Hong Kong Chengdu City, Sichuan, China, and Université de Montréal, Canada
Faten Kikano is a researcher and a Ph.D. candidate in the Faculty of Environmental Studies at Université de Montréal. She is affiliated with Œuvre Durable, a multi-university research group focused on vulnerability, resilience, and sustainable reconstruction. Following 20 years of experience as a practitioner in architecture and design and as an instructor in the most prestigious universities in Lebanon, she oriented her career towards research in refugee spaces. Her study explores the impact of refugees’ institutional, economic and social conditions on the process of space appropriation in refugee spaces—urban accommodations, informal encampment, and organized camps. Her research bridges the gap between misrepresentations of refugee spaces as temporary solutions and the protracted conditions of most refugee situations. Findings of her research enable her to set a practical framework for governments and institutions with policies aiming at the implementation of appropriate living environments for refugees and sustainable solutions in host countries. Her project focuses on the case of Syrian refugees in Lebanon, Jordan, and Turkey. Her study is funded by the prestigious Armand Bombardier scholarship of the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC). She has participated in several international academic, humanitarian, and artistic activities and published a number of scholarly articles and book chapters related to forced migration.
Affiliations and Expertise
Université de Montréal, Canada
Liliane Hobeica is an architect-urbanist whose research activities have been following a broad disciplinary approach. After three master degrees, in urbanism, human ecology, and risk sciences, she concluded in 2018 a PhD in risk sciences, in which she explored the potentials of spatial design as a flood-adaptation tool within urban-riverfront interventions. She is currently interested in the social dimensions of flood adaptation, community-based resilient design, and risk mainstreaming in architectural practices.
Affiliations and Expertise
Environmental Hazard and Risk Assessment and Management (RISKam) research group, Centre of Geographical Studies (CEG), University of Lisbon, Portugal