Engineering Materials

Engineering Materials

Volume 2

1st Edition - January 1, 1987

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  • Author: W. Bolton
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483183091

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Engineering Materials 2 is an introduction to the properties and structures of engineering materials such as metals, polymers, ceramics, and composites. The fracture, fatigue, creep, and environmental stability of materials are discussed, along with the results of impact tests, tensile tests, bend tests, and hardness measurements. Comprised of 13 chapters, this volume begins by considering the factors that determine the selection of a material from which a component is to be made, as well as the main properties required of engineering materials. The reader is then introduced to the main methods used for tensile testing, impact testing, bend tests, and hardness measurements, and how to interpret the results of such tests together with thermal conductivity and electrical conductivity data. Subsequent chapters focus on the basic structure of materials including metals, polymers, and composites; the shaping of metals and non-metallic materials; and the fracture, fatigue, creep, and environmental stability of materials. This book is intended for engineering students and technicians who want to gain a basic understanding of the properties and structures of engineering materials.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    1 The Selection of Materials

    The Requirements of the Material

    Properties of Materials

    The Range of Engineering Materials

    The Range of Properties


    2 Properties of Materials

    The Tensile Test for Metals

    The Tensile Test Piece

    The Tensile Test for Plastics

    Interpreting Tensile Test Data

    Typical Tensile Test Results

    Impact Tests

    Interpreting Impact Test Results

    Typical Impact Test Results

    Bend Tests

    Hardness Measurements with Metals

    Comparison of the Different Hardness Scales

    Hardness Measurement with Plastics

    The Moh Scale of Hardness

    Typical Hardness Values

    Other Mechanical Tests

    Thermal Conductivity

    Electrical Conductivity


    3 Basic Structure of Materials

    Atoms and Molecules

    States of Matter





    4 Structure of Metals

    Metals as Crystalline

    Growth of Metal Crystals

    Structure of Ingots and Castings


    Iron Alloys

    Plain Carbon Steels

    Non-Ferrous Alloys


    5 Shaping Metals

    Plastic Deformation of Metals

    Cold Working

    The Structure of Cold Worked Metals

    The Effect of Heat on Cold-Worked Metals

    Factors Affecting Recrystallisation

    Hot working

    Cast and Wrought Products

    The Effect of Grain Size on Properties

    Powder Techniques


    6 Polymers

    Polymer Structure

    Crystallinity in Polymers


    Common Plastics

    The General Properties of Plastics



    7 Shaping Non-Metallic Materials

    The Main Polymer-Forming Processes







    Forming Processes with Ceramics


    8 Composites

    Examples of Composites

    Continuous Fibres in a Matrix

    Reinforced Plastics

    Dispersion Strengthened Metals


    Laminated Materials


    9 Fracture

    Allowable Working Stress

    Types of Fracture

    Factors Affecting Fracture


    10 Fatigue

    Fatigue Failure

    Fatigue Tests

    Factors Affecting the Fatigue Properties of Metals

    The Fatigue Properties of Plastics


    11 Creep

    Short-Term and Long-Term Behaviour

    Factors Affecting Creep Behaviour with Metals

    Factors Affecting Creep Behaviour with Plastics


    12 Environmental Stability of Materials


    Galvanic Corrosion

    Corrosion Prevention

    The Stability of Polymers

    The Stability of Ceramics


    13 Choosing Materials

    The Requirements



Product details

  • No. of pages: 112
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 1987
  • Published: January 1, 1987
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483183091

About the Author

W. Bolton

Former Lecturer at Buckingham Chilterns University College, High Wycombe, UK, and now retired, William Bolton has worked in industry and academia as a senior lecturer in a college of technology, a member of the Nuffield Advanced Physics team, an adviser to a British government aid project in Brazil on technical education, as a UNESCO consultant in Argentina and Thailand, and as Head of Research and Development at the Business and Technician Education Council. He has written many engineering textbooks, including Mechatronics, 4th ed., Engineering Science, 5th ed., Higher Engineering Science, 2nd ed., Mechanical Science, 3rd ed., and Instrumentation and Control Systems.

Affiliations and Expertise

Formerly Lecturer, Buckingham Chilterns University College, High Wycombe, UK

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