Description

Energy Conservation in the Process Industries provides insight into ways of identifying more important energy efficiency improvements. This book demonstrates how the principles can be employed to practical advantage. Organized into 12 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the energy situation and a background in thermodynamics. This text then describes a staged method to improved energy use to understand where the energy goes and how to calculate the value of losses. Other chapters consider improving facilities based on an understanding of the overall site energy system. This book discusses as well the fundamental process and equipment improvements. The final chapter deals with systematic and sophisticated design methods as well as provides some guidelines and checklists for energy conservation items. This book is a valuable resource for mechanical, lead process, and plant engineers involved in energy conservation. Process designers, plant managers, process researchers, and accountants will also find this book extremely useful.

Table of Contents


Preface

List of Common Symbols

1. Energy Outlook

Introduction

I. Scope of the Problem

II. Thermodynamic Efficiencies

III. The Fundamental Strategy

Notes

2. The Second Law of Thermodynamics Revisited

Differences between Laws

I. Definitions

II. Available Energy and Fuel

Summary

Notes

3. Thermodynamics and Economics, Part I

Introduction

I. General Considerations

II. A Systematic Approach to Steam Pricing

III. Pricing Other Utilities

Summary

Notes

4. Characterizing Energy Use

Introduction

I. Understanding Energy Use

II. Missing Data

III. An Illustrative Onsite Audit

IV. An Illustrative Steam Power Balance

Summary

Notes

5. Optimum Performance of Existing Facilities

Introduction

I. Principle 1—Minimize Waste

II. Combustion Principles

III. Illustrative Problems—Combustion Efficiency

IV. Steam Trap Principles

V. Principle 2—Manage Energy Use Effectively

Summary

Notes

6. Facilities Improvement-An Overall Site Approach

Introduction

I. Utilizing the Energy Audit

II. Overall Site Interactions

III. Total Site Cogeneration Potential

Problem: Maximum Potential Fuel Utilization

IV. The Linear Programming Approach

Summary

Notes

7. Methodology of Thermodynamic Analysis: General Considerations

Introduction

Sign Conventions

I. Detailed Procedures

II. Illustrative Examples

Summary

Notes

Details

No. of pages:
329
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 1984
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
Print ISBN:
9780124042209
Electronic ISBN:
9780080924014