Energy, Ecology, and the Environment

Energy, Ecology, and the Environment

1st Edition - June 28, 1974

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  • Author: Richard Wilson
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323153898

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Description

Energy, Ecology, and the Environment discusses how our need for energy and the different means required to obtain it affect the environment and the harnessing of different natural resources. The book also aims to show more efficient ways to use and generate energy. The book, after a brief introduction to the concept of energy, covers topics such as the different energy resources and the demands, costs, and policies regarding energy. The book also discusses the problems brought about by the production of energy such as the hazards to nature and man; environmental problems and pollution; and accidents and sabotage that it can bring about. Also tackled are issues such as the transport and disposal of wastes; the conversion of energy; and the regulation of the energy industry. The text is recommended for naturalists who would like to know more about the effects of the energy industry on the environment, as well as for energy scientists who are looking for alternative sources and ways to achieve clean energy.

Table of Contents


  • Contents

    Preface

    Chapter I Energy

    Introduction

    Energy Consumption - A Brief History

    Environmental Effects

    The Concept of Energy

    Force

    Work

    Kinetic Energy

    The Units of Energy

    Potential Energy

    The Conservation of Energy

    Electrical Energy

    References

    General References

    Problems

    Chapter 2 Man's Energy Resources

    Solar Power

    The Sun's Radiation

    Harnessing Solar Power, I

    Harnessing Solar Power, II

    Harnessing Solar Power, III

    Some Conclusions

    Power from the Rivers and Seas

    Hydroelectric Power

    Tidal Power

    Thermal Power from the Sea

    Power from the Winds

    Geothermal Energy

    Fossil-Fuel Reserves

    Crude Oil

    Natural Gas

    Coal

    Uranium and Thorium

    Economic Factors of Fuel Recovery

    Tables of Energy Conversion Factors

    References

    General References

    Problems

    Chapter 3 Energy Demand and Cost

    The Consumption of Energy

    The Cost of Energy

    Electricity: Demand versus Time

    Energy Storage Devices

    Power Sources for Peaking Plants

    Long-Term Energy Policy

    References

    General References

    Special Set of References on the Origin of the 1973 US Energy Crisis

    Problems

    Chapter 4 Thermal Pollution

    Global Energy Balance

    Cooling by River Water

    Fish-Kills

    Cooling Towers and Ponds

    Lake Cooling

    Ocean Cooling

    Ponds, Lakes, and Land Use

    Aquaculture

    Heat Pumps

    References

    General References

    Problems

    Chapter 5 Nuclear Fission and Fusion

    Introduction

    The Atom

    The Chemistry of Atoms

    The Role of the Electron

    The Energy Formula of Einstein

    Binding Energy

    Nuclear Fission

    Radioactivity

    The Chain Reaction

    The Nuclear Reactor

    Control of a Reactor

    Types of Reactors

    Converters

    Breeder Reactors

    Nuclear Fusion

    The Stellar Fusion Reaction

    Terrestrial Fusion Reactions

    Advanced Details

    Environmental Effects

    References

    General References for Nuclear Power

    Problems

    Chapter 6 Comparisons of Hazards of Life

    Introduction

    Cost/Benefit Analysis

    Life-Shortening

    Monetary Value of a Risk

    Pollution Tax

    References

    General References

    Problems

    Chapter 7 Environmental Problems at the Source

    Mining Diseases

    Accidents at the Source

    "Road Liable to Subsidence"

    Strip-Mining

    Radioactive Houses

    References

    General References

    Problems

    Chapter 8 Air Pollution

    Particulate Emissions

    Sulfur-Dioxide Pollution from Fossil-Fuel Plants

    Sulfur Reduction

    Gasification of Coal

    Nitrogen Oxides from Fossil-Fuel Plants

    Reducing Nitrogen-Oxide Emission

    Epidemiological Effects of Air Pollution

    References

    Extra Reference

    Problems

    Chapter 9 the Radiation Hazard to Man

    Environmental Radiation

    Radiation Dosage

    Experimental Data

    Genetic Hazards

    Comparison of Estimates

    Other Epidemiological Studies of Radiation

    Sources of Radiation

    Comparison of Guidelines

    Long-Lived Radioactivity

    Release of Radioactivity from Power Stations

    Biological Concentration of Radioactive Elements

    Radiation from Coal

    References

    Problems

    Chapter 10 Accidents and Sabotage

    Introduction

    Hydroelectric Power

    Natural Gas

    Coal

    Oil

    Nuclear Accidents

    An Accident Analysis

    The Fuel Rods

    Actual Accidents

    Sabotage

    Hazards of Liquid Sodium

    Accident Insurance

    Summary of Environmental Problems of Fuel

    References

    Additional Recent References

    Problems

    Chapter 11 Transportation of Fuel and Wastes

    Fossil Fuels

    Oil Spills

    Regulation of Oil Spills

    Coal Transportation

    Transportation of Wastes

    Nuclear Fuels

    Transmission Lines

    References

    Problems

    Chapter 12 Energy Converters

    Introduction

    Dual-Fuel Engines

    Hydrogen Generation

    Methanol

    Other Energy Converters

    Thermoelectric Energy Converters

    Thermionic Energy Converters

    Photovoltaic Energy Converters (Solar Cells)

    Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) Energy Converters

    References

    Problems

    Chapter 13 Waste Disposal

    Fossil Fuels

    Nuclear Wastes

    Salt Mines

    Storage in Underground Rock

    Fuel Reprocessing

    References

    Problems

    Chapter 14 Regulation of Energy Industry

    Regulation and Licensing, Background

    Legal Precedents

    Plutonium Politics

    Oil Politics

    References

    Problems

    Chapter 15 Summary Tables

    Chapter 16 Some Possible Term-Paper Topics


Product details

  • No. of pages: 368
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1974
  • Published: June 28, 1974
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323153898

About the Author

Richard Wilson

Richard Wilson
Dr. Wilson served the United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service (ARS) for 32 years. He led the USDA Soybean & Nitrogen Fixation Research Unit at Raleigh, North Carolina until 2002 when he became the USDA-ARS National Program Leader for all oilseed research. Dr. Wilson holds the rank of Professor Emeritus at North Carolina State University. His personal research helped pioneer breakthroughs in biochemical and genetic regulation of soybean seed composition, with emphasis on improved oil quality traits that provided the foundation for commercial production of high-oleic soybeans. His direction of national USDA research projects enabled the development of high-oleic peanuts, and chromosomal scale sequences of the soybean, dry bean, cacao and peanut genomes.

Affiliations and Expertise

The Peanut Foundation, Oilseed & Bioscience Consulting, Raleigh, NC, USA

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