Engineered Biomimicry

Engineered Biomimicry

1st Edition - May 24, 2013

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  • Editors: Akhlesh Lakhtakia, Raúl José Martín-Palma
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780124159952
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123914323

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Engineered Biomimicry covers a broad range of research topics in the emerging discipline of biomimicry. Biologically inspired science and technology, using the principles of math and physics, has led to the development of products as ubiquitous as Velcro™ (modeled after the spiny hooks on plant seeds and fruits). Readers will learn to take ideas and concepts like this from nature, implement them in research, and understand and explain diverse phenomena and their related functions. From bioinspired computing and medical products to biomimetic applications like artificial muscles, MEMS, textiles and vision sensors, Engineered Biomimicry explores a wide range of technologies informed by living natural systems. Engineered Biomimicry helps physicists, engineers and material scientists seek solutions in nature to the most pressing technical problems of our times, while providing a solid understanding of the important role of biophysics. Some physical applications include adhesion superhydrophobicity and self-cleaning,  structural coloration, photonic devices, biomaterials and composite materials, sensor systems, robotics and locomotion, and ultra-lightweight structures.

Key Features

  • Explores biomimicry, a fast-growing, cross-disciplinary field in which researchers study biological activities in nature to make critical advancements in science and engineering
  • Introduces bioinspiration, biomimetics, and bioreplication, and provides biological background and practical applications for each
  • Cutting-edge topics include bio-inspired robotics, microflyers, surface modification and more


Applied physicists, biophysicists, engineers, bioengineers, material scientists

Table of Contents

  • Dedication



    Biology inspires - Diversity matters


    The World’s Top Olympians

    1 Introduction

    2 Sprints, middle-distance, and long-distance events

    3 High-altitude training

    4 Long jump and high jump

    5 Swimming and diving

    6 Pumping iron

    7 Concluding remarks


    Chapter 1. Biomimetic Vision Sensors

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Imaging, vision sensors, and eyes

    1.3 Biomimetic approaches to vision sensors

    1.4 Case Study: Musca domestica vision sensor

    1.5 Biomimetic vision sensor developments

    1.6 Concluding remarks


    Chapter 2. Noise Exploitation and Adaptation in Neuromorphic Sensors

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Organization of neurobiological sensory systems

    2.3 Noise exploitation in neurobiology

    2.4 Learning and adaptation

    2.5 Case study: Neuromorphic acoustic source localizer

    2.6 ΣΔ Learning framework

    2.7 Conclusions


    Chapter 3. Biomimetic Hard Materials

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Design guidelines for biomimetic hard materials

    3.3 Biomimetic hard materials at the macroscale

    3.4 Biomimetic hard materials at the micro- and nanoscales

    3.5 Conclusion and outlook


    Chapter 4. Biomimetic Robotics

    4.1 Introduction to biomimicry

    4.2 Technologies facilitating biomimetic robotics

    4.3 Engineering applications

    4.4 Prognosis for the future


    Chapter 5. Bioinspired and Biomimetic Microflyers

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Design space for microflyers

    5.3 Physical challenges at small scales

    5.4 Unsteady aerodynamics in animal flight

    5.5 Airframes

    5.6 Modeling

    5.7 Sensors

    5.8 Future challenges


    Chapter 6. Muscular Biopolymers

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Three-dimensional fabrication of biopolymer nanocomposites (IBMCs)

    6.3 chitosan/Nafion® composite 3-D manufacturing procedure

    6.4 Modeling and simulation

    6.5 Conclusions


    Chapter 7. Bioscaffolds: Fabrication and Performance

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Fabrication of 3D bioscaffolds

    7.3 Surface modification of scaffolds

    7.4 Bioactive molecule delivery with scaffolds

    7.5 Conclusions and perspectives


    Chapter 8. Surface Modification for Biocompatibility

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 The surface region

    8.4 A biomaterials surface science lab of your own

    8.5 Conclusion


    Chapter 9. Flight Control Using Biomimetic Optical Sensors

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Structure of the Visual World of Insects

    9.3 Airborne Compass Based on Sky Polarization

    9.4 Ocelli Attitude Reference

    9.5 Optical-Flow Control of Height and Course

    9.6 Conclusion


    Chapter 10. Biomimetic Textiles

    10.1 Textiles

    10.2 Biomimicry

    10.3 Biomimesis in textile-materials engineering

    10.4 Concluding remarks


    Chapter 11. Structural Colors

    11.1 Introduction: Colors in nature

    11.2 A brief history of research

    11.3 Physical mechanisms for structural color

    11.4 Structural colors from natural photonic structures

    11.5 Attempts to mimic structural colors

    11.6 Applications of structural colors in art and industry

    11.7 Concluding remarks


    Chapter 12. Biomimetic Antireflection Surfaces

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Scalable self-assembly of colloidal particles

    12.3 Templated broadband moth-eye antireflection coatings on semiconductor wafers

    12.4 Templated transparent moth-eye antireflection coatings

    12.5 Nanostructured superhydrophobic coatings

    12.6 Conclusions


    Chapter 13. Biomimetic Self-Organization and Self-Healing

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Navigation in large groups

    13.3 Collective decision making

    13.4 Coordination of large construction work

    13.5 Swarm intelligence

    13.6 Self-sealing

    13.7 Self-healing

    13.8 Adaptive growth

    13.9 Multilayer formation

    13.10 Discussion and perspectives


    Chapter 14. Solution-Based Techniques for Biomimetics and Bioreplication

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Bioreplication techniques and processes

    14.3 Bioreplica photonic crystals

    14.4 Concluding remarks and future directions


    Chapter 15. Vapor-Deposition Techniques

    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 Physical vapor deposition

    15.3 Chemical vapor deposition

    15.4 Atomic layer deposition

    15.5 Molecular beam epitaxy

    15.6 Concluding remarks


    Chapter 16. Atomic Layer Deposition for Biomimicry

    16.1 Atomic layer deposition: history and technology

    16.2 Application of ALD to biomaterials

    16.3 Future perspectives of ALD in biomimetics

    16.4 Summary


    Chapter 17. Evolutionary Computation and Genetic Programming

    17.1 Bioinspired computing

    17.2 History and Variants of Evolutionary Computing

    17.3 Genetic Programming: History, Principles, and Methods

    17.4 Advances and State of the Art

    17.5 Applications

    17.6 Human-Competitive Results of Genetic Programming

    17.7 Conclusions



Product details

  • No. of pages: 496
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2013
  • Published: May 24, 2013
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780124159952
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123914323

About the Editors

Akhlesh Lakhtakia

Akhlesh Lakhtakia is an Evan Pugh University Professor and The Charles Godfrey Binder (Endowed) Professor in the Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics, at Pennsylvania State University, USA. He received his BTech. (1979) and DSc (2006) degrees from Banaras Hindu University, India, and his MS (1981) and PhD (1983) degrees from the University of Utah, USA. His current research interests include electromagnetic and elastodynamic fields in complex materials and architected materials, including sculptured thin-films and mimumes, thin-film solar cells, biologically inspired design, and forensic science.

Affiliations and Expertise

Evan Pugh University Professor and The Charles Godfrey Binder (Endowed) Professor, Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics, Pennsylvania State University, USA

Raúl José Martín-Palma

Raúl José Martín-Palma is Adjunct Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Spain. His research interests include work in nanostructures and nanotechnology, optics and photonics.

Affiliations and Expertise

Adjunct Professor of Materials Science and Engineering, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Spain

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