Engineering Materials 1

Engineering Materials 1

An Introduction to Properties, Applications and Design

4th Edition - September 26, 2011

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  • Authors: David R.H. Jones, Michael Ashby
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080966663

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Description

Widely adopted around the world, Engineering Materials 1 is a core materials science and engineering text for third- and fourth-year undergraduate students; it provides a broad introduction to the mechanical and environmental properties of materials used in a wide range of engineering applications. The text is deliberately concise, with each chapter designed to cover the content of one lecture. As in previous editions, chapters are arranged in groups dealing with particular classes of properties, each group covering property definitions, measurement, underlying principles, and materials selection techniques. Every group concludes with a chapter of case studies that demonstrate practical engineering problems involving materials. Engineering Materials 1, Fourth Edition is perfect as a stand-alone text for a one-semester course in engineering materials or a first text with its companion Engineering Materials 2: An Introduction to Microstructures and Processing, in a two-semester course or sequence.

Key Features

  • Many new design case studies and design-based examples
  • Revised and expanded treatments of stress–strain, fatigue, creep, and corrosion
  • Additional worked examples—to consolidate, develop, and challenge
  • Compendia of results for elastic beams, plastic moments, and stress intensity factors
  • Many new photographs and links to Google Earth, websites, and video clips
  • Accompanying companion site with access to instructors’ resources, including a suite of interactive materials science tutorials, a solutions manual, and an image bank of figures from the book

Readership

Mid and senior undergraduate level courses, taught masters courses in departments of mechanical engineering; materials sciences; manufacturing; engineering design; materials design; product design; aeronautical engineering; engineering sciences. Particularly suitable as a one-semester course text

