Energy Efficiency

Energy Efficiency

Concepts and Calculations

1st Edition - May 9, 2019

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  • Authors: Daniel Martinez, Ben Ebenhack, Travis Wagner
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128121115

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Energy Efficiency: Concepts and Calculations is the first book of its kind to provide an applied, systems oriented description of energy intensity and efficiency in modern economies across the entire energy chain. With an emphasis on analysis, specifically energy flow analysis, lifecycle energy accounting, economic analysis, technology evaluation, and policies/strategies for adopting high energy efficiency standards, the book provides a comprehensive understanding of the concepts, tools and methodologies for studying and modeling macro-level energy flows through, and within, key economic sectors (electric power, industrial, commercial, residential and transportation). Providing a technical discussion of the application of common methodologies (e.g. cost-benefit analysis and lifecycle assessment), each chapter contains figures, charts and examples from each sector, including the policies that have been put in place to promote and incentivize the adoption of energy efficient technologies.

Key Features

  • Contains models and tools to analyze each stage at the macro-level by tracking energy consumption and how the resulting data might change energy use
  • Includes accessible references and a glossary of common terms at the end of each chapter
  • Provides diagnostic figures, tables and schematics within the context of local, regional and national energy consumption and utilization


Energy Engineering professionals, electrical engineers, upper level undergraduates in engineering subjects, policy professionals with a strong technical background, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Energy Policy makers

Table of Contents

  • CHAPTER 1 Introductory concepts

    1.1 Defining Energy Efficiency

    1.2 Impetus for Understanding and Employing Energy

    1.3 Energy Sources and Energy Carriers

    1.4 The Energy Supply/Demand Chain

    1.5 Efficiency Calculation: Assessing Cumulative or Total System Efficiency

    1.6 Sources of Energy Efficiency Information

    CHAPTER 2 Dealing with energy units, measures, and statistics

    2.1 The Reason for So Many Units

    2.2 Systems of Measurement, Common Units, and Prefixes

    2.3 Power and Its Equivalencies

    2.4 Production and Consumption Definitions and Statistics

    2.5 Definitions and Representations of Energy Efficiency

    CHAPTER 3 Primary energy trends

    3.1 Conceptualizing Primary Energy Supply

    3.2 Conceptualizing Primary Energy Flows to End Use

    3.3 Oil and Gas Supply and Production

    3.4 Coal Supply and Production

    3.5 Uranium Supply and Production

    3.6 Hydropower Supply and Production

    3.7 Wind Supply and Production

    3.8 Solar Supply and Production

    3.9 Biomass Supply and Production

    3.10 Geothermal Supply and Production

    3.11 Future Energy Supply and Production

    CHAPTER 4 Energy–flow analyses and efficiency indicators

    4.1 Energy-Conversion Devices

    4.2 Macroscale Energy Systems and Efficiency

    4.3 Energy Flows and Efficiencies of Economic Sectors

    4.4 Summary

    CHAPTER 5 Electric power sector energy efficiency

    5.1 Global Electricity Consumption: Basic Statistics

    5.2 Overview of the Sector

    5.3 Electricity Demand

    5.4 Electricity Generator Types

    5.5 Electricity Transmission and Distribution

    5.6 Illustrated Calculations of Energy Flow Through

    5.7 Conclusion

    CHAPTER 6 Industrial sector energy efficiency

    6.1 Industrial Sector Overview

    6.2 Energy-Intensive Manufacturing Subsectors

    6.3 Nonenergy-Intensive Manufacturing Subsectors

    6.4 Nonmanufacturing Subsectors

    6.5 Technology Implementation and Energy Savings Across Subsectors

    6.6 Calculation: Energy Auditing and Estimating Payback for Energy Efficient Technology Adoption Decisions in the Industrial Sector

    CHAPTER 7 Transportation sector energy efficiency

    7.1 Transportation Sector Overview

    7.2 Modes of Transport in the Sector

    7.3 Energy Efficiency Potential in Motor Vehicles

    7.4 Driving More Efficiently

    7.5 Calculation: Fuel Economy and Per Passenger Efficiency

    CHAPTER 8 Residential and commercial sector energy efficiency

    8.1 Residential and Commercial Sector Overview

    8.2 End-Use Energy Consumption in Residential and Commercial Buildings

    8.3 Residential and Commercial Energy Audits

    8.4 Calculation: Heat Loss Through the Building Shell With and Without Insulation


    CHAPTER 9 Policy instruments to foster energy efficiency

    9.1 Overview

    9.2 Policy Approaches to Foster Energy Efficiency

    9.3 Command-and-Control Policy Instruments

    9.4 Market-Based Policy Instruments

    9.5 Voluntary Policy Instruments

    9.6 Policy Instruments for the Transportation Sector

    9.7 Policies for the Energy Production Sector

    9.8 Policies for the Commercial and Residential Sectors

    9.9 Conclusion

Product details

  • No. of pages: 326
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier Science 2019
  • Published: May 9, 2019
  • Imprint: Elsevier Science
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128121115

About the Authors

Daniel Martinez

Daniel M. Martínez received his PhD in chemical engineering from the University of Rochester and currently is an assistant professor of environmental science and policy at the University of Southern Maine. His research and teaching interests span the fields of molecular science, energy sustainability, and STEM education. Since joining USM, he has developed numerous projects about energy, development and the environment, with a focus on energy analysis, building energy systems, and life cycle costing.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Southern Maine, Portland, Maine, USA

Ben Ebenhack

Ben W. Ebenhack began his career working for a multinational petroleum company in district operations, corporate research, and international headquarters. Upon leaving the oil patch, he founded the AHEAD Energy Corporation, a public charity that helps developing countries in their energy transitions. Currently an associate chair of petroleum engineering at his alma mater, Marietta College, he is now guiding future petroleum engineers through a variety of subjects, ranging from working in the American shale plays to corporate social responsibility practices of major international energy companies.

Affiliations and Expertise

Marietta College, Marietta, Ohio, USA

Travis Wagner

Travis P. Wagner received his PhD in public policy from the George Washington University with a focus on environmental and natural resource policy. He currently is a professor of environmental policy at the University of Southern Maine. His research and teaching interests focus on innovative policy approaches to fostering sustainable materials management. In addition to energy, his recent research efforts have been on the assessment of municipal strategies to reduce the consumption of single-use plastics.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Department of Environmental Science and Policy, Universtiy of Southern Maine, USA

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