Engineering Materials - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780434901692, 9781483183091

Engineering Materials

1st Edition

Volume 2

Authors: William Bolton
eBook ISBN: 9781483183091
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 1st January 1987
Page Count: 112
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Description

Engineering Materials 2 is an introduction to the properties and structures of engineering materials such as metals, polymers, ceramics, and composites. The fracture, fatigue, creep, and environmental stability of materials are discussed, along with the results of impact tests, tensile tests, bend tests, and hardness measurements.

Comprised of 13 chapters, this volume begins by considering the factors that determine the selection of a material from which a component is to be made, as well as the main properties required of engineering materials. The reader is then introduced to the main methods used for tensile testing, impact testing, bend tests, and hardness measurements, and how to interpret the results of such tests together with thermal conductivity and electrical conductivity data. Subsequent chapters focus on the basic structure of materials including metals, polymers, and composites; the shaping of metals and non-metallic materials; and the fracture, fatigue, creep, and environmental stability of materials.

This book is intended for engineering students and technicians who want to gain a basic understanding of the properties and structures of engineering materials.

Table of Contents


Preface

1 The Selection of Materials

The Requirements of the Material

Properties of Materials

The Range of Engineering Materials

The Range of Properties

Problems

2 Properties of Materials

The Tensile Test for Metals

The Tensile Test Piece

The Tensile Test for Plastics

Interpreting Tensile Test Data

Typical Tensile Test Results

Impact Tests

Interpreting Impact Test Results

Typical Impact Test Results

Bend Tests

Hardness Measurements with Metals

Comparison of the Different Hardness Scales

Hardness Measurement with Plastics

The Moh Scale of Hardness

Typical Hardness Values

Other Mechanical Tests

Thermal Conductivity

Electrical Conductivity

Problems

3 Basic Structure of Materials

Atoms and Molecules

States of Matter

Bonds

Crystals

Structure

Problems

4 Structure of Metals

Metals as Crystalline

Growth of Metal Crystals

Structure of Ingots and Castings

Alloys

Iron Alloys

Plain Carbon Steels

Non-Ferrous Alloys

Problems

5 Shaping Metals

Plastic Deformation of Metals

Cold Working

The Structure of Cold Worked Metals

The Effect of Heat on Cold-Worked Metals

Factors Affecting Recrystallisation

Hot working

Cast and Wrought Products

The Effect of Grain Size on Properties

Powder Techniques

Problems

6 Polymers

Polymer Structure

Crystallinity in Polymers

Plastics

Common Plastics

The General Properties of Plastics

Elastomers

Problems

7 Shaping Non-Metallic Materials

The Main Polymer-Forming Processes

Extrusion

Moulding

Casting

Calendering

Forming

Machining

Forming Processes with Ceramics

Problems

8 Composites

Examples of Composites

Continuous Fibres in a Matrix

Reinforced Plastics

Dispersion Strengthened Metals

Cermets

Laminated Materials

Problems

9 Fracture

Allowable Working Stress

Types of Fracture

Factors Affecting Fracture

Problems

10 Fatigue

Fatigue Failure

Fatigue Tests

Factors Affecting the Fatigue Properties of Metals

The Fatigue Properties of Plastics

Problems

11 Creep

Short-Term and Long-Term Behaviour

Factors Affecting Creep Behaviour with Metals

Factors Affecting Creep Behaviour with Plastics

Problems

12 Environmental Stability of Materials

Corrosion

Galvanic Corrosion

Corrosion Prevention

The Stability of Polymers

The Stability of Ceramics

Problems

13 Choosing Materials

The Requirements

Problems

Index

Details

No. of pages:
112
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Butterworth-Heinemann 1987
Published:
Imprint:
Butterworth-Heinemann
eBook ISBN:
9781483183091

About the Author

William Bolton

Former Lecturer at Buckingham Chilterns University College, High Wycombe, UK, and now retired, William Bolton has worked in industry and academia as a senior lecturer in a college of technology, a member of the Nuffield Advanced Physics team, an adviser to a British government aid project in Brazil on technical education, as a UNESCO consultant in Argentina and Thailand, and as Head of Research and Development at the Business and Technician Education Council. He has written many engineering textbooks, including Mechatronics, 4th ed., Engineering Science, 5th ed., Higher Engineering Science, 2nd ed., Mechanical Science, 3rd ed., and Instrumentation and Control Systems.

Affiliations and Expertise

Formerly Lecturer, Buckingham Chilterns University College, High Wycombe, UK

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