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Enhancing Disaster Preparedness - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128190784

Enhancing Disaster Preparedness

1st Edition

From Humanitarian Architecture to Community Resilience

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Editors: A. Nuno Martins Mahmood Fayazi Liliane Hobeica Faten Kikano
Paperback ISBN: 9780128190784
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 1st November 2020
Page Count: 400
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Description

Enhancing Disaster Preparedness: From Humanitarian Architecture to Community Resilience presents valuable information from the UNISDR Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, 2015-2030. The framework includes a discussion of risk and resilience from both a theoretical and governance perspective in light of ideas that are shaping our common future. In addition, it presents innovative tools and best practices in reducing risk and building resilience. Combining the applications of social, financial, technological, design, engineering and nature-based approaches, the volume addresses rising global priorities and focuses on our global understanding of the “Build Back Better” principle, response to forced displacement, and resilience in decision-making.

Other sections present historic and contemporary issues, asking researchers and governments how they can use technological advances, risk and resilience metrics and modeling, business continuity practices, and past experiences to assess disasters and response preparedness and ensure effective response and recovery related to disasters. By presenting a balanced, future perspective of this “Build Back Better” principle, as well as methods for preparing for, acting on, and learning from forced displacement situations, the book offers practical ways for communities to prepare for, and respond to, disasters.

Key Features

  • Follows the global frameworks for disaster risk reduction and sustainability, specifically the UNISDR Sendai Framework for DRR, 2015-2030
  • Offers a balanced perspective of the “Build Back Better” principle and future considerations
  • Provides considerations for preparing, acting and learning from forced displacement situations
  • Examines the role of humanitarian architecture in building resilience

Readership

Academics in disaster management, policy makers, industry sector, NGOs and risk practitioners in general

Table of Contents

PART I – Humanitarian architecture
1. A humanitarian shelter terminology framework
2. Emergency-housing response to the 2017 hurricanes in Puerto Rico
3. The story of the disaster-relief houses in Iceland
4. The influence of technical assistance in the adoption of safer construction practices in Nepal
5. Refugee participatory design for shelters: An experiment in Syrian camps in Jordan
6. Lessons for humanitarian architecture from design contests focusing on risk and resilience

PART II – Building resilience to enhance community preparedness
7. Architects’ multifaceted roles in enhancing resilience after disasters
8. Probing for resilience: Exploring design with empathy in Zanzibar, Tanzania
9. Consolidation design as an adaptation strategy in the Toi Market in Nairobi, Kenya
10. Risk and urban design in Brazilian favelas: Linking participation, collective spaces and territorial management

PART III – Community resilience and global dynamics
11. Informality versus short-term regularization of the Syrian refugees' situation in Lebanon
12. Resilience and incrementalism: The case of Villa Verde, Chile
13. Climate Action Zones: A clustering methodology for resilient spatial planning
14. The links between vulnerability, poverty, and natural hazards: A focus on the impacts of globalization trends

Details

No. of pages:
400
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier 2021
Published:
1st November 2020
Imprint:
Elsevier
Paperback ISBN:
9780128190784

About the Editors

A. Nuno Martins

Since 2013 Dr. Martins has been an integrated researcher of CIAUD, the Research Centre for Architecture, Urbanism, and Design, within the Faculty of Architecture of the University of Lisbon with a project addressing risk, resilience as well as humanitarian architecture for disaster-prone and informal settlement environments. In the past three years, he has chaired major global conferences and design competitions focused on risk, resilience and humanitarian architecture. As a project manager of the NGO Building 4 Humanity, Design, and Reconstructing Communities Association he has been leading multidisciplinary teams in projects and missions in Portugal, Africa and Brasil. The outcomes of the action-research fieldwork have been presented in conferences in the areas of sustainability, urban disaster as well as design in development and subsequently published in proceedings, books and journals. His current research interests include the re-visitation of the concept of incremental housing and the introduction of humanitarian architecture into architectural education.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Lisbon, Portugal

Mahmood Fayazi

Dr. Mahmood Fayazi is an Associate Professor at the Institute of Disaster Management and Reconstruction (IDMR) at Sichuan University and the Hong Kong Polytechnic University. Drawing on discourses of resilience, vulnerability, and climate change adaptation, his research focuses on explaining why and how environment disturbances and climate change pressures impact human settlements. Currently, he leads a research project that focuses on the impacts of reconstruction projects on the marginalized and unprivileged rural communities after the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake in China. Also, in close collaboration with several scholars in Canada, he investigates household disparities and the impact of alternative disaster mitigation strategies on Indigenous and non-indigenous communities in Southern Québec in Canada. Dr. Fayazi has published a book, several scholarly articles, and presented his research findings at many international conferences around the globe. Along with the research activities, he has developed several courses and taught a variety of class in different languages (English, French, and Farsi) and different countries (Canada, Iran, and China).

Affiliations and Expertise

The Institute for Disaster Management and Reconstruction (IDMR) at Sichuan University and Polytechnic University, Hong Kong Chengdu City, Sichuan, China

Liliane Hobeica

Liliane Hobeica is an architect-urbanist who worked with mainstream building projects, before turning her attention to the city and urban-sustainability issues and concentrating her research and practice on slum-upgrading processes. Her research activities have been following a broad disciplinary approach. After three master degrees, in urbanism, human ecology and risk sciences, she concluded in 2018 a PhD in risk sciences, in which she explored the potentials of spatial design as a flood-adaptation tool within urban-riverfront interventions.

Affiliations and Expertise

Environmental Hazard and Risk Assessment and Management (RISKam) research group, Centre of Geographical Studies (CEG), University of Lisbon, Portugal

Faten Kikano

Faten Kikano currently works at the University of Montreal conducting research in Cultural Anthropology. Her current project is 'i-Rec Information and Research for Reconstruction'. She specializes in refugee hosting and settlement policies and conducted a case study on Syrian refugee spaces in Lebanon and Jordan. She has also been an Instructor in McGill University’s School of Urban Planning, Housing and Community Reconstruction after Disasters.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Montreal, Canada

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