Engineering Geology

Engineering Geology

First published on January 1, 1976

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  • Author: Q Zaruba
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444601209

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Description

Engineering Geology attempts to provide an understanding of relations between the geology of a building site and the engineering structure. It presents examples taken from real-life experience and practice to provide evidence for the significance of engineering geology in planning, design, construction, and maintenance of engineering structures. The book begins with an introduction of geological investigations, distinguishing between the reconnaissance investigation, the detailed investigation, and investigation during construction. It then explains the significance of geological maps and sections; the mechanical behavior of rocks; subsurface investigation for engineering construction; and geophysical methods. The remaining chapters discuss the physical and chemical weathering of rocks; slope movements; and geological investigations for buildings, roads and railways, tunnels, and hydraulic structures. This book is intended particularly for civil engineering students and students of engineering geology in the university faculties of natural sciences. It describes geological features so as to be comprehensible to Technical College students and to explain construction problems intelligibly for geology students. The book will also be of assistance to planners, civil engineers, and graduate engineering geologists.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    Introduction

    Co-operation of geologists with engineers

    Chapter 1. Geological Investigations

    1.1. Reconnaissance investigation

    1.2. Detailed geological investigation

    1.3. Geological investigation during construction

    Chapter 2. Geological Maps and Sections

    2.1. Types of geological maps

    2.2. Engineering geological maps

    2.3. Maps of geologically hazardous zones

    2.4. Topographic base maps for geological mapping

    2.5. Use of aerial photographs for geological mapping

    2.6. Geological sections

    Chapter 3. Mechanical Properties of Rocks

    3.1. Physical background of the mechanical behavior of rocks

    3.2. Character of the planes of discontinuity and methods of representation

    3.3. Physical and index properties of rocks

    3.4. Deformation properties of rocks

    3.5. Strength of rocks

    3.6. Natural stress state in rocks

    3.7. Statical solutions in engineering geology

    3.8. Classification of rocks

    Chapter 4. Subsurface Exploration

    4.1. Test pits and trenches

    4.2. Exploratory drifts

    4.3. Sounding

    4.4. Boreholes

    4.5. Evaluation of subsurface exploration

    4.6. Construction of geological sections from bore logs

    4.7. Plan and lay-out of subsurface exploration

    Chapter 5. Geophysical Methods

    5.1. Geophysical methods used in the geological investigation of a site

    5.2. Determination of rock properties

    5.3. Geophysical methods used in hydrogeological research

    Chapter 6. Weathering of Rocks

    6.1. Physical weathering

    6.2. Products of Pleistocene physical weathering

    6.3. Chemical weathering

    6.4. Investigation of the weathered zone

    Chapter 7. Slope Movements, Landslides

    7.1. Economic significance of slope movements

    7.2. Factors producing earth movements

    7.3. Division of slope movements

    7.4. Slope movements of surface deposits

    7.5. Landslides in clayey rocks

    7.6. Sliding movements of solid rocks

    7.7. Specific types of slope movements

    7.8. Stabilization of slopes in slide areas

    Chapter 8. Excavation and Workability of Rocks

    8.1. Resistance of rock to excavation

    8.2. Drillability of rocks

    8.3. Workability of rocks

    8.4. Bulking (increase in volume) of rocks

    Chapter 9. Geological Investigation of Building Material Deposits

    9.1. Reconnaissance of a deposit

    9.2. The aim of detailed engineering geological investigation

    9.3. Basic principles of quarry opening

    9.4. Deposits of sand and gravel

    9.5. Working of building material and protection of the environment

    Chapter 10. Foundation of Buildings and Industrial Structures

    10.1. Demands made on the foundation of structures

    10.2. Mechanical behavior of foundation soils

    10.3. Foundation and ground water

    10.4. Foundation excavation

    10.5. Choice of foundation method

    10.6. Investigation of the building site

    10.7. Evaluation of the site

    10.8. Foundation conditions related to the regional geology

    10.9. Measurement of deformations of structures

    Chapter 11. Roads and Railways

    11.1. Geological requirements on the design of transportation routes

    11.2. Preliminary investigation for the general location of the route

    11.3. Detailed investigation for route location

    11.4. Cuttings and half-cuttings

    11.5. Embankments

    11.6. Roadways and their subgrades

    11.7. Geological investigation for bridges and other structures

    11.8. Activity of the engineering geologist during construction and maintenance

    Chapter 12. Tunnels and Underground Power Plants

    12.1. Introduction

    12.2. Tasks of engineering geological research

    12.3. Investigation of the geology of the area and general alignment of the tunnel

    12.4. The hydrogeological conditions

    12.5. Detailed investigation for the location of the tunnel

    12.6. Mechanical behavior of rock and pressure on tunnel lining

    12.7. Tunneling methods

    12.8. Rock temperature and ventilation

    12.9. Hydraulic tunnels

    12.10. Underground railway tunnels

    Chapter 13. Engineering-geological Investigations for Hydraulic Structures

    13.1. Reconnaissance investigation

    13.2. Detailed geological investigation

    13.3. Co-operation of engineering geologist during construction

    13.4. Investigation of the damsite

    13.5. Geomorphological and geological setting of the damsite

    13.6. Damsites in igneous and metamorphic rocks

    13.7. Damsites on sedimentary rocks

    13.8. Foundation of gravity dams

    13.9. Foundation of arch dams

    13.10. Geological investigations for earth dams

    13.11. Water-pressure tests and test grouting

    13.12. Investigation of the reservoir area

    13.13. Watertightness of the reservoir

    13.14. Stability of reservoir banks

    13.15. Siltation of reservoirs

    13.16. Economic effects of impounding water

    13.17. Discharge of water from the reservoir

    13.18. Engineering-geological investigation of sites for power plants

    Chapter 14. Tasks of Geological Investigation in Regional Planning and Environmental Policy

    14.1. Man as a geological agent

    14.2. Regional planning

    14.3. Geological analysis

    14.4. Hydrogeological analysis

    14.5. Geological investigation in planning and building of settlements

    Bibliography

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 581
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 1976
  • Published: January 1, 1976
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444601209

About the Author

Q Zaruba

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