Table of Contents

  • Chapter 1. Engineering Materials and Their Properties

    1.1. Introduction

    1.2. Examples of Materials Selection

    Chapter 2. The Price and Availability of Materials

    2.1. Introduction

    2.2. Data for material prices

    2.3. The use-pattern of materials

    2.4. Ubiquitous materials

    2.5. Exponential growth and consumption doubling-time

    2.6. Resource availability

    2.7. The future

    2.8. Conclusion

    Chapter 3. The Elastic Moduli

    3.1. Introduction

    3.2. Definition of Stress

    3.3. Definition of Strain

    3.4. Hooke's Law

    3.5. Measurement of Young's Modulus

    3.6. Data for Young's Modulus

    Chapter 4. Bonding between Atoms

    4.1. Introduction

    4.2. Primary bonds

    4.3. Secondary bonds

    4.4. The condensed states of matter

    4.5. Interatomic forces

    Chapter 5. Packing of Atoms in Solids

    5.1. Introduction

    5.2. Atom Packing in Crystals

    5.3. Close-Packed Structures and Crystal Energies

    5.4. Crystallography

    5.5. Plane Indices

    5.6. Direction Indices

    5.7. Other Simple Important Crystal Structures

    5.8. Atom Packing in Polymers

    5.9. Atom Packing in Inorganic Glasses

    5.10. The Density of Solids

    Chapter 6. The Physical Basis of Young's Modulus

    6.1. Introduction

    6.2. Moduli of Crystals

    6.3. Rubbers and the Glass Transition Temperature

    6.4. Composites

    Chapter 7. Case Studies in Modulus-Limited Design

    7.1. Case Study 1: Selecting Materials for Racing Yacht Masts

    7.2. Case Study 2: Designing a Mirror for a Large Reflecting Telescope

    7.3. Case Study 3: The Challenger Space Shuttle Disaster

    Chapter 8. Yield Strength, Tensile Strength, and Ductility

    8.1. Introduction

    8.2. Linear and Nonlinear Elasticity

    8.3. Load–Extension Curves for Nonelastic (Plastic) Behavior

    8.4. True Stress–Strain Curves for Plastic Flow

    8.5. Plastic Work

    8.6. Tensile Testing

    8.7. Data

    8.8. A Note on the Hardness Test

    Chapter 9. Dislocations and Yielding in Crystals

    9.1. Introduction

    9.2. The Strength of a Perfect Crystal

    9.3. Dislocations in Crystals

    9.4. The Force Acting on a Dislocation

    9.5. Other Properties of Dislocations

    Chapter 10. Strengthening Methods and Plasticity of Polycrystals

    10.1. Introduction

    10.2. Strengthening Mechanisms

    10.3. Solid Solution Hardening

    10.4. Precipitate and Dispersion Strengthening

    10.5. Work-Hardening

    10.6. The Dislocation Yield Strength

    10.7. Yield in Polycrystals

    10.8. Final Remarks

    Chapter 11. Continuum Aspects of Plastic Flow

    11.1. Introduction

    11.2. The onset of yielding and the shear yield strength, k

    11.3. Analyzing the hardness test

    11.4. Plastic instability: necking in tensile loading

    Chapter 12. Case Studies in Yield-Limited Design

    12.1. Introduction

    12.2. Case Study 1: Elastic Design—Materials for Springs

    12.3. Case Study 2: Plastic Design—Materials for Pressure Vessels

    12.4. Case Study 3: Large-Strain Plasticity—Metal Rolling

    Chapter 13. Fast Fracture and Toughness

    13.1. Introduction

    13.2. Energy Criterion for Fast Fracture

    13.3. Data for Gc and Kc

    Chapter 14. Micromechanisms of Fast Fracture

    14.1. Introduction

    14.2. Mechanisms of Crack Propagation 1: Ductile Tearing

    14.3. Mechanisms of Crack Propagation 2: Cleavage

    14.4. Composites, Including Wood

    14.5. Avoiding Brittle Alloys

    Chapter 15. Probabilistic Fracture of Brittle Materials

    15.1. Introduction

    15.2. The Statistics of Strength

    15.3. The Weibull Distribution

    15.4. The Modulus of Rupture

    Chapter 16. Case Studies in Fracture

    16.1. Introduction

    16.2. Case Study 1: Fast Fracture of an Ammonia Tank

    16.3. Case Study 2: Explosion of a Perspex Pressure Window during Hydrostatic Testing

    16.4. Case Study 3: Cracking of a Foam Jacket on a Liquid Methane Tank

    Chapter 17. Fatigue Failure

    17.1. Introduction

    17.2. Fatigue of Uncracked Components

    17.3. Fatigue of Cracked Components

    17.4. Fatigue Mechanisms

    Chapter 18. Fatigue Design

    18.1. Introduction

    18.2. Fatigue Data for Uncracked Components

    18.3. Stress Concentrations

    18.4. The Notch Sensitivity Factor

    18.5. Fatigue Data for Welded Joints

    18.6. Fatigue Improvement Techniques

    18.7. Designing Out Fatigue Cycles

    Chapter 19. Case Studies in Fatigue Failure

    19.1. Case Study 1: The Comet Air Disasters

    19.2. Case Study 2: The Eschede Railway Disaster

    19.3. Case Study 3: The Safety of the Stretham Engine

    Chapter 20. Creep and Creep Fracture

    20.1. Introduction

    20.2. Creep Testing and Creep Curves

    20.3. Creep Relaxation

    20.4. Creep Damage and Creep Fracture

    20.5. Creep-Resistant Materials

    Chapter 21. Kinetic Theory of Diffusion

    21.1. Introduction

    21.2. Diffusion and Fick's Law

    21.3. Data for Diffusion Coefficients

    21.4. Mechanisms of Diffusion

    Chapter 22. Mechanisms of Creep, and Creep-Resistant Materials

    22.1. Introduction

    22.2. Creep Mechanisms: Metals and Ceramics

    22.3. Creep Mechanisms: Polymers

    22.4. Selecting Materials to Resist Creep

    Chapter 23. The Turbine Blade—A Case Study in Creep-Limited Design

    23.1. Introduction

    23.2. Properties Required of a Turbine Blade

    23.3. Nickel-Based Super-Alloys

    23.4. Engineering Developments—Blade Cooling

    23.5. Future Developments: High-Temperature Ceramics

    23.6. Cost Effectiveness

    Chapter 24. Oxidation of Materials

    24.1. Introduction

    24.2. The Energy of Oxidation

    24.3. Rates of Oxidation

    24.4. Data

    24.5. Micromechanisms

    Chapter 25. Case Studies in Dry Oxidation

    25.1. Introduction

    25.2. Case Study 1: Making Stainless Alloys

    25.3. Case Study 2: Protecting Turbine Blades

    25.4. A Note on Joining Operations

    Chapter 26. Wet Corrosion of Materials

    26.1. Introduction

    26.2. Wet Corrosion

    26.3. Voltage Differences as the Driving Force for Wet Oxidation

    26.4. Pourbaix (Electrochemical Equilibrium) Diagrams

    26.5. Some Examples

    26.6. A Note on Standard Electrode Potentials

    26.7. Localized Attack

    Chapter 27. Case Studies in Wet Corrosion

    27.1. Case Study 1: Protecting Ships' Hulls from Corrosion

    27.2. Case Study 2: Rusting of a Stainless Steel Water Filter

    27.3. Case Study 3: Corrosion in Reinforced Concrete

    27.4. A Note on Small Anodes and Large Cathodes

    Chapter 28. Friction and Wear

    28.1. Introduction

    28.2. Friction between Materials

    28.3. Data for Coefficients of Friction

    28.4. Lubrication

    28.5. Wear of Materials

    28.6. Surface and Bulk Properties

    Chapter 29. Case Studies in Friction and Wear

    29.1. Introduction

    29.2. Case Study 1: The Design of Journal Bearings

    29.3. Case Study 2: Materials for Skis and Sledge Runners

    29.4. Case Study 3: High-Friction Rubber

    Chapter 30. Final Case Study

    30.1. Introduction

    30.2. Energy and Carbon Emissions

    30.3. Ways of Achieving Energy Economy

    30.4. Material Content of a Car

    30.5. Alternative Materials

    30.6. Production Methods

    30.7. Conclusions

    Appendix. Symbols and Formulae

Product details

  • No. of pages: 496
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 2011
  • Published: September 26, 2011
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080966663

About the Authors

David R.H. Jones

David R.H. Jones
Dr. Jones is co-author of Engineering Materials 1 and 2 and lead author for the 3rd and 4th editions. He was the founder editor of Elsevier's journal Engineering Failure Analysis, and founder chair of Elsevier's International Conference on Engineering Failure Analysis series. His research interests are in materials engineering, and along with serving as President of Christ's College at the University of Cambridge he now works internationally advising major companies and legal firms on failures of large steel structures.

Affiliations and Expertise

Former President, Christ's College, Cambridge, UK

Michael Ashby

Michael Ashby
Mike Ashby is one of the world’s foremost authorities on materials selection. He is sole or lead author of several of Elsevier’s top selling engineering textbooks, including Materials and Design: The Art and Science of Material Selection in Product Design, Materials Selection in Mechanical Design, Materials and the Environment, Materials and Sustainable Development, and Materials: Engineering, Science, Processing and Design. He is also co-author of the books Engineering Materials 1&2, and Nanomaterials, Nanotechnologies and Design.

Affiliations and Expertise

Royal Society Research Professor Emeritus, University of Cambridge, and Former Visiting Professor of Design at the Royal College of Art, London, UK

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