Engineering Materials 2 - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780750608008, 9781483105529

Engineering Materials 2

1st Edition

Authors: William Bolton
eBook ISBN: 9781483105529
Imprint: Newnes
Published Date: 1st January 1987
Page Count: 112
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Description

Engineering Materials 2 covers an introduction to the properties and structures of engineering materials.
The book discusses the types of factors determining the choice of a material; the main properties required of engineering materials; the main methods used for tensile testing, impact testing, bend tests, and hardness measurements and the interpretation of measurements; and the interpretation of thermal conductivity and electrical conductivity data. The text also describes the basic structure of materials; the effect of hot and cold work on a metal structure; and the effect of grain size and shape on the mechanical properties of metals. The basic structural features of thermoplastic, thermosetting, and elastomer materials, relating the mechanical and thermal properties to the structures, and the properties of common plastics, relating the properties to their structures, are also described.
The book tackles the main categories of polymer forming and their products; the mechanical properties of composites and the properties of the matrix and fiber; and the environmental stability of materials. Engineering students and technicians will find the book invaluable.

Table of Contents


Preface

1 The Selection of Materials

The Requirements of the Material

Properties of Materials

The Range of Engineering Materials

The Range of Properties

Problems

2 Properties of Materials

The Tensile Test for Metals

The Tensile Test Piece

The Tensile Test for Plastics

Interpreting Tensile Test Data

Typical Tensile Test Results

Impact Tests

Interpreting Impact Test Results

Typical Impact Test Results

Bend Tests

Hardness Measurements with Metals

Comparison of the Different Hardness Scales

Hardness Measurement with Plastics

The Moh Scale of Hardness

Typical Hardness Values

Other Mechanical Tests

Thermal Conductivity

Electrical Conductivity

Problems

3 Basic Structure of Materials

Atoms and Molecules

States of Matter

Bonds

Crystals

Structure

Problems

4 Structure of Metals

Metals as Crystalline

Growth of Metal Crystals

Structure of Ingots and Castings

Alloys

Iron Alloys

Plain Carbon Steels

Non-Ferrous Alloys

Problems

5 Shaping Metals

Plastic Deformation of Metals

Cold Working

The Structure of Cold Worked Metals

The Effect of Heat on Cold-Worked Metals

Factors Affecting Recrystallization

Hot Working

Cast and Wrought Products

The Effect of Grain Size on Properties

Powder Techniques

Problems

6 Polymers

Polymer Structure

Crystallinity in Polymers

Plastics

Common Plastics

The General Properties of Plastics

Elastomers

Problems

7 Shaping Non-Metallic Materials

The Main Polymer-Forming Processes

Extrusion

Moulding

Casting

Calendering

Forming

Machining

Forming Processes with Ceramics

Problems

8 Composites

Examples of Composites

Continuous Fibers in a Matrix

Reinforced Plastics

Dispersion Strengthened Metals

Cermets

Laminated Materials

Problems

9 Fracture

Allowable Working Stress

Types of Fracture

Factors Affecting Fracture

Problems

10 Fatigue

Fatigue Failure

Fatigue Tests

Factors Affecting the Fatigue Properties of Metals

The Fatigue Properties of Plastics

Problems

11 Creep

Short-Term and Long-Term Behavior

Factors Affecting Creep Behavior with Metals

Factors Affecting Creep Behavior with Plastics

Problems

12 Environmental Stability of Materials

Corrosion

Galvanic Corrosion

Corrosion Prevention

The Stability of Polymers

The Stability of Ceramics

Problems

13 Choosing Materials

The Requirements

Problems

Index




Details

No. of pages:
112
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Newnes 1987
Published:
Imprint:
Newnes
eBook ISBN:
9781483105529

About the Author

William Bolton

Former Lecturer at Buckingham Chilterns University College, High Wycombe, UK, and now retired, William Bolton has worked in industry and academia as a senior lecturer in a college of technology, a member of the Nuffield Advanced Physics team, an adviser to a British government aid project in Brazil on technical education, as a UNESCO consultant in Argentina and Thailand, and as Head of Research and Development at the Business and Technician Education Council. He has written many engineering textbooks, including Mechatronics, 4th ed., Engineering Science, 5th ed., Higher Engineering Science, 2nd ed., Mechanical Science, 3rd ed., and Instrumentation and Control Systems.

Affiliations and Expertise

Formerly Lecturer, Buckingham Chilterns University College, High Wycombe, UK