Engineering Fundamentals and Environmental Effects

Engineering Fundamentals and Environmental Effects

1st Edition - January 1, 1971

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  • Editor: H. Liebowitz
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483273648

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Description

Fracture: An Advanced Treatise, Volume III: Engineering Fundamentals and Environmental Effects provides information pertinent to the engineering fundamentals and environmental effects pertaining to various types of fracture. This book focuses on the fracture design of structures as well as the engineering fundamentals of fracture and environmental effects. Organized into 12 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the analytical aspects of linear fracture mechanics, which are complete relative to basic formulation and two-dimensional static problems. This text then reviews the fundamental equations of the statics of solids, with emphasis on the idealization of behavior into elastic, plastic, or viscoelastic types. Other chapters consider a notch analysis of fracture. This book discusses as well the three phases of the fracture process. The final chapter deals with environment cracking under static load. This book is a valuable resource for engineers, students, and research workers in industrial organizations, education and research institutions, and various government agencies.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    Chapter 1. Fundamental Aspects of Crack Growth and Fracture

    I. Introduction

    II. Linear Crack-Stress Field Analysis

    III. Plasticity Analysis Concepts for Cracks

    IV. Slow-Stable Crack Growth

    V. Crack Propagation and Fracture Toughness

    VI. Summary and Recommended Research

    Symbols

    References

    Chapter 2. Plasticity Aspects of Fracture

    I. Introduction

    II. Fundamental Equations of the Statics of Solids

    III. Criteria for Fracture

    IV. Fully Plastic Fracture

    V. Elastic-Plastic Fracture

    VI. Viscous and Viscoelastic Fracture

    VII. Recommended Research

    VIII. Summary

    Symbols

    References

    Chapter 3. Notch Analysis of Fracture

    I. Introduction

    II. Elasticity Theory of Stress Concentrations

    III. Notch Analysis of Brittle Fracture

    IV. Plasticity Corrections

    V. Notch Analysis for Solids Showing a Nonlinear Stress-Strain Relationship

    VI. Brittle Fracture of Inhomogeneous Materials

    VII. Fatigue Crack Propagation

    VIII. Recommended Research

    IX. Summary

    Symbols

    References

    Chapter 4. Multiaxial Stress and Fracture

    I. Introduction

    II. Multiaxial Stress and Strain

    III. Flow and Fracture

    IV. Theories of Strength

    V. Stress-Strain Relationships

    VI. Phenomenological Aspects of Fracture

    VII. Current Design Practice

    VIII. Recommended Research

    IX. Summary

    Symbols

    References

    Chapter 5. Photoelastic Studies of Fracture

    I. Introduction

    II. Photoelasticity

    III. Application of Two-Dimensional Static Photoelasticity to Fracture Analysis

    IV. Application of Three-Dimensional Photoelasticity to Fracture Analysis

    V. Recommended Research

    VI. Summary

    Appendix A. Derivation of Eq. (24)

    Appendix B. Derivation of Eq. (33)

    Appendix C. Derivation of Eq. (39)

    Symbols

    References

    Chapter 6. Nondestructive Testing

    I. Introduction

    II. Methods of Nondestructive Testing

    III. What Is a Flaw?

    IV. Challenges to Nondestructive Testing and Recommended Research

    V. Summary and Conclusion

    Symbols

    References

    Chapter 7. Fatigue of High-Strength Materials

    I. Introduction

    II. Effects of Cyclic Straining

    III. Microscopic Aspects of Fatigue-Crack Nucleation

    IV. Fatigue-Crack Propagation

    V. Energy Approach to Fatigue

    VI. Recommended Research

    VII. Summary and Conclusions

    Symbols

    References

    Chapter 8. Fracture Under Conditions of Hot Creep Rupture

    I. Introduction

    II. Structure of the Grain Boundary

    III. The High-Temperature Region

    IV. Creep Deformation and Recovery

    V. Void Formation and Intercrystalline Failure in Creep

    VI. Recommended Research

    VII. Summary

    Symbols

    References

    Chapter 9. Fracture Mechanisms and Radiation Effects

    I. Introduction

    II. Irradiation Damage Mechanisms

    III. Fundamental Considerations

    IV. Metallurgical Considerations

    V. Recommended Research

    VI. Summary

    Appendix: Influence of Flow Stress on Plastic Energy Absorption Rate

    Symbols

    References

    Chapter 10. Adsorption-Induced Brittle Fracture in Liquid-Metal Environments

    I. Introduction

    II. Occurrence and Mechanism of L-ME

    III. Mechanical Factors

    IV. Metallurgical and Physical Factors

    V. Chemical Aspects

    VI. Summary and Recommended Research

    Symbols

    References

    Chapter 11. Stress-Corrosion Cracking

    I. Introduction and Definition

    II. Effect of Stress

    III. Environmental Factors

    IV. Metallurgical Factors

    V. Stainless Steels

    VI. Carbon Steels

    VII. Theories of Stress-Corrosion Cracking

    VIII. Recommended Research

    IX. Summary

    Symbols

    References

    Chapter 12. Environmental Cracking in High-Strength Materials

    I. Introduction

    II. Role of Fracture Mechanics

    III. Environmental Cracking of High-Strength Steels Under Static Load

    IV. Environment-Accelerated Fatigue Crack Growth

    V. Applications of Subcritical Flaw Growth Analysis

    VI. Recommended Research

    VII. Summary

    Symbols

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 774
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1971
  • Published: January 1, 1971
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483273648

About the Editor

H. Liebowitz

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