Energy and Housing - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080189680, 9781483138541

Energy and Housing

1st Edition

A Symposium Held at the Open University, Milton Keynes, on 31st October, 1974. Convened by B.W. Jones of the Faculty of Science and the Energy Research Group

Editors: C. B. Wilson H. J. Cowan A. W. Hendry
eBook ISBN: 9781483138541
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1975
Page Count: 158
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Description

Energy and Housing examines the problem of power for houses and energy for building materials and considers ways of reducing the energy consumed in domestic housing. Emphasis is more on the running energy costs than on the capital energy cost of building materials and construction. This book is comprised of 12 chapters and begins by describing two types of fluidic wall attachment devices for controlling hot water flow in a domestic heating circuit, followed by a discussion on the thermal performances of well-insulated houses having thermally heavy interiors and thermally light interiors and similar overall U-values. Subsequent chapters focus on how buildings provide protection from the climate and the problem of flexibility in thermal comfort; the energy cost of the construction and habitation of timber frame housing; the capital energy requirements of buildings; and the use of winter sunshine to heat buildings. A model that describes the thermal response of a solar heated building is also considered, along with the use of solar energy for housing and some problems associated with the design of low-energy housing. The final chapter evaluates the socioeconomic, environmental, and political implications of minimizing energy costs in buildings. This monograph will be of interest to energy and housing officials and policymakers.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: EDITOR’S INTRODUCTION

The context of the problem

Conclusions

The technical issues

Arrangement of papers

Acknowledgements

Chapter 2: FLUIDIC DIVERTER VALVES APPLIED TO INTERMITTENT DOMESTIC HEATING

Summary

Intermittent Control

Sequence of Loads

Fluidic Diverting Valves

Energy Consumption of the Heating Circuits

Conclusions

Chapter 3: SOME EFFECTS OF VENTILATION RATE, THERMAL INSULATION AND MASS ON THE THERMAL PERFORMANCE OF HOUSES IN SUMMER AND WINTER

Summary

Introduction

Thermal Performance Calculations and Results

Practical Aspects of Construction including the Moisture Problem

Conclusions

Chapter 4: THERMAL COMFORT

Summary

The Thermal Environment People Prefer

Conclusion

Chapter 5: THE ENERGY COST OF THE CONSTRUCTION AND HABITATION OF TIMBER FRAME HOUSING

Summary

Introduction

Timber Frame Housing

Energy Cost of Construction

Energy Cost of Habitation

Chapter 6: ENERGY TO BUILD

SUMMARY

MATERIALS

EXTERNAL SKIN OF BUILDINGS

INTERNAL STRUCTURE

CONCLUSIONS

Chapter 7: HEATING BUILDINGS BY WINTER SUNSHINE

Summary

Introduction

Solar Construction

Economic Viability of a Solar Wall

a) Glass wall temperature Tgw

b) Cavity temperature Tcav

Solar Incidence and Sunshine Hours

Estimates of Glasswall Temperature

Is A Solar Wall Economic?

Discussion

Acknowledgements

Chapter 8: A THERMAL MODEL FOR A SOLAR HEATED BUILDING

Summary

Acknowledgements

Chapter 9: Solar Housing

Summary

Optimisation of monthly mean daily heat balance of a rectangular building

Conclusion

Chapter 10: THERMAL INSULATION STANDARDS

Summary

Current Standards

Mean U-Values or Volumetric Heat Loss

Fortuitous Heat Gains

Relation with Thermal Capacity

Climate Zones

Tentative Suggestions

Chapter 11: SOME PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH THE DESIGN OF LOW ENERGY HOUSING

PREDICTION OF ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION

COSTS

CONCLUSIONS

Chapter 12: THE AUTONOMOUS HOUSING RESEARCH PROGRAMME

Summary

Introduction

Justification

Large Scale Systems

Autonomous Systems Integration

Power

Water Supply and Food Production

Design Guide

Conclusion

Chapter 13: MINIMISING ENERGY COSTS IN BUILDINGS: THE SOCIOECONOMIC ENVIRONMENTAL AND POLITICAL IMPLICATIONS

Summary

The ‘Energy Crisis’

Energy Use and Conservation in Buildings

Appropriate Technologies

Decentralisation

Implications

Chapter 14: DISCUSSION SESSIONS

Morning session

Afternoon session

List of Participants

Details

No. of pages:
158
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1975
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483138541

About the Editor

C. B. Wilson

H. J. Cowan

A. W. Hendry